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Industry

Industry is the largest sector of the economy and an important driver of economic growth. Industrial enterprises create many jobs and provide opportunities for other types of business as well.

Industry is a sector of the economy which covers

  • mining and processing natural resources;
  • energy production and manufacture of equipment, machinery and products;
  • processing of agricultural products;
  • processing of manufactured products.

Statistics Estonia collects and publishes economic indicators for three industrial activities – mining, energy production and manufacturing. The mining industry involves mining, quarrying and processing minerals. The energy industry covers the production and supply of electricity, heat and natural gas. In manufacturing, materials, substances and components are made into new finished or semi-finished products, which can be used in further production processes.

The volume and value indices of industrial production show changes in volumes and prices of industrial production over time by economic activities. The indices help to assess the situation of industry in Estonia. More than a half of Estonia’s industrial production is exported. We publish export indices of industrial production (as a total and separately for euro area and non-euro area) and indices for the sales of industrial production on the domestic market.

Statistics Estonia publishes the following data for industrial enterprises:

  • turnover;
  • costs;
  • profits;
  • assets;
  • liabilities;
  • equity;
  • investments;
  • volume of industrial production.

The most important objective of industry statistics is to describe the economic cycle of industry and measure change in the value added of production, which can be used in assessing GDP change. Analyses of industry data allow forecasting crucial changes in the economy, assessing the market situation helps to increase competitiveness of the sector and business efficiency.

Volume index of industrial production, 2015 = 100 110.7
2021 JULY
Volume index of industrial production, corresponding month of previous year = 100 111.1
9.9%
2021 JULY
Industrial turnover index, 2015 = 100 116.7
2021 JULY
Industrial turnover index, corresponding month of previous year = 100 117.1
12.6%
2021 JULY
Industrial export turnover index, 2015 = 100 113.1
2021 JULY
Industrial export turnover index, corresponding month of previous year = 100 113.6
12.3%
2021 JULY
Industrial production at current prices | 2015 - 2019
Share of sales to non-residents in industrial sales by economic activity | 2013 - 2017
Turnover of manufacturing, annual | 2015 – 2019
Unit: thousand euros
2015 2016 2017 2018 2019
Manufacturing 11,649,299 11,881,492 12,474,720 13,224,413 13,786,579
Manufacture of food products 1,553,327 1,533,848 1,676,142 1,719,350 1,855,927
Manufacture of beverages 257,236 256,311 245,952 248,620 258,573
Manufacture of textiles 321,651 324,909 342,633 344,839 349,475
Manufacture of wearing apparel 141,450 179,832 181,173 193,075 197,057
Manufacture of leather and related products 33,060 42,672 42,517 42,945 35,532
Manufacture of wood and of products of wood and cork, except furniture; manufacture of articles of straw and plaiting materials 2,024,779 2,002,169 2,239,162 2,442,278 2,443,599
Manufacture of paper and paper products 221,455 226,484 245,901 266,391 248,230
Printing and reproduction of recorded media 224,885 238,860 242,579 244,300 244,432
Manufacture of coke and refined petroleum products 253,801 224,421 193,732 254,513 304,509
Manufacture of chemicals and chemical products 489,718 452,361 475,737 537,120 521,089
Manufacture of basic pharmaceutical products and pharmaceutical preparations 52,000 55,259 35,326 36,566 41,783
Manufacture of rubber and plastic products 345,408 382,359 416,676 462,700 483,419
Manufacture of other non-metallic mineral products 446,716 482,028 563,303 592,976 638,983
Manufacture of basic metals 84,897 75,065 101,958 82,752 87,274
Manufacture of fabricated metal products, except machinery and equipment 1,117,731 1,155,803 1,299,364 1,322,806 1,448,256
Manufacture of computer, electronic and optical products 1,656,264 1,679,805 1,346,304 1,295,524 1,227,640
Manufacture of electrical equipment 597,911 697,374 749,421 754,361 760,185
Manufacture of machinery and equipment n.e.c. 376,119 367,387 412,482 488,767 568,269
Manufacture of motor vehicles, trailers and semi-trailers 341,229 347,322 405,093 446,916 448,086
Manufacture of other transport equipment 55,658 80,933 88,448 97,987 106,407
Manufacture of furniture 526,764 550,784 563,461 618,265 627,023

Number of enterprises | 2010 – 2019
2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019
Manufacturing 5,468 5,564 5,927 6,381 6,611 7,053 7,259 7,507 7,470 7,787
Manufacture of food products 358 382 405 451 476 552 597 640 642 663
Manufacture of beverages 31 29 34 39 48 62 86 97 109 98
Manufacture of textiles 182 192 209 238 234 267 277 307 304 304
Manufacture of wearing apparel 364 387 407 462 499 529 524 534 515 527
Manufacture of leather and related products 53 51 63 69 70 70 82 82 74 70
Manufacture of wood and of products of wood and cork, except furniture; manufacture of articles of straw and plaiting materials 967 1,000 1,005 1,061 1,084 1,102 1,086 1,097 1,053 1,110
Manufacture of paper and paper products 56 46 56 58 59 61 61 62 63 64
Printing and reproduction of recorded media 316 318 340 368 361 386 378 387 363 371
Manufacture of coke and refined petroleum products 5 5 6 7 5 5 6 4 4 6
Manufacture of chemicals and chemical products 70 67 80 92 97 111 110 126 127 122
Manufacture of basic pharmaceutical products and pharmaceutical preparations 12 12 12 11 12 14 15 14 12 13
Manufacture of rubber and plastic products 147 144 169 202 194 213 223 210 202 210
Manufacture of other non-metallic mineral products 175 194 201 240 227 255 252 262 259 257
Manufacture of basic metals 27 27 25 22 28 29 27 21 19 21
Manufacture of fabricated metal products, except machinery and equipment 970 962 1,079 1,151 1,202 1,223 1,280 1,320 1,335 1,414
Manufacture of computer, electronic and optical products 106 102 101 108 116 114 116 118 115 124
Manufacture of electrical equipment 82 95 101 114 120 131 130 136 139 145
Manufacture of machinery and equipment n.e.c. 128 128 133 148 147 175 184 184 197 195
Manufacture of motor vehicles, trailers and semi-trailers 48 45 60 59 58 68 68 69 72 75
Manufacture of other transport equipment 81 76 76 70 71 81 89 88 85 94
Manufacture of furniture 581 568 608 610 641 704 719 735 742 799

News

Industrial production grew by 10% in July

According to Statistics Estonia, in July 2021, the total production of industrial enterprises increased by 10% year on year. Production increased by 16% in energy production, by 6% in manufacturing and by 72% in mining.
Read more 2. September 2021
News

Industrial enterprises are recovering from the crisis

​Industry is the largest sector of the economy and an important driver of economic growth. The index of industrial production covers the economic indicators of three industrial activities: mining, energy production and manufacturing.

Helle Bunder, analyst at Statistics Estonia, noted that May was the month last year when manufacturing volumes decreased the most due to the coronavirus pandemic. “In connection with the low reference base, manufacturing production has increased by 18.5% year on year,” said Bunder.

Read more 8. July 2021