Births

Birth statistics are analysed to get an idea of the possibilities and problems facing future generations. Fertility rates also have a major impact on the education system and on the labour market and social services offered. The study of birth trends gives valuable insight for improving health and family policies. This enables us to shape a future where the society can meet people’s needs as well as possible, thereby ensuring sustainable development.

The statistics on births focus on families and provide information, such as

  • how many children were in a family when a new child was born;
  • where do families with newborn children live;
  • what characterises parents;
  • what is the marital status of parents.

Birth rates make it possible to compare the number of women in fertile age over time. By analysing longer birth patterns, demographers can draw conclusions on the demographic and economic situation of the country.

Total fertility rate 1.41
-12.4%
Mean age of mother at childbirth 30.9
-0.4%
Mean age of mother at birth of first child 28.6
0.1%
Live births 11,646
-12.3%
incl. boys 6,014
incl. girls 5,632
Twins 168
Triplets 3
Children born to married and consensual union parents | 2003–2022
Live births by birth order | 2014–2023
Live births by ethnic nationality | 2003 – 2022
2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019 2020 2021 2022
All ethnic nationalities 13,036 13,992 14,350 14,877 15,775 16,028 15,763 15,825 14,679 14,056 13,531 13,551 13,907 14,053 13,784 14,367 14,099 13,209 13,272 11,646
Estonians 9,183 9,968 10,236 10,678 11,195 11,578 11,442 11,866 10,809 10,176 9,769 9,719 9,880 9,973 9,996 10,630 10,518 9,861 10,077 8,947

Fertility indicators | 2003 – 2022
2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019 2020 2021 2022
Total fertility rate 1.4 1.5 1.5 1.6 1.7 1.7 1.7 1.7 1.6 1.6 1.5 1.5 1.6 1.6 1.6 1.7 1.7 1.6 1.6 1.4
Mean age of mother at childbirth 27.6 27.8 28.1 28.2 28.4 28.7 28.9 29.2 29.5 29.6 29.5 29.6 29.9 30.2 30.4 30.5 30.6 30.8 31.0 30.9
Mean age of mother at birth of the first child 24.7 24.9 25.1 25.2 25.3 25.7 26.0 26.3 26.4 26.5 26.5 26.6 27.2 27.5 27.7 27.7 28.2 28.2 28.6 28.6

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