Social life

The share of older students in vocational and higher education is increasing

Riina Leinbock

In the academic year 2017/2018, there were 153,300 students acquiring general education, 24,100 vocational education and approximately 46,200 higher education in Estonia. Compared to the previous academic year, the number of students in general education increased by 4,100; in vocational education it decreased by 900 and in higher education by 1600.

Full-time students in general education, 2007‒2017

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Social protection expenditure on the rise

Marin Tasuja

In 2017, the social protection field was mostly characterised by growth trends: the average old-age pension exceeded 400 euros, labour market measures are being used more and there is a greater variety of them, the expenditure on family allowances increased and new allowances for large families were added. The number of old-age pensioners and subsistence benefit recipients has declined.

The number of health insurance benefit cases by type of benefit, 2007–2017

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Cinema attendance set a new record

news release no 69

According to Statistics Estonia, in 2017, cinema attendance set a new record, surpassing 3.5 million visits for the first time. Cinema attendance has doubled in the last ten years. The rising popularity of cinemas can be explained by an increase in the number of cinemas and a wider selection of films as well as by the generally higher living standard.

Distribution and attendance of films distributed in Estonian cinemas by country of origin, 2017

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Employment rate at record high in 2017

Ülle Vannas

In 2017, the unemployment rate was 5.8%, the employment rate 67.5% and the labour force participation rate 71.6%. The labour force participation rate increased by 1.2 percentage points and the employment rate by 1.9 percentage points. The unemployment rate decreased by 1 percentage point. Employment and labour force participation remained high throughout 2017, reaching the highest levels in 20 years. The number of inactive persons continued to decline.

Employment rate and unemployment rate by age group, 2008–2017

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The number of museum visits set a new record last year

news release no 55

Museums continue to be popular in Estonia. According to Statistics Estonia, in 2017, for the first time, there were more than 3.5 million museum visits.

Museum visits by foreign tourists by county, 2017

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Activity in the labour market continued to increase

news release no 54

According to Statistics Estonia, in the 1st quarter of 2018, the unemployment rate was 6.8%, the employment rate 66.6% and the labour force participation rate 71.4%. Compared to the 1st quarter of 2017, economic activity of the population increased mainly due to an increase in unemployment but somewhat also due to an increase in employment.

Labour force participation rate by sex and age group, 1st quarter, 2009 ̶ 2018

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Average monthly gross income per employee increased last year

news release no 52

According to Statistics Estonia, in 2017, the average monthly gross income per employee was 1,155 euros. The gross income increased 7.6% compared to 2016; growth was the fastest (8.6%) in the age group of young people (aged under 25).

Average monthly gross income per employee, 2017

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Narva and other cities on the eastern border of the European Union

Eesti Statistika Kvartalikiri. 1/18. Quarterly Bulletin of Statistics Estonia (p. 56)
Mihkel Servinski, Marika Kivilaid

The survey of European cities provides a great opportunity to compare cities in different European regions. Without the survey, this opportunity would hardly exist. Three Estonian cities participate in the City Statistics survey: Tallinn, Tartu and Narva. In this article, Narva is compared to four cities of a similar size on the eastern border of the European Union.

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Compilation of activity status based on register data

Eesti Statistika Kvartalikiri. 1/18. Quarterly Bulletin of Statistics Estonia (p. 12)
Maret Muusikus, Kristi Lehto

In Estonia, a methodology is being prepared for conducting a register-based population and housing census (REGREL) in 2021. As for census characteristics, the biggest number of databases are used for determining activity status. Estonian Labour Force Survey (LFS) is the best reference source to check the quality of register-based activity status. This article provides an overview of the compilation of activity status and the results of the comparison.

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The question of occupation and source of income in population censuses

Eesti Statistika Kvartalikiri. 1/18. Quarterly Bulletin of Statistics Estonia (p. 43)
Veiko Berendsen

Occupation and source of income is a question asked in every census (and sometimes in sample coverage). The question itself and the purpose of the question have changed many times over the years. The specific occupational title has always been asked, but the results have been published in groups. What is essentially asked, the terminology as well as the grouping have been a constant discussion subject. This continues to be so, because effort is made to match the occupational titles recorded in administrative registers to the internationally and nationally published groups. The article provides an overview on how asking this question has changed throughout censuses and analyses the reasons for these changes.

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Today’s teacher Laur

Eesti Statistika Kvartalikiri. 1/18. Quarterly Bulletin of Statistics Estonia (p. 5)
Marti Lillemägi

Teachers in Estonian general education schools are mostly women and Estonia ranks among the last in Europe in terms of the share of male teachers. However, a balanced education landscape requires both male and female teachers. This article gives an overview of male teachers in Estonia today, the reasons preventing men from choosing a teaching career and potential consequences of the lack of male teachers.

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