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Climate

Climate change is considered to be one of the greatest challenges facing mankind. It is believed to be caused by greenhouse gas emissions from human activities. Climate change can be mitigated by ecosystems, such as forests, water bodies and bogs that absorb carbon dioxide emitted into the air.

Climate statistics provide an overview of greenhouse gas emissions in Estonia. The data help us see what precisely causes greenhouse gas emissions. 

Climate statistics provide information on

  • greenhouse gas emissions per GDP and per capita;
  • greenhouse gas emissions from the energy sector;
  • emissions of carbon dioxide, methane and nitrous oxide;
  • how much carbon dioxide is bound by ecosystems.

Data on greenhouse gas emissions help to predict climate change and implement national adaptation measures.

Greenhouse gas emissions 15.1 CO₂ equivalent tonnes
-4.9%
2018
Greenhouse gas emissions per euro of GDP 0.8 kg
-8.5%
2018
Greenhouse gas emissions from energy sector 13.8 million CO₂-equivalent tonnes
-6.2%
2018
Greenhouse gas emissions from transport sector 2.4 milliom CO₂-equivalent tonnes
-0.9%
2018
Carbon dioxide emissions 17.7 million tonnes
2018
Removal of carbon dioxide by ecosystems -2.34 million euros
2018
Methane emissions 44.7 thousand tonnes
2018
Nitrous oxide emissions 3.1 thousand tonnes
2018
Greenhouse gas emissions per euro of GDP | 2010 - 2018
Total emission of greenhouse gases per capita | 2010 - 2018
Emissions of CO2 (excl. emissions from biomass) | 2010 – 2018
Unit: thousand tonnes
2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018
Agriculture, forestry and fishing 137 158 237 213 143 151 187 186 215
Manufacturing 1,319 1,720 1,765 1,955 2,393 2,274 1,649 1,845 1,759
Electricity, gas, steam and air conditioning supply 14,355 13,951 12,719 14,425 13,359 10,336 12,861 13,866 13,062
Land transport and transport via pipelines 1,039 876 763 1,026 849 738 768 790 766
Water transport 714 477 699 616 664 644 671 607 607
Air transport 86 108 130 96 102 140 39 37 27
Households total 911 1,149 888 891 1,054 1,344 1,193 1,221 1,246

CO₂ from biomass | 2010 – 2018
Unit: thousand tonnes
2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018
Manufacturing 506 628 580 551 561 668 787 711 1,546
Electricity, gas, steam and air conditioning supply 1,270 1,437 1,393 1,386 1,420 1,527 1,821 2,378 1,897
Households total 2,013 1,597 1,769 1,737 1,693 1,648 2,006 1,869 1,073

Emissions of greenhouse gases | 2010 – 2018
Unit: thousand CO₂-equivalent tonnes
2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018
Agriculture, forestry and fishing 4,862 5,003 3,814 4,578 4,849 5,330 6,746 5,025 5,674
Manufacturing 39,786 43,016 38,423 39,410 43,577 43,431 48,015 49,337 51,356
Electricity, gas, steam and air conditioning supply 144 150 135 137 143 156 186 120 133
Households total 20,799 21,591 29,758 32,465 33,768 36,002 37,313 38,562 37,017

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