Industry

Industry is the largest sector of the economy and an important driver of economic growth. Industrial enterprises create many jobs and provide opportunities for other types of business as well.

Industry is a sector of the economy which covers

  • mining and processing natural resources;
  • energy production and manufacture of equipment, machinery and products;
  • processing of agricultural products;
  • processing of manufactured products.

Statistics Estonia collects and publishes economic indicators for three industrial activities – mining, energy production and manufacturing. The mining industry involves mining, quarrying and processing minerals. The energy industry covers the production and supply of electricity, heat and natural gas. In manufacturing, materials, substances and components are made into new finished or semi-finished products, which can be used in further production processes.

The volume and value indices of industrial production show changes in volumes and prices of industrial production over time by economic activities. The indices help to assess the situation of industry in Estonia. More than a half of Estonia’s industrial production is exported. We publish export indices of industrial production (as a total and separately for euro area and non-euro area) and indices for the sales of industrial production on the domestic market.

Statistics Estonia publishes the following data for industrial enterprises:

  • turnover;
  • costs;
  • profits;
  • assets;
  • liabilities;
  • equity;
  • investments;
  • volume of industrial production.

The most important objective of industry statistics is to describe the economic cycle of industry and measure change in the value added of production, which can be used in assessing GDP change. Analyses of industry data allow forecasting crucial changes in the economy, assessing the market situation helps to increase competitiveness of the sector and business efficiency.

Volume index of industrial production, 2015 = 100 119.5
2022 NOVEMBER
Volume index of industrial production, corresponding month of previous year = 100 117.8
-12.2%
2022 NOVEMBER
Industrial turnover index, 2015 = 100 158.8
2022 NOVEMBER
Industrial turnover index, corresponding month of previous year = 100 156.4
-1.6%
2022 NOVEMBER
Industrial export turnover index, 2015 = 100 148.8
2022 NOVEMBER
Industrial export turnover index, corresponding month of previous year = 100 146.3
-3.7%
2022 NOVEMBER
Industrial production at current prices | 2016–2020
Industrial sales total and industrial sales to non-residents | 2016–2020
Turnover of manufacturing, annual | 2017 – 2021
Unit: thousand euros
2017 2018 2019 2020 2021
Manufacturing 12,474,720 13,224,413 13,786,579 13,326,795 16,057,913
Manufacture of food products 1,676,142 1,719,350 1,855,927 1,882,500 2,037,563
Manufacture of beverages 245,952 248,620 258,573 254,478 276,952
Manufacture of textiles 342,633 344,839 349,475 353,200 366,159
Manufacture of wearing apparel 181,173 193,075 197,057 175,621 184,634
Manufacture of leather and related products 42,517 42,945 35,532 31,642 28,095
Manufacture of wood and of products of wood and cork, except furniture; manufacture of articles of straw and plaiting materials 2,239,162 2,442,278 2,443,599 2,548,535 3,731,901
Manufacture of paper and paper products 245,901 266,391 248,230 222,515 281,204
Printing and reproduction of recorded media 242,579 244,300 244,432 216,080 221,260
Manufacture of coke and refined petroleum products 193,732 254,513 304,509 245,677 ..
Manufacture of chemicals and chemical products 475,737 537,120 521,089 514,036 601,338
Manufacture of basic pharmaceutical products and pharmaceutical preparations 35,326 36,566 41,783 57,308 55,453
Manufacture of rubber and plastic products 416,676 462,700 483,419 480,997 586,245
Manufacture of other non-metallic mineral products 563,303 592,976 638,983 569,821 685,985
Manufacture of basic metals 101,958 82,752 87,274 84,357 109,767
Manufacture of fabricated metal products, except machinery and equipment 1,299,364 1,322,806 1,448,256 1,358,312 1,725,365
Manufacture of computer, electronic and optical products 1,346,304 1,295,524 1,227,640 1,193,715 1,200,792
Manufacture of electrical equipment 749,421 754,361 760,185 780,054 884,576
Manufacture of machinery and equipment n.e.c. 412,482 488,767 568,269 485,281 573,248
Manufacture of motor vehicles, trailers and semi-trailers 405,093 446,916 448,086 411,197 556,005
Manufacture of other transport equipment 88,448 97,987 106,407 125,833 128,061
Manufacture of furniture 563,461 618,265 627,023 598,464 706,304

Number of enterprises | 2012 – 2021
2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019 2020 2021
Manufacturing 5,927 6,381 6,611 7,053 7,259 7,507 7,470 7,787 7,981 9,060
Manufacture of food products 405 451 476 552 597 640 642 663 689 816
Manufacture of beverages 34 39 48 62 86 97 109 98 126 125
Manufacture of textiles 209 238 234 267 277 307 304 304 303 347
Manufacture of wearing apparel 407 462 499 529 524 534 515 527 504 657
Manufacture of leather and related products 63 69 70 70 82 82 74 70 72 82
Manufacture of wood and of products of wood and cork, except furniture; manufacture of articles of straw and plaiting materials 1,005 1,061 1,084 1,102 1,086 1,097 1,053 1,110 1,146 1,271
Manufacture of paper and paper products 56 58 59 61 61 62 63 64 63 66
Printing and reproduction of recorded media 340 368 361 386 378 387 363 371 366 380
Manufacture of coke and refined petroleum products 6 7 5 5 6 4 4 6 6 4
Manufacture of chemicals and chemical products 80 92 97 111 110 126 127 122 119 133
Manufacture of basic pharmaceutical products and pharmaceutical preparations 12 11 12 14 15 14 12 13 14 14
Manufacture of rubber and plastic products 169 202 194 213 223 210 202 210 209 218
Manufacture of other non-metallic mineral products 201 240 227 255 252 262 259 257 262 315
Manufacture of basic metals 25 22 28 29 27 21 19 21 17 19
Manufacture of fabricated metal products, except machinery and equipment 1,079 1,151 1,202 1,223 1,280 1,320 1,335 1,414 1,444 1,563
Manufacture of computer, electronic and optical products 101 108 116 114 116 118 115 124 134 130
Manufacture of electrical equipment 101 114 120 131 130 136 139 145 137 144
Manufacture of machinery and equipment n.e.c. 133 148 147 175 184 184 197 195 200 227
Manufacture of motor vehicles, trailers and semi-trailers 60 59 58 68 68 69 72 75 76 83
Manufacture of other transport equipment 76 70 71 81 89 88 85 94 112 125
Manufacture of furniture 608 610 641 704 719 735 742 799 809 923

News

The decline in industrial production deepened in November

According to Statistics Estonia, in November 2022, the total production of industrial enterprises decreased by 12.2% at constant prices compared with November 2021. Output fell in all three sectors – by 3.6% in electricity production, by 13.1% in manufacturing and by 11.1% in mining.
Read more 5. January 2023
News

Industrial production continued to fall in October

According to Statistics Estonia, in October, the total production of industrial enterprises decreased by 5.8% at constant prices compared with October 2021. Output fell in all three sectors – by 4.4% in electricity production, by 6.1% in manufacturing, and by 0.4% in mining.
Read more 1. December 2022
News

Industrial production took a downturn in September

According to Statistics Estonia, in September, the total production of industrial enterprises decreased by 7.5% at constant prices compared with September 2021. Output increased in just one of the three sectors – by 3.5% in electricity production. Production fell by 7.6% in manufacturing and by 27.1% in mining.
Read more 1. November 2022