In September, food and clothing had the greatest impact on the consumer price index

news release no 118

According to Statistics Estonia, the change of the consumer price index in September 2019 was -0.2% compared to August 2019 and 2.2% compared to September of the previous year.

In September, food and clothing had the greatest impact on the consumer price index

Compared to September 2018, goods were 1.4% and services 3.5% more expensive. Regulated prices of goods and services fell by 0.6% and non-regulated prices rose by 2.9%.

Compared to September 2018, the consumer price index was affected the most by the price increase of food and non-alcoholic beverages. The biggest impact on the latter came from 13% more expensive vegetables and 5.4% more expensive flour products. Alcoholic beverages were 6.8% cheaper, diesel fuel 0.4% more expensive and petrol 0.7% cheaper. Of food products, the biggest price increases were seen for potatoes (17%), fresh vegetables (16%) and rice (16%), while the prices of fresh fish dropped the most (16%).

Compared to August, the consumer price index was affected the most by the end of seasonal sales of clothing and footwear. A more substantial impact on the index change came also from 1.5% cheaper motor fuel and 8% cheaper vegetables.

Change of the consumer price index by commodity groups, September 2019
Commodity group September 2018 – September 2019, % August 2019 – September 2019, %
TOTAL 2.2 -0.2
Food and non-alcoholic beverages 3.2 -0.7
Alcoholic beverages and tobacco -2.5 -0.1
Clothing and footwear 1.8 7.4
Housing 1.1 -0.9
Household goods 1.7 0.0
Health 3.0 -0.1
Transport 0.7 -1.3
Communications -1.7 0.0
Recreation and culture 6.9 0.0
Education 4.4 1.5
Hotels. cafés and restaurants 4.3 -0.7
Miscellaneous goods and services 2.8 -0.2

Statistics Estonia publishes the consumer price index on the 5th working day of each month after the end of the reporting period. For the statistical activity “Consumer price index”, the main representative of public interest is the Ministry of Finance, commissioned by whom Statistics Estonia collects and analyses the data necessary for conducting the statistical activity.

See also https://www.stat.ee/cpi-calculator.

For further information:

Viktoria Trasanov
Leading Analyst
Economic and Environmental Statistics Department
Statistics Estonia
Tel +372 625 9240