For warm homes, street lighting or to drive cars we need energy, which can be obtained from renewable and non-renewable sources. Energy is an area of the national economy, research and technology, covering energy production, conversion, transfer and use. Energy statistics give an overview of the production and consumption of energy by month and year as well as information about the prices of electricity, natural gas and fuels.
To produce energy statistics, Statistics Estonia collects the following data:
- production volumes by type of energy;
- energy consumption volumes of household and industrial clients;
- stocks of energy products, imports and exports.
In Estonia, a large share of energy is still produced from non-renewable resources such as oil shale. At the same time, renewable energy is receiving more attention in the world and in Estonia – it is necessary to make sure that natural resources are preserved for future generations as well. A gradual transition to renewable energy is important for economic progress in the future. Statistics Estonia publishes annual energy efficiency indicators, which allow assessments of the share of renewable energy and energy savings.