Yields (until 2015)
Statistical activity code: 21212
Sown area, harvested area and harvested production of field crops
Classification of Estonian administrative units and settlements (EHAK)
Classification of Use of Agricultural Land
Agricultural holdings, agricultural small units
Agricultural holding – a single unit both technically and economically, which has single management and which produces agricultural products or maintains its land which is no longer used for production purposes in good agricultural and environmental condition, where:
- there is at least one hectare of utilised agricultural land or
- there is less than one hectare of utilised agricultural land but agricultural products are produced mainly for sale.
Units where agricultural products are not produced but only land is maintained in good agricultural and environmental condition are included from 2007.
Agricultural small unit – unit, which has less than one hectare of utilised agricultural land, but at least 50 m² vegetable area or three fruit trees or six berry bushes or ten rabbits or ten domestic fowls or other agricultural animals or three beehives and agricultural products are produced mainly for own consumption.
Harvested area – sowing area that was harvested in reference year.
Production – harvested production, incl. for own requirement (yield of covered areas is sum of yields from all sowings).
Agricultural holdings who have utilised agricultural area
List of agricultural holdings generated from the statistical register of agricultural holdings, who have utilised agricultural area
Estonia as a whole
The dissemination of data collected for the purpose of producing official statistics is guided by the requirements provided for in § 34 and § 35 of the Official Statistics Act.
The treatment of confidential data is regulated by the Procedure for Protection of Data Collected and Processed by Statistics Estonia: http://www.stat.ee/dokumendid/19410.
Notifications about the dissemination of statistics are published in the release calendar, which is available on the website. On 1 October each year, the release times of the Statistical Database, news releases, main indicators by IMF SDDS and publications are announced in the release calendar (in case of publications – the release month).
All users have been granted an equal access to official statistics: this means that the dissemination dates of official statistics have to be announced in advance and no user category (incl. Eurostat, state authorities and mass media) can have access to the official statistics (results of official statistical surveys) before other users. Statistical information is first published in the Statistical Database. In case a news release is published based on the same data, the information provided in the relevant news release is simultaneously published in the Statistical Database. Official statistics are available on the website at 8.00 a.m. on the date announced in the release calender.
Data are published under the heading „Economy/ Agriculture” in the Statistical Database in http://pub.stat.ee.
The dissemination of data collected for the purpose of producing official statistics is guided by the requirements provided for in § 34, § 35, § 36, § 37, § 38 of the Official Statistics Act. Access to micro-data and anonymisation of micro-data are regulated by Statistics Estonia’s „Procedure for dissemination of confidential data for scientific purposes”: http://www.stat.ee/dokumendid/51669.
Data serve as input for statistical activities 21207 „Economic accounts for agriculture” and 21214 „Crop farming”.
Regulation (EC) No 543/2009 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 18 June 2009 concerning crop statistics and repealing Council Regulations (EEC) No 837/90 and (EEC) No 959/93
Handbook for annual crop statistics (Following provisions of Reg. 543/2009)
Pursuant to Regulation (EC) No 543/2009 of the European Parliament and of the Council, a report is compiled every three years describing the methodology applied and level of precision achieved.
To assure the quality of processes and products, Statistics Estonia applies the EFQM Excellence Model, EU Statistics Code of Practice and the ESS Quality Assurance Framework (QAF). Statistics Estonia is also guided by the requirements provided for in § 7. „Principles and quality criteria of producing official statistics” of the Official Statistics Act.
Statistics Estonia performs all statistical activities according to an international model (Generic Statistical Business Process Model – GSBPM). According to the GSBPM, the final phase of statistical activities is overall evaluation using information gathered in each phase or sub-process (this information includes, among other things, feedback from users, process metadata, system metrics and suggestions from employees). This information is used to prepare the evaluation report which outlines all the quality problems related to the specific statistical activity and serves as input for improvement actions.
Ministry of Agriculture
Users’ suggestions and information about taking them into account are available on the SE website http://www.stat.ee/tooplaan.
Since 1996 Statistics Estonia conducts reputation surveys and user surveys.
All results are available on the website http://www.stat.ee/user-surveys.
Methodology and organisation are in compliance with the requirements of EC regulation No 543/2009.
The type of survey and the data collection methods ensure sufficient coverage and timeliness.
Standard errors are in accordance with (EC) No 543/2009 precision requirements.
We try to reduce non-sampling errors through continous methodological improvements and survey process improvements, incl. through minimizing under- and overcoverage of the frame.
The data are comparable with the data of other European Union Member States.
Data of statistical activity „Yield” will be more harmonised with EC regulation No 543/2009 (number of collected characteristics will be reduced), as the aim of the activity is to receive preliminary data for main crops and the final production data which covers all crops will be received from the Crop production survey.
Data are closely related to other agricultural statistics.
The outputs of the statistical activity are coherent.
Total population involves 21,000 objects. The sample size and design for 2015 is under decision.
Data on sown area of field crops by type of crop and persons are received from the Estonian Agricultural Registers and Information Board (PRIA).
DATA FROM OTHER STATISTICAL ACTIVITIES
Data from statistical activities 21201 „Sown area of field crops” and 21216 „Survey of agricultural small units” are used.
Data are collected through eSTAT (the web channel for electronic data submission) and from administrative data sources. eSTAT is also used to monitor the completion of questionnaires. The questionnaires have been designed for completion in eSTAT by the respondents themselves and they include instructions and controls. The questionnaires and information about data submission are available on Statistics Estonia’s website at http://www.stat.ee/andmete-esitamine (in Estonian). Data are collected with the annual statistical questionnaire „Saak”.
Arithmetic and qualitative controls are used in the validation process, including comparison with the data of previous periods or other surveys and with administrative data sources.
Weights are calculated for the statistical units which are used to expand the data of the sample survey to the population. For estimating population totals, the sample data on agricultural holdings are grossed up separately in each stratum. The expansion factor is the ratio of each subpopulation to the number of respondents in that stratum. In case of missing or unreliable data, the estimates are imputed according to the relevant guidelines. To compensate for non-response among agricultural holdings in the completely enumerated part of the population, the data are replaced with administrative data, the data for the previous period or the data for similar holdings; or post-stratification is used. The data of agricultural small units are estimated. National aggregates are calculated by adding up the data of agricultural holdings and agricultural small units.
The variables which were not collected directly but are required for output generation are calculated. In order to calculate new variables, mathematical expressions are applied to existing variables. The process may be repeated, i.e. a derived variable may be based on other derived new variables. Microdata are aggregated before analysis. This covers data summarisation according to the classification and the calculation of various statistical indicators (e.g. mean). The indicators to be published are calculated on the basis of the collected data.