Health

Each person in Estonia has the right to live in a healthy environment and make healthy choices. The healthier we are, the longer we lead fulfilling lives and the greater is our life expectancy.

Health has a significant impact on coping with everyday life, on the social and economic contribution to a country’s development and overall success of a country. In 1948, the World Health Organization defined ‘health’ as “a state of complete physical, mental and social well-being and not merely the absence of disease or infirmity”. According to the Constitution of Estonia, protection of one’s health is a fundamental right.

Statistics Estonia publishes data on:

  • access to health care;
  • health status;
  • general data of disabled persons, their employment and coping.

Access to health care covers accessibility of family doctors, specialised doctors and dentists. Statistics on illnesses and use of medical assistance show how often people see a doctor in Estonia or how many had a viral infection. Health status indicators provide information on the state of health of people of different ages in Estonia and on disability-free life expectancy. Statistics on disabled persons focus on their employment and coping.

Share of persons aged 16 and over with very good or good health 57.9 %
2022
Share of persons aged 16 and over with neither good nor bad health 29.3 %
2022
Share of persons aged 16 and over with bad or very bad health 12.9 %
2022
Share of persons aged 16 and over with long-term illness 47.1 %
2022
Share of persons aged 16 and over with severe limitations to everyday activities 10.5 %
2022
Disabled persons 133,679
-8.5%
2022
Accessibility of family physicians 97.3 %
2022
Accessibility of specialised doctors 89.3 %
2022
Accessibility of dentists 97.1 %
2022
At-risk-of-poverty and absolute poverty rates by disability, capacity for work and activity limitation | 2020
Employment and unemployment rates by disability, capacity for work and activity limitation | 2021
Work ability assessments by county | 2021

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