2. Zero Hunger
The focus of the global goal “Zero Hunger” is food and access to food. The goal is to end hunger by 2030, and therefore, the emphasis is on food sufficiency and quality of food that would meet the nutritional needs of the poor and the vulnerable groups.
For ending hunger and ensuring adequate nutrition, the 2030 Agenda lays down measures to double agricultural productivity in order to increase food production and reduce food waste. An important goal is to develop crops that are resistant to climate change and improve soil quality. It is essential to maintain the genetic diversity of local plant and animal species.
The Estonian sustainable development strategy emphasises the importance of preserving and developing traditional land use practices (fields, pastures, forest) for achieving ecological balance.
The global goal “End hunger, achieve food security and improved nutrition and promote sustainable agriculture” is linked in Estonia to the following indicators of sustainable and environmentally sound agriculture:
- Agricultural productivity
- Organic agricultural area
- Organic production
- Sales of pesticides
- Use of fertilisers