13. Climate Action

The focus of the global goal “Climate Action” is to mitigating the impact from climate change and adapting to it. The average global temperature continues to rise and global sea ice is shrinking. This causes floods and natural disasters to occur more often and increases the risk of species extinction.

The 2030 Agenda lays down the target to mitigate climate change as well as adapt to it. Political programmes and strategies must include these topics. It is necessary to raise awareness about climate change, capacity to mitigate it and adjust to it, reduce its impact and provide early warning. On a global level, it is important to adhere to the Paris Agreement on Climate Change. 

The Estonian sustainable development strategy emphasises the need to reduce greenhouse gases and improve air quality.

The global goal “Take urgent action to combat climate change and its impacts” is linked in Estonia with the following indicators of reducing greenhouse gases:

  • Greenhouse gas emissions
  • Greenhouse gas emissions from the energy sector
  • Greenhouse gas emissions from the transport sector
Emissions of greenhouse gases per euro of GDP 0.54 kg
Kasvuhoonegaaside heitkogus inimese kohta 10.34 kg
Net emissions of greenhouse gases (including LULUCF, i.e. the land use, land use change and forestry sector) 14.29 million CO2-equivalent tonnes
Emissions of greenhouse gases from transport sector 2,644.6 thousand CO2-equivalent tonnes