Climate

Climate change is considered to be one of the greatest challenges facing mankind. It is believed to be caused by greenhouse gas emissions from human activities. Climate change can be mitigated by ecosystems, such as forests, water bodies and bogs that absorb carbon dioxide emitted into the air.

Climate statistics provide an overview of greenhouse gas emissions in Estonia. The data help us see what precisely causes greenhouse gas emissions. 

Climate statistics provide information on

  • greenhouse gas emissions per GDP and per capita;
  • greenhouse gas emissions from the energy sector;
  • emissions of carbon dioxide, methane and nitrous oxide;
  • how much carbon dioxide is bound by ecosystems.

Data on greenhouse gas emissions help to predict climate change and implement national adaptation measures.

Greenhouse gas emissions 8.7 CO₂ equivalent tonnes
-20.9%
2020
Greenhouse gas emissions per euro of GDP 0.5 kg
-20.0%
2020
Net emissions of greenhouse gases (including LULUCF, i.e. the land use, land use change and forestry sector) 12.9 million CO₂-equivalent tonnes
-10.1%
2020
Greenhouse gas emissions from transport sector 2,232.5 million CO₂-equivalent tonnes
-7.0%
2020
Carbon dioxide emissions 9.3 million tonnes
2020
Removal of carbon dioxide by ecosystems 0.93 million euros
2020
Methane emissions 43.8 thousand tonnes
2020
Nitrous oxide emissions 3.1 thousand tonnes
2020
Greenhouse gas emissions per euro of GDP | 2011–2020
Total emission of greenhouse gases per capita | 2012–2020
Emissions of CO₂ (excl. emissions from biomass) | 2012 – 2020
Unit: thousand tonnes
2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019 2020
Agriculture, forestry and fishing 332 364 223 210 192 222 235 214 174
Manufacturing 1,794 2,014 2,448 2,306 1,708 1,928 2,098 2,386 1,761
Electricity, gas, steam and air conditioning supply 12,766 14,453 13,370 10,342 13,000 13,941 12,819 7,050 4,772
Land transport and transport via pipelines 763 1,027 850 739 771 865 888 862 818
Water transport 790 900 668 551 404 448 344 260 292
Air transport 130 96 102 140 39 64 35 34 11
Households total 887 891 1,048 1,336 1,199 1,122 1,115 1,104 984

CO₂ from biomass | 2012 – 2020
Unit: thousand tonnes
2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019 2020
Manufacturing 471 474 471 562 611 581 640 737 735
Electricity, gas, steam and air conditioning supply 1,131 1,193 1,190 1,288 1,417 1,943 1,965 2,439 2,301
Households total 2,186 2,052 2,052 2,031 2,157 2,021 2,378 1,911 2,493

Emissions of greenhouse gases | 2012 – 2020
Unit: CO₂-equivalent tonnes
2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019 2020
Agriculture, forestry and fishing 3,814 4,578 4,849 5,330 6,743 5,026 5,703 7,044 5,725
Manufacturing 38,422 39,402 43,583 43,435 47,185 49,251 51,407 50,866 31,754
Electricity, gas, steam and air conditioning supply 135 137 143 156 186 120 134 131 130
Households total 29,774 32,493 33,777 36,019 37,318 38,583 37,160 34,262 27,878

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