Foreign trade

Foreign trade statistics give an overview of the trade in goods and services between Estonia and other countries. The difference between exports and imports is the foreign trade balance of the country. In foreign trade statistics, goods are recorded on the basis of their movement across the Estonian border and services on the basis of purchase and sale transactions of residents and non-residents.

Foreign trade statistics are published at current prices and provide answers to the following questions:

  • what is the total value of foreign trade;
  • what is the value of exported and imported goods and services;
  • how much are goods and services of Estonian origin exported to European Union countries and third countries;
  • to what extent are goods and services purchased from other countries;
  • which countries are Estonia’s main export and import partners;
  • what is the balance of trade in goods.

The main users of foreign trade data are Eesti Pank (Bank of Estonia), Ministry of Economic Affairs and Communications, Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Ministry of Finance, international organisations Eurostat, UN, OECD, IMF and WTO. Foreign trade data are important for monitoring economic developments in the country and planning economic policy. The statistics are also used in the calculation of the GDP and compiling the balance of payments. Enterprises can use the data for market research purposes.

1,345,010,309 euro
1,546,770,998 euro
Balance of trade in goods -215.84 million euros
MARCH 2024
3,059.9 million euros
2,344.2 million euros
Balance of trade in services 715.6 million euros

Trade in goods with EU countries decreased the most in March

According to Statistics Estonia, in March 2024, exports of goods decreased by 16% and imports by 15% compared with March 2023. Exports of goods amounted to about 1.5 billion and imports to 1.7 billion euros at current prices. The trade deficit was 216 million euros, which is 14 million euros less than in March last year.
Read more 10. May 2024

Last year, Estonia's exports per capita were below the EU average

In 2023, Estonia’s exports of goods amounted to €18.2 billion and imports to €21.2 billion at current prices. Exports decreased by 16% and imports by 17% compared with 2022. The trade deficit reached €3 billion. Jane Leppmets, an analyst at Statistics Estonia, writes on 2023 trends in foreign trade of goods.
Read more 29. April 2024