Waste and circular economy

The world produces more than it can consume. The ever-increasing amount of waste is causing problems everywhere. Also items that can be reused or recycled reach landfills. Landfilling of hazardous waste affects the quality of soil, drinking water and air. To save natural resources and the environment, more attention should be paid to the correct sorting, reduction and reuse of waste and various materials.

Waste statistics tell us

  • how much garbage is generated in Estonia every year;
  • how much waste is stored in landfills;
  • how much waste is reused;
  • how much waste is used for energy production;
  • how much municipal waste is generated per capita.

Waste statistics are needed for the organisation of waste management and development in Estonia. An overview of waste use helps to increase environmental awareness.

Waste generation 19.36 million tonnes
16.0%
2021
Generation of hazardous waste 1.59 million tonnes
-5.0%
2021
Landfilling of waste 6.52 million tonnes
8.8%
2021
Waste incineration with energy recovery 387.0 thousand tonnes
2021
Waste recovery 13.40 million tonnes
27.3%
2021
Generation of municipal waste 525 thousand tonnes
3.1%
2021
Generation of municipal waste per capita 395.0 kg
3.1%
2021
Recycling of municipal waste 30.4 %
2021
Recovery rate of hazardous waste 38.8 thousand tonnes
2020
Waste generation | 2013–2021
Generation of municipal waste per capita | 2013–2021
Landfill of waste | 2013–2021
Waste management | 2013 – 2021
Unit: thousand tonnes
2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019 2020 2021
Recycling of waste 11,693 8,059 9,390 7,834 9,606 9,547 9,688 10,528 13,404

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