Time left until the start of the population and housing census


A country’s greatest wealth is the people who live there. Knowing who make up the country's population tells us also about its past, present and future. Population includes all people living in the country, including foreign nationals and stateless persons. Population indicators show the breakdown of people living in Estonia by sex, age, nationality and educational level as well as where they come from. In Estonia, it is necessary to make sure that future generations will continue to sustain local life.

The main population indicators are the following:

  • population figure as at the beginning of the year;
  • natural increase and net migration;
  • various rates, e.g.
    • fertility rates;
    • death rates;
    • life expectancy;
    • demographic labour pressure index;
    • dependency ratio.

The following data on Estonian residents are included in population statistics:

  • sex;
  • age;
  • area;
  • nationality;
  • education;
  • citizenship;
  • country of birth;
  • native origin;
  • population projection.

Population statistics help to observe changes in the society and allow the state to make smart decisions. Time series analyses can be used to make projections, such as what will the Estonian population be like in 2050 or 2080. Will the population figure increase or decrease? Will Estonia be a country with an ageing population?

Natural increase -2,602
Net migration 3,782
Life expectancy for males 74.4
Life expectancy for females 82.8
Births 13,209
Deaths 15,811
Population density 30.6 inhabitants per km²
Population distribution by ethnic nationalities

The Statistical Council reviewed last year and was briefed on census methodology

Today, on 25 February, the Statistical Council held a meeting where they reviewed last year’s results and commended the production of official statistics, but the Council also acknowledged that the statistical system continues to be underfunded. The Council was briefed on the methodology approved by Statistics Estonia for the Population and Housing Census: namely, a register-based census, which is in accordance with EU regulations, combined with a sample survey to collect data on characteristics not covered by registers.
Read more 25. February 2021