Vital events

Population projection shows population decrease is slowing down

news release no 77

According to Statistics Estonia’s population projection, in 2080, there will be approximately 1.2 million people in Estonia. Over the next 60 years, the population of Estonia will decrease by 11%, in the next 25 years, by 35,800 persons, and by 2080, by 145,200 persons.

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In what kind of families are children born?

Eesti Statistika Kvartalikiri. 4/18. Quarterly Bulletin of Statistics Estonia (p. 9)
Kadri Raid, Alis Tammur

This article gives an overview of the results of the data mininga project “In what kind of families are children born?” commissioned by the Ministry of Finance.

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Family formation ‒ from traditional model to multiplicity of choices

Eesti Statistika Kvartalikiri. 3/18. Quarterly Bulletin of Statistics Estonia (p. 4)
Kadri Raid

In the last decades, many family researchers have been fascinated by the changes that have taken place in families. Earlier, a rather similar model was followed to build a family: people got married, had children and stayed married. Today, family life is characterised by an abundance of options as regards planning family events as well as deciding their order of priority, which, in turn, has changed the way families are formed.

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Positive immigration in Estonia for the third consecutive year

Eesti Statistika Kvartalikiri. 2/18. Quarterly Bulletin of Statistics Estonia (p. 12)
Alis Tammur

Estonian population is on the rise. Net external migration has been positive already for three years, and in two of these years, immigration has compensated for the negative natural increase – also population has increased. At the same time, the number of births has not changed significantly, and the number of children per woman is still substantially lower than the replacement level. Ageing continues to be an important process shaping the population.

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Narva and other cities on the eastern border of the European Union

Eesti Statistika Kvartalikiri. 1/18. Quarterly Bulletin of Statistics Estonia (p. 56)
Mihkel Servinski, Marika Kivilaid

The survey of European cities provides a great opportunity to compare cities in different European regions. Without the survey, this opportunity would hardly exist. Three Estonian cities participate in the City Statistics survey: Tallinn, Tartu and Narva. In this article, Narva is compared to four cities of a similar size on the eastern border of the European Union.

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Population

Minifacts about Estonia 2017 (p. 10)

On 1 January 2017, the population of Estonia was 1.32 million, which makes us the fourth smallest country in the European Union after Malta, Luxembourg and Cyprus. The population of Estonia accounts for 0.26% of the total EU population.

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Population

Eesti Statistika Kvartalikiri. 2/17. Quarterly Bulletin of Statistics Estonia (p. 42)
Alis Tammur

In order to understand what is happening in demography, it is important to look at both the population structure (its distribution by sex and age) and the changes taking place: births, deaths and migration. These two sides are interconnected. For example, if the number of women in fertile age decreases in the population, the number of births drops. This article provides an overview of the current demographic situation in Estonia and changes that have occurred in recent years.

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Estonia’s net migration was positive in 2016

news release no 59

According to Statistics Estonia, 14,822 persons immigrated to and 13,792 persons emigrated from Estonia in 2016. Immigration exceeded emigration for the second year. Most of the migrants were Estonian citizens, but their net migration was negative.

Immigration by citizenship, 2016

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Population

Eesti statistika aastaraamat. 2016. Statistical Yearbook of Estonia (p. 55)
Alis Tammur, Helerin Äär, Koit Meres

On 1 January 2016, the population of Estonia was estimated at 1,315,944. Compared to 2015, this was 2,673 persons fewer. In 2015, natural increase was negative, as the number of deaths exceeded the number of births by 1,336. In external migration, immigration exceeded emigration by 2,410 persons. A part of the population increase (1,599) was due to the adoption of a new methodology, which revealed that there are more people living in Estonia than previously thought. The natural increase of Estonians was positive in 2008–2012, but since 2013 this indicator has been negative as well. In 2015, 80 more Estonians died than were born. Among counties, Harju and Tartu counties experienced population growth as a result of migration and positive natural increase. Both the net migration and natural increase were positive in these counties. The number of inhabitants grew the most in Tallinn. In absolute terms, the number of inhabitants dropped the most in Ida-Viru county (by 2,145), while the biggest percentage decline was recorded in Põlva, Valga and Hiiu counties (–1.5...–1.7%). In most counties, population decreased mainly due to migration. Pärnu and Viru counties were the only ones where the population decline due to migration was slightly smaller than the decline resulting from the difference between the number of births and deaths.

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Last year, immigration exceeded emigration for the first time after the restoration of independence in Estonia

news release no 59

According to Statistics Estonia, 15,413 persons immigrated to and 13,003 persons emigrated from Estonia in 2015. Net migration was 2,410 and natural increase -1,336, meaning that immigration compensated for the population decrease which occurred due to negative natural increase.

Diagram: Immigration by citizenship, 2015

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