Sustainable development

The statistics in the section of sustainable development provide an overview on how Estonia is moving towards the goals of the global sustainable development agenda.

At the UN summit in 2015, the global sustainable development goals were agreed on by adopting the resolution Transforming our world: the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development, which includes 17 global sustainable development goals with 169 targets.

The Commission for Sustainable Development approved the relevant indicators for Estonia in 2017 to monitor progress towards the new goals. The topic of cultural space, which is not one of the global goals, was added as it was considered also important and relevant for Estonia.

Statistics Estonia has released the publication Indicators of Sustainable Development based on the new goals. Monitoring and comparing trends helps to analyse sustainability in Estonia. It is the basis for making decisions important for Estonia as well globally.

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Goal 1: No Poverty
Goal 2: Zero Hunger
Goal 3: Good Health and Well-being
Goal 4: Quality Education
Goal 5: Gender Equality
Goal 6: Clean Water and Sanitation
Goal 7: Affordable and Clean Energy
Goal 8: Decent Work and Economic Growth
Goal 9: Industry, Innovation and Infrastructure
Goal 10: Reduced Inequality
Goal 11: Sustainable Cities and Communities
Goal 12: Responsible Consumption and Production
Goal 13: Climate Action
Goal 14: Life Below Water
Goal 15: Life on Land
Goal 16: Peace and Justice Strong Institutions
Goal 17: Partnerships to achieve the Goal
Viability of Cultural Space

More about sustainable development in Estonia on Government Office dedicated web section.

Eurostat website shows approximately one hundred indicators (incl. 11 main indicators), which can be used track progress towards important sustainable development goals in the European Union as a whole and in each Member State.

The Government Office has prepared the document Review on the Implementation of the 2030 Agenda in Estonia.

Estonia in the light of sustainable development indicators

Eesti Statistika Kvartalikiri. 2/15. Quarterly Bulletin of Statistics Estonia (p. 72)
Kaia Oras, Evelin Enno

Estonia is on a sustainable course if there is progress towards the four main goals: growth of welfare, a coherent society, viability of the cultural space and ecological balance. These are the components of sustainability as defined in the Estonian National Strategy on Sustainable Development. Life in Estonia has improved but this has not been enough to catch up with the leading countries in the European Union. The sustainable development strategy has been implemented for about ten years but there have not been any major changes in Estonia. Even now, based on various indicators, Estonia has more or less the same ranking among the European Union countries as 10 years ago.

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Säästva arengu näitajad. Indicators of Sustainable Development

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What progress has been made towards the four main targets of the Estonian National Strategy on Sustainable Development “Sustainable Estonia 21” (SE21) – growth of welfare, coherent society, viability of the Estonian cultural space and ecological balance? The publication includes 69 indicators of sustainable development that reflect the progress in key domains in Estonia. Under each indicator, there is an analysis of the current situation, an assessment of relevance in the SE21 context, and an overview of the measures defined in current development and action plans. The publication is prepared in cooperation with the Strategy Unit of the Government Office. While the main focus is on sustainable development, the publication provides a good overview of general trends in Estonia.
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Sustainable development indicators are moving towards greater integration

Eesti Statistika Kvartalikiri. 3/12. Quarterly Bulletin of Statistics Estonia (p. 55)
Kaia Oras

The question of how much, why and how humanity is affecting the ecological balance of the planet and what could be done in that respect was raised again at the third United Nations Conference on Sustainable Development, which took place on 20–22 June 2012 (widely known as the Rio+20 conference).

The question facing statistical organisations is how to explain the processes and tendencies related to sustainable development to politicians, scientists and citizens in a simple and understandable manner. At the Rio+20 conference, the UN invited statistical organisations to integrate into official statistics such data that reflect the implementation of the principles of green economy. The UN also plans to establish simple and measurable global goals of sustainable development.

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