Climate

Climate change is considered to be one of the greatest challenges facing mankind. It is believed to be caused by greenhouse gas emissions from human activities. Climate change can be mitigated by ecosystems, such as forests, water bodies and bogs that absorb carbon dioxide emitted into the air.

Climate statistics provide an overview of greenhouse gas emissions in Estonia. The data help us see what precisely causes greenhouse gas emissions. 

Climate statistics provide information on

  • greenhouse gas emissions per GDP and per capita;
  • greenhouse gas emissions from the energy sector;
  • emissions of carbon dioxide, methane and nitrous oxide;
  • how much carbon dioxide is bound by ecosystems.

Data on greenhouse gas emissions help to predict climate change and implement national adaptation measures.

Greenhouse gas emissions 11.1 CO₂ equivalent tonnes
-27.5%
2019
Greenhouse gas emissions per euro of GDP 0.6 kg
-30.2%
2019
Net emissions of greenhouse gases (including LULUCF, i.e. the land use, land use change and forestry sector) 12.9 million CO₂-equivalent tonnes
-10.1%
2020
Greenhouse gas emissions from transport sector 2,232.5 million CO₂-equivalent tonnes
-7.0%
2020
Carbon dioxide emissions 12.4 million tonnes
2019
Removal of carbon dioxide by ecosystems -0.72 million euros
2019
Methane emissions 44.6 thousand tonnes
2019
Nitrous oxide emissions 3.3 thousand tonnes
2019
Greenhouse gas emissions per euro of GDP | 2011–2019
Total emission of greenhouse gases per capita | 2011–2019
Emissions of CO₂ (excl. emissions from biomass) | 2011 – 2019
Unit: thousand tonnes
2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019
Agriculture, forestry and fishing 178 306 331 196 188 195 213 231 227
Manufacturing 1,774 1,803 2,025 2,451 2,306 1,707 1,937 1,788 2,135
Electricity, gas, steam and air conditioning supply 14,038 12,780 14,459 13,371 10,342 12,997 13,951 12,942 7,081
Land transport and transport via pipelines 879 766 1,029 855 742 774 864 869 894
Water transport 463 982 1,127 913 818 679 636 600 448
Air transport 108 130 96 102 140 39 64 35 34
Households total 1,152 893 895 1,057 1,343 1,206 1,128 1,124 1,104

CO₂ from biomass | 2011 – 2019
Unit: thousand tonnes
2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019
Manufacturing 631 585 557 566 673 710 651 1,324 737
Electricity, gas, steam and air conditioning supply 1,446 1,407 1,400 1,431 1,539 1,646 2,177 1,017 2,439
Households total 1,607 1,786 1,755 1,707 1,661 1,812 1,710 2,490 1,924

Emissions of greenhouse gases | 2011 – 2019
Unit: CO₂-equivalent tonnes
2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019
Agriculture, forestry and fishing 5,003 3,814 4,578 4,849 5,330 6,743 5,026 5,701 7,037
Manufacturing 43,018 38,423 39,402 43,583 43,435 47,185 49,249 51,402 50,103
Electricity, gas, steam and air conditioning supply 150 135 137 143 156 186 120 134 131
Households total 21,590 29,759 32,473 33,762 35,997 37,294 38,567 37,128 34,219

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