Population figure

The population figure shows how many people live in Estonia as at the beginning of the year. The population of Estonia includes citizens, foreign nationals living in Estonia and persons with undetermined citizenship. All persons living in Estonia for at least a year are considered inhabitants.

Population 1,366,491
Population figure as at the beginning of the year | 2004–2023
Population by educational attainment | 2023
Population by native and foreign origin | 2023
Population by citizenship | 2023 – 2023
Estonia EU country (excl. Estonia) Non-EU country Not specified Country unknown
2023 1,128,387 23,015 149,449 64,297 736

Population by ethnic nationality | 2023 – 2023
Estonians 925,892
Russians 306,801
Other ethnic nationalities 122,413
Ethnic nationality unknown 10,778


Population projection shows population decrease is slowing down

According to Statistics Estonia’s population projection, in 2080, there will be approximately 1.2 million people in Estonia. Over the next 60 years, the population of Estonia will decrease by 11%, in the next 25 years, by 35,800 persons, and by 2080, by 145,200 persons.
Read more 20. June 2019

More births and smaller emigration increased the population figure

According to the revised data of Statistics Estonia, 1,324,820 persons lived in Estonia on 1 January 2019, which is 5,687 persons more than at the same time a year earlier. In 2018, the population figure decreased by 1,384 persons due to negative natural change, but increased by 7,071 persons as a result of positive net migration.
Read more 9. May 2019

On 23 February, the phone line of Statistics Estonia’s customer support is open until 12:00 pm. Happy anniversary of the Republic of Estonia!