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Water

Water is a natural resource without which there would be no life on earth. Clean groundwater is produced over a long period of time and therefore needs to be used sustainably. Human activity affects both the cleanliness and availability of fresh water. Water quality may, for example, be affected by chemical residues from sewage treatment plants and arable land. In the course of production and other activities, pollution of water bodies, surface water and groundwater must be avoided so that clean water remains available.

Water statistics show

  • how much water is consumed in Estonia;
  • how many consumers receive quality drinking water from public water supply;
  • what is the share and volume of treated waste water;
  • the level of organic pollution load of discharges into surface water bodies;
  • how many surface water bodies are in good condition.

Based on water statistics, national water protection programmes can be developed and implemented and legislation can be improved. The data are used to monitor the environmental strategy to ensure good status of surface and groundwater and to keep water bodies in good condition.

Water extraction (incl. mining water) 861.58 million m³
-14.4%
2020
Water use 704,278.6 thousand m³
-15.5%
2020
Share of wastewater with at least secondary treatment 113.5 million m³
2.3%
2020
Share of consumers receiving quality drinking water from public water supply 99.2 %
2020
Share of surface water bodies in at least good overall status 52.0 %
2020
Organic pollution load (BOD7) of wastewater discharged to surface water bodies 893.7 tonnes
-14.9%
2020
Groundwater extraction | 2020
Surface water extraction | 2020

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