Forest

Estonia is one of the most forested countries in the world. Forests cover nearly half of the mainland in Estonia. The forests here stand out with an abundance of species, preserved thanks to a large proportion of naturally renewed forests and few alien tree species. Forest areas are important in the carbon cycle, binding carbon from the atmosphere in woody plants and forest soil.

Wood is an increasingly important source of renewable energy, valued raw material and building material. Wood is used to make doors, windows, houses and furniture, which are sold on the domestic market and exported to other countries. 

Forest statistics provide information about

  • the size of Estonia’s forest resources;
  • the annual increment of stands;
  • the area of forest land in Estonia;
  • the share of protected forest land;
  • the annual volume of felling.

Based on forest statistics, it is possible to assess how viable and productive are Estonian forests and how well the state ensures their renewal and preservation.

Gross felling based on national forest inventory (nfi) 12.74 million m³
1.86%
2018
Total area of clear felling based on NFI 34.3 thousand hectares
-3.7%
2018
Carbon storage in wooden biomass on forest land 152.39 million tonnes
-0.23%
2019
Area of forest land 2.33 million ha
0.08%
2019
Total growing stock of stands 481.23 million m³
0.22%
2019
Increment of stand volume per year 7.6 m³/ha
1.3%
2019
Territory covered by forest 51.4 %
2019
Share of strictly protected forests in total forest land area 14 %
2019
Share of felling in net annual increment on managed forest land 11.8 %
2018
Forest resources based on national forest inventory | 2000 - 2019
Share of strictly protected forests in total forest land area | 2001 - 2019
Share of forest annual fellings in net annual increment | 2004 - 2016

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