Energy

For warm homes, street lighting or to drive cars we need energy, which can be obtained from renewable and non-renewable sources. Energy is an area of the national economy, research and technology, covering energy production, conversion, transfer and use. Energy statistics give an overview of the production and consumption of energy by month and year as well as information about the prices of electricity, natural gas and fuels.

To produce energy statistics, Statistics Estonia collects the following data:

  • production volumes by type of energy;
  • energy consumption volumes of household and industrial clients;
  • stocks of energy products, imports and exports.

In Estonia, a large share of energy is still produced from non-renewable resources such as oil shale. At the same time, renewable energy is receiving more attention in the world and in Estonia – it is necessary to make sure that natural resources are preserved for future generations as well. A gradual transition to renewable energy is important for economic progress in the future. Statistics Estonia publishes annual energy efficiency indicators, which allow assessments of the share of renewable energy and energy savings.

Production of electricity 754.1 GWh
-1.0%
NOVEMBER 2022
Energy dependency rate 10.5 %
2020
Share of renewable energy in gross final energy consumption 30.1 %
2020
Electricity generated from renewable energy sources 28.3 %
2020
Production of primary energy 184,532 TJ
0.3%
2021
Actual final consumption 116,836 TJ
2.4%
2021
Energy efficiency indicators | 2013–2021
Electricity generated from renewable energy sources | 2013–2021
Change in electricity production (same month of previous year = 100) | January 2003 – November 2022
Average cost of fuels and energy consumed by enterprises | 2016 – 2021
2016 2017 2018 2019 2020 2021
Coal, euros/ton .. 78.14 84.13 75.83 83.90 101.16
Oil shale, euros/ton 12.76 12.79 13.01 14.26 14.53 17.02
Sod peat, euros/ton 40.67 34.01 41.93 40.78 54.23 43.93
Peat-briquette, euros/ton .. .. .. .. .. ..
Firewood, euros/m³ sol vol 24.72 26.12 37.76 41.96 38.25 40.53
Wood chips, euros/m³ 12.17 11.23 11.31 13.47 12.34 11.63
Wood waste, euros/m³ 10.67 7.24 11.95 9.25 11.42 8.93
Natural gas, euros/1000 m³ 261.65 289.77 325.45 328.09 262.42 422.69
Heavy fuel oil, euros/ton 340.38 400.87 467.62 477.19 358.51 512.71
Shale oil, euros/ton 286.82 336.38 381.70 381.20 326.49 467.36
Light fuel oil, euros/ton 487.41 601.28 586.91 572.97 425.02 495.92
Diesel, euros/ton 957.19 1,032.75 1,051.39 1,074.62 950.52 1,062.79
Motor gasoline, euros/ton 1,142.90 1,253.78 1,278.40 1,295.21 1,318.35 1,402.62
Electricity, euros/MWh 79.00 76.51 76.69 77.12 75.83 91.01
Heat, euros/MWh 53.75 57.12 65.01 64.26 57.72 60.73