Three times more dwellings in Estonia compared to 100 years ago
According to Statistics Estonia, on 1 January 2017, there were 706,000 dwellings in Estonia, of which 76% were occupied. Compared to 1922 when there were 252,000 dwellings in Estonia, the number has nearly tripled.
Occupied dwellings numbered 537,000, of which three-quarters were under 80 m2 and a third were in the range 60–80 m2. Of occupied dwellings, those with 2 and 3 rooms had the largest shares, 32% and 30%, respectively.
93% of occupied dwellings had piped water. 88% had a flush toilet, 84% had a bath or shower and 70% had central heating. 68% of occupied dwellings had all four amenities.69,000 dwellings, i.e. 10% of existing dwellings, have been constructed in Estonia since 2001. A higher than Estonian average share of new dwellings is in Harju, Tartu and Pärnu counties.
In 2018, Statistics Estonia publishes housing data for the first time based on the data of Estonian registers. The used methodology has been developed as part of the preparation for the 2020/2021 Register-Based Population and Housing Census.
The population of dwellings is based on the data of three registers: the Address Data System, the Population Register and the Register of Construction Works. Technical data are from the Register of Construction Works, and when necessary, have been supplemented with the data of the 2011 Population and Housing Census.For the statistical activity “Housing”, the main representative of public interest is the Ministry of Economic Affairs and Communications, commissioned by whom Statistics Estonia collects and analyses the data necessary for conducting the statistical activity.
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More detailed data have been published in the Statistical Database.