Food contributed the most to the year-on-year change of the consumer price index

news release no 4

According to Statistics Estonia, the consumer price index increased by 2.3% in 2019 compared to the average of 2018.

Food contributed the most to the year-on-year change of the consumer price index

In 2019, the consumer price index was affected the most by food and non-alcoholic beverages. The biggest impact on the latter came from 17% more expensive vegetables and 4.9% more expensive flour and cereal products. The prices of petrol and diesel fuel increased by 0.5% and 1.5%, respectively, while alcoholic beverages were 3% cheaper than in 2018.

In 2019, compared to the average of 2018, the biggest price increases among food products were seen for potatoes (27.9%), fresh vegetables (24.1%) and rice (10.6%).

Change of consumer price index by commodity group, 2019
Commodity group 2018–2019, %
Food and non-alcoholic beverages 3.0
Alcoholic beverages and tobacco 0.1
Clothing and footwear 0.7
Housing 2.9
Household goods 1.9
Health 2.5
Transport 0.7
Communications -2.9
Recreation and culture 5.8
Education 5.5
Hotels, cafés and restaurants 3.8
Miscellaneous goods and services 2.7

For the statistical activity “Consumer price index”, the main representative of public interest is the Ministry of Finance, commissioned by whom Statistics Estonia collects and analyses the data necessary for conducting this statistical activity.

More detailed data have been published in the statistical database. See also the consumer price index calculator.

For further information:

Kadri Kütt
Media Relations Manager
Marketing and Dissemination Department
Statistics Estonia
Tel. +372 625 9181