Foreign trade

Foreign trade statistics give an overview of the trade in goods and services between Estonia and other countries. The difference between exports and imports is the foreign trade balance of the country. In foreign trade statistics, goods are recorded on the basis of their movement across the Estonian border and services on the basis of purchase and sale transactions of residents and non-residents.

Foreign trade statistics are published at current prices and provide answers to the following questions:

  • what is the total value of foreign trade;
  • what is the value of exported and imported goods and services;
  • how much are goods and services of Estonian origin exported to European Union countries and third countries;
  • to what extent are goods and services purchased from other countries;
  • which countries are Estonia’s main export and import partners;
  • what is the balance of trade in goods.

The main users of foreign trade data are Eesti Pank (Bank of Estonia), Ministry of Economic Affairs and Communications, Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Ministry of Finance, international organisations Eurostat, UN, OECD, IMF and WTO. Foreign trade data are important for monitoring economic developments in the country and planning economic policy. The statistics are also used in the calculation of the GDP and compiling the balance of payments. Enterprises can use the data for market research purposes.

1,695,703,932 euro
MARCH 2023
1,901,683,733 euro
MARCH 2023
Balance of trade in goods -205.98 million euros
MARCH 2023
2,952.3 million euros
2022 Q4
2,187.0 million euros
2022 Q4
Balance of trade in services 765.4 million euros
2022 Q4

Trade with non-EU countries decreased in February

According to Statistics Estonia, in February 2023, Estonia’s exports of goods increased by 2% and imports decreased by 8% compared with February 2022. Exports of goods amounted to 1.5 billion and imports to 1.6 billion euros at current prices. The trade deficit was 103 million euros, down by 167 million euros year on year.
Read more 10. April 2023

Foreign trade in services in surplus last year

According to Statistics Estonia and Eesti Pank, in the fourth quarter of 2022, Estonia’s exports of services grew by 12% and imports by 25% at current prices compared with the fourth quarter in 2021. Services were sold to non-residents for a total of 3 billion and purchased for 2.2 billion euros. The balance of foreign trade in services was therefore in surplus by 765 million euros in the fourth quarter, which is 125 million euros less than in the same period a year earlier. In 2022 as a whole, exports of services grew by 31% and imports by 19%.
Read more 14. March 2023