Gender pay gap

Gender pay gap refers to the difference in average gross hourly wages and salaries of male and female employees by economic activity. It is calculated as gross hourly wages and salaries of male employees, less gross hourly wages and salaries of female employees, divided by gross hourly wages and salaries of male employees.

All economically active enterprises, institutions and organisations with at least one employee are taken into account.

17.7 %
2022
Average gross hourly wages and salaries of males 10.0 euros
9.9%
2021
Average gross hourly wages and salaries of females 8.5 euros
10.4%
2021
Gender pay gap by economic activity | 2011 – 2021
Unit: euros
2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019 2020 2021
Gross hourly wages and salaries of males 5.7 5.7 6.1 6.4 7.0 7.6 7.9 7.9 8.6 9.1 10.0
Gross hourly wages and salaries of females 4.4 4.3 4.6 4.9 5.4 6.0 6.3 6.5 7.1 7.7 8.5

Wages and salaries gap | 2015 – 2022
Unit: %
2015 2016 2017 2018 2019 2020 2021 2022
Wages and salaries gap 22.2 20.9 20.9 18.0 17.1 15.6 14.9 17.7

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