Population figure

The population figure shows how many people live in Estonia as at the beginning of the year. The population of Estonia includes citizens, foreign nationals living in Estonia and persons with undetermined citizenship. All persons living in Estonia for at least a year are considered inhabitants.

Population 1,357,739
Population figure as at the beginning of the year | 2003–2022
Population by native and foreign origin | 2022
Population by educational attainment | 2022
Population by citizenship | 2022 – 2022
Estonia EU country (excl. Estonia) Non-EU country Not specified Country unknown
2022 1,128,413 21,587 114,523 66,583 690

Population by ethnic nationality | 2022 – 2022
Estonians 919,693
Russians 315,242
Other ethnic nationalities 90,149
Ethnic nationality unknown 6,712


Population projection shows population decrease is slowing down

According to Statistics Estonia’s population projection, in 2080, there will be approximately 1.2 million people in Estonia. Over the next 60 years, the population of Estonia will decrease by 11%, in the next 25 years, by 35,800 persons, and by 2080, by 145,200 persons.
Read more 20. June 2019

More births and smaller emigration increased the population figure

According to the revised data of Statistics Estonia, 1,324,820 persons lived in Estonia on 1 January 2019, which is 5,687 persons more than at the same time a year earlier. In 2018, the population figure decreased by 1,384 persons due to negative natural change, but increased by 7,071 persons as a result of positive net migration.
Read more 9. May 2019