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Energy

For warm homes, street lighting or to drive cars we need energy, which can be obtained from renewable and non-renewable sources. Energy is an area of the national economy, research and technology, covering energy production, conversion, transfer and use. Energy statistics give an overview of the production and consumption of energy by month and year as well as information about the prices of electricity, natural gas and fuels.

To produce energy statistics, Statistics Estonia collects the following data:

  • production volumes by type of energy;
  • energy consumption volumes of household and industrial clients;
  • stocks of energy products, imports and exports.

In Estonia, a large share of energy is still produced from non-renewable resources such as oil shale. At the same time, renewable energy is receiving more attention in the world and in Estonia – it is necessary to make sure that natural resources are preserved for future generations as well. A gradual transition to renewable energy is important for economic progress in the future. Statistics Estonia publishes annual energy efficiency indicators, which allow assessments of the share of renewable energy and energy savings.

Production of electricity 486.0 GWh
-21.5%
AUGUST 2021
Energy dependency rate 4.8 %
2019
Share of renewable energy in gross final energy consumption 31.9 %
6.3%
2019
Electricity generated from renewable energy sources 22.0 %
2019
Production of primary energy 651.0 GWh
-13.1%
2018
Domestic consumption 9,685.0 GWh
1.6%
2018
Energy efficiency indicators | 2012 - 2019
Electricity generated from renewable energy sources | 2012 - 2020
Change in electricity production (same month of previous year = 100) | September 2001 - August 2021
Average cost of fuels and energy consumed by enterprises | 2009 – 2020
2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019 2020
Coal, euros/ton .. .. .. .. 88 65 .. .. 78 84 76 84
Oil shale, euros/ton .. .. .. .. .. .. 15 13 13 13 14 15
Sod peat, euros/ton .. .. .. .. .. .. 39 41 34 42 41 54
Peat-briquette, euros/ton 97 102 101 101 125 98 .. .. .. .. .. ..
Firewood, euros/m³ sol vol .. .. .. .. .. .. 25 25 26 38 42 38
Wood chips, euros/m³ .. .. .. .. .. .. 11 12 11 11 13 12
Wood waste, euros/m³ .. .. .. .. .. .. 8 11 7 12 9 11
Natural gas, euros/1000 m³ .. .. .. .. .. .. 335 262 290 325 328 262
Heavy fuel oil, euros/ton .. .. .. .. .. .. 437 340 401 468 477 359
Shale oil, euros/ton .. .. .. .. .. .. 283 287 336 382 381 326
Light fuel oil, euros/ton .. .. .. .. .. .. 550 487 601 587 573 425
Diesel, euros/ton .. .. .. .. .. .. 866 957 1,033 1,051 1,075 951
Motor gasoline, euros/ton .. .. .. .. .. .. 1,188 1,143 1,254 1,278 1,295 1,318
Electricity, euros/MWh .. .. .. .. .. .. 82 79 77 77 77 76
Heat, euros/MWh .. .. .. .. .. .. 56 54 57 65 64 58