Government finance

General government finance statistics cast light on the use of state funds.

In Estonia, the general government sector is divided into three:

  1. central government comprising state budget units and extra-budgetary funds, foundations and legal entities governed by public law;
  2. local governments, i.e. city and rural municipality administrations with their subsidiary units;
  3. social security funds: Estonian Health Insurance Fund and Estonian Unemployment Insurance Fund.

General government finance statistics cover general government financial indicators, such as tax receipts, general government revenue, expenditure and debt.

The statistics provide information on:

  • how much taxes are paid into the state budget and local budgets;
  • what is the budget surplus and deficit of the central government, local governments and social insurance funds;
  • how much the general government has borrowed and how much of this is external debt.

Both public institutions and enterprises need finance statistics. The data are mainly used for making projections and operational planning. Changes in tax receipts also reflect what is happening in the economy in general.

State budget tax revenues 2.73 billion euros
8.4%
1ST QUARTER 2024
Local budgets' tax revenues 456.4 million euros
2.6%
1ST QUARTER 2024
General government consolidated surplus/deficit -701.1 million euros
-140.0%
4TH QUARTER 2023
Central government surplus/deficit -1,289.4 million euros
-218.0%
Local government surplus/deficit -170.1 million euros
-62.3%
Surplus/deficit of social security funds 180.5 million euros
11.6%
General government consolidated debt 7.37 billion euros
8.6%
4TH QUARTER 2023
Share of general government consolidated debt in GDP 19.6 %
General government consolidated foreign debt 5.7 billion euros
7.1%
4TH QUARTER 2023
State budget tax revenues | 2014–2023
Share of general government consolidated debt in GDP | 19 – 23
19 20 21 22 23
General government consolidated debt, million euros 2,373.4 5,094.4 5,533.5 6,657.4 7,374.6
Share of general government consolidated debt in gross domestic product, % 8.5 18.6 17.8 18.5 19.6

News

General government deficit and debt increased last year

According to the preliminary* data of Statistics Estonia, in 2023, the Estonian general government deficit was 3.4% and the debt level was 19.6% of the gross domestic product (GDP). At the end of last year, the total expenditures of the general government exceeded revenues by 1.3 billion euros.
Read more 25. March 2024