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Material and energy efficiency

Society has an impact on the environment by extracting resources and energy and generating waste and pollution. It is important to use natural resources sustainably and preserve the environment in order to maintain ecological balance and ensure economic growth.

Recent decades have witnessed a significant technological development, with production becoming more energy and material resource efficient and versatile. Indicators compiled on the basis of material and energy balances can be used to characterise material and energy use and resource efficiency of the economy.

Statistics on material and energy efficiency provide an overview of the following:

  • how skilfully and effectively are resources used in Estonia;
  • how much value added is created per one kilogramme of physical resources used;
  • what is the gross domestic product per unit of energy consumed;
  • how much domestic raw material is used;
  • how much material the economy has consumed;
  • how much domestic raw material is consumed per capita and per unit of area;
  • what is the physical trade balance.

The data are needed to plan national development, develop a sustainable and competitive energy sector, monitor the circular economy action plan and, more broadly, the sustainability of the country.

Domestic material consumption 38.83 million tonnes
-10.1%
2019
Resource productivity 0.64 euro per kg
16.8%
2019
Domestic extraction used per capita 32.1 tonnes
-10.1%
2019
Physical trade balance -3.76 million tonnes
-5.9%
2019
Area intensity, used domestic extraction 0.9 kg/km²
-9.7%
2019
Energy productivity 3.0 euros per kg of oil equivalent
-3.2%
2018
Domestic extraction used | 2010 - 2019
Physical trade balance | 2010 - 2019
Domestic material consumption per capita | 2010 - 2019
Unit: tonnes
2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019
Direct material input per capita 34.39 37.52 37.34 39.08 38.63 37.33 37.41 43.14 46.32 42.42
Domestic material consumption per capita 25.00 26.92 27.00 28.77 28.29 27.06 26.90 30.99 32.66 29.26