3. Good Health and Well-being

The focus of the global goal “Good Health and Well-being” is the quality of health, which has the most direct impact on people’s well-being. Important issues include how to
improve sexual health, ensure the health of mothers and infants, prevent communicable diseases and ensure accessibility of safe, quality and affordable health care.

Disease awareness must be increased and more attention must be paid to prevention. Addictions, including drug abuse and smoking must be prevented and treated more than previously. Reduction in the number of road traffic accidents is emphasised.

The Estonian sustainable development strategy emphasises the need to achieve a longer life, reduce illness, change behaviours and ensure safety. 

The global goal “Ensure healthy lives and promote well-being for all at all ages” is linked in Estonia to the following indicators of life expectancy, health, and tobacco and alcohol consumption:

  • Life expectancy
  • Healthy life years
  • Overweight and obesity
  • Fatal accidents, poisonings and injuries
  • Avoidable mortality
  • Deaths due to chronic diseases
  • Incidence of communicable diseases
  • Suicides
  • Mental and behavioural disorders
  • Consumption of alcohol
  • Consumption of tobacco
Life expectancy 78.8
-0.1%
2020
Healthy life years 57.5
2.9%
2020
Share of overweight or obese population 52.0 %
2020
Number of persons who have died due to accidents, poisoning or physical trauma per 100,000 residents 70.3
-1.0%
2021
Amenable deaths 2,418.0
2021
Number of suicides per 100,000 inhabitants 13.9
2021
Deaths due to chronic diseases per 100,000 persons aged under 65 135
2019
New cases of HIV per 100,000 inhabitants 9.4
-15.3%
2021
Consumption of alcohol per capita of population aged 15 and over 11.1 litres of 100% alcohol
2.8%
2021