Fishing has been an important source of livelihood for people living in coastal Estonia. European sprat and Baltic herring have always been a part of the Estonian diet. Rainbow trout from fish farms has shown up more recently. Fish caught in Estonian waters and processed here reaches also the tables of people living in other countries.
Fishing and aquaculture statistics provide the following information:
- which fish and from which water bodies are caught the most;
- what is the state of spawning stock;
- how are Estonian fish farmers doing;
- how many people are employed in aquaculture and fishing.
Fisheries statistics are used to plan and monitor fishing activities, to manage fish stocks, taking into account the ecosystem, in order to reduce the negative impact of fishing activities and to secure fish stocks for the future.