Wages and salaries and labour costs

For work, people receive pay, or wages and salaries, which is agreed compensation for fulfilling work tasks. In addition to the sum that the employer pays to the employee, the employer pays labour taxes on that sum, which together with the wages constitute labour costs.

Wages are an important source of income, and their main purpose is to cover expenses on dwelling, food, transportation and other basic needs. This is why the law regulates the minimum an employee could be paid for full-time work. The minimum wage is set to protect the well-being of employees.

The statistics on wages and salaries and labour costs provide the following information:

  • what are the average monthly and hourly gross wages in different economic activities;
  • how much the wages differ in counties;
  • whether jobs with higher pay are in the private or public sector;
  • what are hourly wages of employees by occupation, economic activity, level of education, age group, length of employment or type of contract;
  • what are the components of employers’ costs on employees and what is the share of each of these in the total costs;
  • how many vacant posts there are in Estonia, and how many people have changed jobs;
  • how many labour strikes have taken place in Estonia, how long these lasted, and how many people participated;
  • how wide is the gender pay gap in different economic activities.

Statistics on wages and salaries are used to measure labour productivity, observe trends, assess changes in the labour market and make decisions on the national economy.

Median wage 1,553.0 euros
9.1%
Q1 2024
Average monthly gross wages and salaries 1,832 euros
11.4%
Number of occupied posts 594,929
-4.0%
Q4 2023
Number of job vacancies 9,199
-18.5%
Q4 2023
Average monthly gross wages | 1st quarter 2021 – 1st quarter 2024
Unit: euros
1st quarter 2021 2nd quarter 2021 3rd quarter 2021 4th quarter 2021 1st quarter 2022 2nd quarter 2022 3rd quarter 2022 4th quarter 2022 1st quarter 2023 2nd quarter 2023 3rd quarter 2023 4th quarter 2023 1st quarter 2024
Average monthly gross wages (salaries), euros 1,406 1,476 1,463 1,548 1,536 1,666 1,641 1,735 1,741 1,872 1,812 1,904 1,894

Median wage | 1st quarter 2021 – 1st quarter 2024
Unit: euros
1st quarter 2021 2nd quarter 2021 3rd quarter 2021 4th quarter 2021 1st quarter 2022 2nd quarter 2022 3rd quarter 2022 4th quarter 2022 1st quarter 2023 2nd quarter 2023 3rd quarter 2023 4th quarter 2023 1st quarter 2024
Total - all activities 1,158 1,199 1,200 1,270 1,240 1,354 1,349 1,429 1,424 1,524 1,500 1,578 1,553

Average monthly labour cost per employee | 4th quarter 2018 – 4th quarter 2022
Unit: euros
4th quarter 2018 1st quarter 2019 2nd quarter 2019 3rd quarter 2019 4th quarter 2019 1st quarter 2020 2nd quarter 2020 3rd quarter 2020 4th quarter 2020 1st quarter 2021 2nd quarter 2021 3rd quarter 2021 4th quarter 2021 1st quarter 2022 2nd quarter 2022 3rd quarter 2022 4th quarter 2022
Total - all activities 1,855 1,798 1,900 1,870 1,974 1,876 1,815 1,933 2,032 1,960 2,033 2,078 2,179 2,139 2,263 2,247 2,382

News

Average monthly gross wages and salaries were €1,894 in Q1

According to Statistics Estonia, the average monthly gross wages and salaries in the first quarter of 2024 were €1,894, which is 8.8% higher than in the same quarter the year before. The median wages were €1,553 in the first quarter of this year and €1,424 in the same quarter of 2023.
Read more 24. May 2024
News

Gender pay gap has narrowed in a year

According to Statistics Estonia, in 2023, the gross hourly earnings of female employees were 13.1% smaller than the earnings of male employees. The gender pay gap decreased by 4.6 percentage points year on year.
Read more 22. April 2024
News

There were 9,199 job vacancies in the fourth quarter of 2023

According to Statistics Estonia, in the fourth quarter of 2023, there were 9,199 job vacancies in the enterprises, institutions and organisations of Estonia. This is 18.5% less than in the same quarter last year. A little over 7,000 persons left their job at the initiative of the employer.
Read more 11. March 2024

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