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Energy

For warm homes, street lighting or to drive cars we need energy, which can be obtained from renewable and non-renewable sources. Energy is an area of the national economy, research and technology, covering energy production, conversion, transfer and use. Energy statistics give an overview of the production and consumption of energy by month and year as well as information about the prices of electricity, natural gas and fuels.

To produce energy statistics, Statistics Estonia collects the following data:

  • production volumes by type of energy;
  • energy consumption volumes of household and industrial clients;
  • stocks of energy products, imports and exports.

In Estonia, a large share of energy is still produced from non-renewable resources such as oil shale. At the same time, renewable energy is receiving more attention in the world and in Estonia – it is necessary to make sure that natural resources are preserved for future generations as well. A gradual transition to renewable energy is important for economic progress in the future. Statistics Estonia publishes annual energy efficiency indicators, which allow assessments of the share of renewable energy and energy savings.

Production of electricity 425.0 GWh
29.6%
MAY 2021
Energy dependency rate 0.7 %
2018
Share of renewable energy in gross final energy consumption 31.9 %
6.3%
2019
Electricity generated from renewable energy sources 22.0 %
2019
Production of primary energy 651.0 GWh
-13.1%
2018
Domestic consumption 9,685.0 GWh
1.6%
2018
Energy efficiency indicators | 2011 - 2019
Electricity generated from renewable energy sources | 2011 - 2019
Change in electricity production (same month of previous year = 100) | June 2001 - May 2021
Average cost of fuels and energy consumed by enterprises | 2014 – 2019
2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019
Hard coal 65 .. .. 78 84 76
Oil shale 15 15 13 13 13 14
Sod peat 40 39 41 34 42 41
Peat briquettes 98 .. .. .. .. ..
Fuelwood 27 25 25 26 38 42
Wood chips 12 11 12 11 11 13
Wood waste 11 8 11 7 12 9
Natural gas 373 335 262 290 325 328
Fuel oil 454 437 340 401 468 477
Shale oil (heavy fraction) 439 283 287 336 382 381
Light fuel oil 687 550 487 601 587 573
Diesel 1,039 866 957 1,033 1,051 1,075
Motor gasoline 1,290 1,188 1,143 1,254 1,278 1,295
Electricity 83 82 79 77 77 77
Heat 60 56 54 57 65 64