Labour market

The working-age population is broadly divided into three: employees, i.e. employed persons; unemployed persons and economically inactive persons. The employed and the unemployed together form the economically active population, i.e. the labour force. Active job search is any activity to find a job or start a business. The inactive population includes those who do not want to or cannot work, such as housewives, non-working students, people with disabilities, etc.

Labour market statistics provide an overview of the labour market situation in Estonia, for example:

  • the employment rate;
  • the number of salaried employees and their occupations;
  • how many people work part-time;
  • how many people are unemployed in Estonia;
  • the employment rate of the immigrant population;
  • how many working-age people are economically inactive;
  • educational attainment of the working-age population by economic activity and county.

Labour market statistics are required for planning municipal and state budgets, as well as for preparing national action plans.

Labour participation rate of persons aged 15–74 71.6 %
2019
Employment rate of persons aged 15–74 68.4 %
2019
Unemployment rate of persons aged 15–74 4.4 %
2019
Labour participation rate of persons aged 15–74 70.4 %
2ND QUARTER 2020
Labour status of population aged 15-74 by sex and age group | 2009 - 2019
News

Unemployment rate reached 7.1 percent

According to Statistics Estonia, in the second quarter of 2020, the labour force participation rate was 70.4%, the employment rate was 65.4%, and the unemployment rate was 7.1%. There were 49,400 unemployed persons, which is 14,400 more than in the first quarter.
Read more 14. August 2020
News

In the first quarter, part-time employment increased

According to Statistics Estonia, in the first quarter of 2020, the labour force participation rate in Estonia was 71.7%, the employment rate was 68.1%, and the unemployment rate was 5%. These indicators do not yet reflect the negative impact of the emergency situation on the Estonian labour market.
Read more 15. May 2020
News

Working part-time continues to be popular

According to Statistics Estonia, in 2019, the labour force participation rate was 71.6%, the employment rate was 68.4% and the unemployment rate was 4.4%. The annual average number of persons active in the labour market was 702,600 and persons employed numbered 671,300.
Read more 14. February 2020