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Education

Nowadays it is possible to change one’s career, acquire a new specialty or broaden one’s general knowledge at any point in life. A person’s education starts early on in kindergarten and continues in basic school. Many people study their whole lives. Adults have more learning opportunities than ever before. In addition to universities, one can study in training centres and participate in short courses. There are more and more e-learning programmes, which also makes international education more widely available.

Education statistics provide information on fields of education, educational institutions, education expenditures, students and graduates. Formal education data are obtained from the Estonian Education Information System (EHIS). Data on adult education are collected using internationally coordinated surveys (the Labour Force Survey, Adult Education Survey, Continuing Vocational Training Survey).

From education statistics, it is possible to find out

  • how many different educational institutions there are;
  • how many children go to kindergartens and schools;
  • what is the education level of people living in Estonia;
  • how many foreign students there are;
  • how many children and youth participate in hobby education;
  • how popular is studying among adults;
  • how enterprises contribute to continuing training of employees.

Statistics Estonia publishes education data to be used both in Estonia and internationally. Education statistics and international comparisons of education indicators are a basis for the national education policy. They allow comparing trends in Estonian education policy with those in other countries and using this information for better decision-making.

Persons with higher education 399,279
1.9%
2021
Persons aged 15 and over without education 2,644
1.3%
2021
Children in preschool institutions 66,375
0.1%
2020
Enrolment in formal education 232 thousand
1.6%
2020
Share of participants in adult education 41 %
2016
Persons with higher education | 2021
Enrolment in formal education by type and level of education | 2011 – 2020
Unit: thousand
2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019 2020
Total 237.6 231.9 226.2 222.9 221.9 222.1 223.6 225.9 227.9 231.6
General education 143.0 140.9 140.5 142.5 145.9 149.2 153.3 156.7 158.7 160.8
..basic school level 112.0 112.2 113.6 116.3 120.0 122.9 126.4 129.3 131.1 132.1
..gymnasium level 31.0 28.8 26.9 26.2 25.9 26.2 26.9 27.3 27.6 28.8
Vocational education 27.0 26.2 25.7 25.2 24.9 25.1 24.1 23.4 24.0 25.5
..vocational courses with no previous education requirement 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.8 1.1 1.1 1.2 1.4 1.5
..vocational courses after basic education 16.1 15.1 14.3 14.5 16.4 18.0 18.2 18.3 18.6 19.7
..vocational courses after secondary education 10.6 10.6 11.1 10.2 7.7 6.0 4.8 3.9 4.0 4.3
Higher education 67.6 64.8 60.0 55.2 51.1 47.8 46.2 45.8 45.2 45.3
..professional higher education 20.8 20.2 17.9 15.7 14.2 13.4 12.9 12.6 12.0 11.7
..Bachelor study 26.6 24.5 22.7 20.5 18.9 16.8 16.1 15.8 15.7 16.0
..integrated Bachelor's/Master's study 4.0 3.9 3.7 3.6 3.3 3.3 3.2 3.2 3.2 3.3
..Master's study 13.2 13.1 12.7 12.4 11.8 11.6 11.5 11.8 12.0 12.0
..Doctoral study 3.1 3.0 3.0 2.9 2.8 2.6 2.5 2.4 2.3 2.3

News

The number of students in general education is decreasing

According to Statistics Estonia, the number of students in general education has decreased by nearly 20,000 during the past five years. While the number of students in the first grade will increase in the coming years, the number of students in secondary education will decrease.
Read more 4. May 2012