Population indicators and composition

Living longer, but health is worse

news release no 105

According to Statistics Estonia, in 2018, life expectancy at birth was 73.9 years for males and 82.4 years for females. Life expectancy has increased for both sexes, slightly more for males. Men are expected to live disability-free for 52.8 and women for 55.6 years. Just a year ago, disability-free life expectancy for males was two years longer and for females over three years longer.

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More births and smaller emigration increased the population figure

news release no 53

According to the revised data of Statistics Estonia, 1,324,820 persons lived in Estonia on 1 January 2019, which is 5,687 persons more than at the same time a year earlier. In 2018, the population figure decreased by 1,384 persons due to negative natural change, but increased by 7,071 persons as a result of positive net migration.

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The population of Estonia increased last year

news release no 7

According to Statistics Estonia, the preliminary estimate of the population of Estonia as at 1 January 2019 was 1,323,820, which is 4,690 persons more than at the same time a year ago.

Population change, 2012–2018

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In what kind of families are children born?

Eesti Statistika Kvartalikiri. 4/18. Quarterly Bulletin of Statistics Estonia (p. 9)
Kadri Raid, Alis Tammur

This article gives an overview of the results of the data mininga project “In what kind of families are children born?” commissioned by the Ministry of Finance.

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Life expectancy is increasing in Estonia

news release no 94

According to Statistics Estonia, in 2017, life expectancy at birth was 73.7 years for males and 82.3 years for females. In the last ten years, male life expectancy has risen by 6 and female life expectancy by 3.5 years. As a result, the difference in male and female life expectancy has decreased.

Life expectancy at birth, 1989-2017

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Positive immigration in Estonia for the third consecutive year

Eesti Statistika Kvartalikiri. 2/18. Quarterly Bulletin of Statistics Estonia (p. 12)
Alis Tammur

Estonian population is on the rise. Net external migration has been positive already for three years, and in two of these years, immigration has compensated for the negative natural increase – also population has increased. At the same time, the number of births has not changed significantly, and the number of children per woman is still substantially lower than the replacement level. Ageing continues to be an important process shaping the population.

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Immigration exceeded emigration for the third year in a row

news release no 50

According to the revised data of Statistics Estonia, 1,319,133 persons lived in Estonia on 1 January 2018, which is 3,499 persons more than at the same a year earlier. In 2017, the population figure decreased by 1,759 persons due to natural increase, but increased by 5,258 persons as a result of positive net migration.

Change in population figure, 2008–2017

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Narva and other cities on the eastern border of the European Union

Eesti Statistika Kvartalikiri. 1/18. Quarterly Bulletin of Statistics Estonia (p. 56)
Mihkel Servinski, Marika Kivilaid

The survey of European cities provides a great opportunity to compare cities in different European regions. Without the survey, this opportunity would hardly exist. Three Estonian cities participate in the City Statistics survey: Tallinn, Tartu and Narva. In this article, Narva is compared to four cities of a similar size on the eastern border of the European Union.

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The population of Estonia increased last year

news release no 7

According to Statistics Estonia, the preliminary estimate of the population of Estonia as at 1 January 2018 was 1,318,700, which is 3,070 persons more than at the same time a year ago.

Population change, 2000–2017

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Population of counties after administrative reform

news release no 121

Statistics Estonia recalculated the population of counties in 2017 according to the administrative division in place after this year’s local government elections.

Population change in counties due to administrative reform, 1 January 2017

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