10. Reduced Inequalities

The focus of the global goal “Reduced Inequalities” is safe, controlled and regular migration, and increasing the influence of developing countries in making economic and financial decisions.

The 2030 Agenda lays down that the incomes of the 40% of population earning the least must grow faster than national averages. Also, all people must be treated equally, irrespective of their age, sex, disability, race, ethnicity, origin, religion, economic or other status, while their social, economic and political inclusion must be promoted. The same principles must also apply in the case of migration.

The Estonian sustainable development strategy emphasises the need to reduce economic inequality, promote social inclusion and regional balance.

The global goal “Reduce inequality within and among countries” is linked in Estonia with the following inequality indicators:

• Income per household member
• Income inequality
• Accessibility of health care

Yearly income per household member 17,110 euro
Income per household member in households without children 16,043 euro
Income per household member in households with children 18,202 euro
Income inequality, quintile share ratio 5.4
Share of persons with unmet need for specialised medical care 12.1 %