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Agriculture

Agriculture is one of the most traditional economic activities in Estonia. It has provided us with food for millennia. Agriculture continues to be important in Estonia, supplying with food not only Estonia, but also other countries, and providing jobs for many people.

Agricultural statistics give an overview of the situation of agriculture in Estonia by month, quarter and year. Statistics Estonia publishes the following agricultural indicators for Estonia as a whole and for counties:

  • crop farming (areas, production, fertilisation);
  • animal farming (livestock, production, buying-in prices);
  • milk use (production of milk products);
  • organic farming;
  • creation of value from agriculture (production value, costs and value added);
  • sale and rent prices of agricultural land;
  • consumption of agricultural products;
  • labour force and other gainful activities;
  • production methods;
  • sizes and types of agricultural holdings.

Agricultural statistics are used to assess the situation of the sector, monitor production and consumption trends as well as food security.

  • The data of economic accounts for agriculture serve as a basis for national accounts.
  • The statistics of agricultural land prices reflect how direct support paid to agricultural producers affects the price of land.
  • Agricultural production and buying-in prices are used in economic accounts for agriculture.
  • Consumption data reflect national demand and consumption trends.
  • Collecting data on quantities of agricultural production allows assessing the country’s food self-sufficiency.

A major share of agricultural statistics in the European Union are collected using a common methodology. The statistics are used to prepare analyses and development plans and to assess the effectiveness of the EU Common Agricultural Policy.

Agricultural statistics contribute important information for other areas as well. For example, in environmental policy, agricultural indicators are used in the compilation of national greenhouse gas inventories and in reporting under the EU Nitrates Directive and Water Framework Directive as well as under HELCOM Baltic Sea Action Plan.

Utilised agricultural area 986,254 ha
0.1%
2021
Organic crop area 220,796 ha
0.0%
2020
Cereal production 1,632,786 tonnes
0.5%
2020
Potato production 94,414 tonnes
-21.7%
2020
Milk production 207,039 tonnes
-75.6%
2021
Meat production 28,598 tonnes
-75.6%
2021
Egg production 43,586 thousand pcs
-72.6%
2021
Average purchase price of milk 312.8 euro/tonne
0.7%
MAY 2021
Value of agricultural output 974,299.6 thousand euros
-2.3%
2020
Agricultural land and area under crops | 2017 – 2021
Unit: hectares
2017 2018 2019 2020 2021
Utilised agricultural area 981,825 984,671 988,410 985,456 986,254
Arable land 678,788 682,805 689,589 694,394 699,592
Cereals for the production of grain 330,677 350,433 364,364 370,120 367,237
Wheat 169,753 154,579 166,984 168,038 179,988
Common winter wheat 102,449 75,032 115,377 117,951 135,961
Common spring wheat 67,304 79,547 51,607 50,087 44,027
Rye 13,314 10,854 28,901 20,689 11,900
Barley 102,487 138,485 123,378 130,726 121,540
Winter barley 4,193 7,734 17,161 22,439 24,534
Spring barley 98,294 130,752 106,217 108,287 97,006
Oats 33,649 39,653 37,258 41,027 40,104
Spring cereal mixtures 367 611 305 401 335
Triticale 5,829 3,342 5,886 5,944 7,398
Buckwheat 5,278 2,909 1,652 3,293 5,972
Dry pulses 65,562 46,805 42,954 49,535 48,934
Field peas 38,750 29,677 31,835 35,641 33,074
Field beans 26,758 17,079 11,058 13,833 15,812
Other dry pulses 54 49 61 61 48
Potatoes 5,388 5,205 5,336 3,639 3,371
Fodder root crops 70 209 446 270 286
Industrial crops 85,539 79,150 79,096 79,792 85,297
Rape and turnip rape seeds 73,786 72,683 72,411 70,926 78,807
Winter rape and turnip rape seeds 34,806 28,120 51,436 57,312 66,903
Spring rape and turnip rape seeds 38,980 44,563 20,974 13,614 11,904
Linseed (oilfax) 80 53 52 73 198
Hemp 9,845 3,536 4,455 5,161 4,343
Aromatic, medicinal and culinary plants 1,402 2,569 1,639 2,863 1,254
Other industrial crops 426 309 539 769 695
Plants harvested green from arabe land 170,759 180,702 180,220 175,024 178,524
Green maize 9,179 10,548 13,713 13,596 13,044
Cereals and dried pulses harvested green .. 9,626 8,567 5,281 8,279
Other plants harvested green from arable land .. 2,260 2,247 730 2,072

Crop production per inhabitant | 2017 – 2020
Unit: kg
2017 2018 2019 2020
Cereals 996 697 1,226 1,229
Potatoes 69 67 91 71
Vegetables 45 48 67 44

News

Agricultural production in Estonia increased again last year

According to the preliminary data of Statistics Estonia, 847,800 tonnes of milk and 79,900 tonnes of meat were produced in 2020. This is, respectively, 3% and 5% more than the year before. The utilised agricultural area without kitchen gardens increased by 3,000 hectares and totalled 983,000 hectares.
Read more 27. January 2021