Registered motor vehicles
Statistical activity code: 22027
Vehicles by type; mobile machinery and tractor trailers registered in the traffic register; first registrations of vehicles, mobile machinery and tractor trailers
Registered civil aircraft
Sea-going vessels registered in the Estonian ship registers
Railway vehicles in the railway traffic register by type
Trams and trolley buses
Vehicles registered in various registers
According to the Traffic Act, trolley busses and trams and their trailers are registered and the registers thereof maintained by their owners.
Aircraft – any machine that can derive support in the atmosphere from the reactions of the air other than the reactions of the air against the ground or against water. Aircraft are divided into state aircraft and civil aircraft. A state aircraft is an aircraft which is used in Defense Forces, customs or police services. Aircraft which is not used in services set out in the above-mentioned services is deemed to be civil aircraft.
A mobile machine – moving on wheels or tracks, for a particular job intended for a motor vehicle, with a maximum design speed of more than 6 km/h but does not exceed 40 km/h. A special work machine made on the basis of a car is not considered to be a mobile machine.
A small vessel – from 2.5 to 24 meters in length overall vehicle (for example, a boat, a sailing yacht, boat, etc.), which is used for recreation, regardless of the registered affiliation. A recreational craft is not considered to be a watercraft used for competitive sports and training, marked by the sports association (for example, jet, windsurfing, sailing, sailing, etc.) and watercraft of primitive construction (for example, hull, canopy, canoe, canoe, pedal boat, etc.).
Bus – a mechanized road transport vehicle with more than 9 seats for the transport of passengers.
Civil aircraft – aircraft listed by designation in published airworthiness certification lists by the civil aviation authorities to fly commercial civil internal and external routes or for legitimate civil, private or business use.
Coach – passenger railway vehicle other than a railcar or a railcar trailer.
Copter – a heavier-than-air aircraft supported in flight chiefly by the reactions of the air on one or more power-driven rotors on substantially vertical axes.
Covered wagon – wagon characterized by its closed construction (solid sides all the way up and roof) and by the safety it provides for the goods conveyed in it (possibility of padlocking and sealing).
Deadweight – the weight in tons of cargo, stores, fuel, passengers and crew carried by the ship when loaded to her maximum summer load line.
Diesel locomotive – locomotive, the main source of power of which is a diesel engine, irrespective of the type of transmission installed. However, diesel-electric locomotives equipped to derive power from an overhead wire or from a conductor rail are classed as electric locomotives.
First registered vehicle – a vehicle first registered in Estonia.
First registration of vehicles – registration of railway vehicle in Estonia.
Flat wagon – wagon without roof or sides, or wagon without roof but with sides not higher than 60 cm, or swing-bolster wagon, of ordinary or special type.
Freight wagon – railway vehicle normally intended for the transport of goods.
Freighting – renting of ship, bareboat chartered ship.
Gross tonnage – the measure of the total capacity of a ship, tug or barge. The measure with no unit.
Harvester – a mobile machine used outside the road; any self-propelled machinery, portable device with or without a production body, or a vehicle not intended for the carriage of passengers or goods by road.
High sided wagon – wagon with no roof and with rigid sides higher than 60 cm.
Insulated wagon – covered wagon of which the body is built with insulating walls, doors, floor and roof, by which the heat exchanges between the inside and outside of the body can be so limited that the overall coefficient of heat transfer (K coefficient), is such that the equipment is assignable to one or other of the following two categories: IN = Normally insulated equipment — characterized by a K coefficient equal to or less than 0.7 W/m2 oC; IR = Heavily insulated equipment — characterized by a K coefficient equal to or less than 0.4 W/m2 oC.
Jett – a water turbine vehicle with a total length of up to 4 meters, without a cockpit, with a stationary engine, driven while sitting, kneeling or standing.
Land rover – the engine-powered vehicle intended for off-road movement, which is not subject to registration and motor vehicle traffic register. The following must be entered in the traffic register as an off-road vehicle:
- a snowmobile, which is provided with skids, and the caterpillar force of the engine to move on snow or ice intended for all-terrain vehicle, the internal combustion engine with a cubic capacity of more than 120 cm3, on which the driver's seating position is not more than the two seats, and an unlading weight does not exceed 500 kg;
- off-road vehicle with at least three wheels, with an internal combustion engine having a cylinder capacity of more than 90 cm3, intended for off-road use by the manufacturer. A wheeled off-road vehicle is not considered to be a motor vehicle intended by the manufacturer not only for off-road use but also for off-road use.
Less than 12 meters overall length of the ship – a vessel used for work purposes, or for commercial purposes, such as fishing boats, inspection boats for inspections, etc.
Load capacity – maximum weight of goods declared permissible by the competent authority of the country of registration of the vehicle.
Locomotive – tractive railway vehicle with a power of 110 kW and above at the draw hook equipped with prime mover and motor or with motor only used for hauling railway vehicles. Light rail motor tractors are excluded.
Moped – two- or three-wheeled motor vehicle with a speed of more than 25 but not more than 45 km / h and a displacement spark ignition internal combustion engine does not exceed 50 cm 3, or any other internal combustion engine, the maximum net power of not more than four kilowatts or a maximum steady-nominal power of the electric motor, the is more than 0.25 kilowatts but not more than four kilowatts. Mopeds, this shall also be considered under the terms of the above-mentioned light four-wheel drive vehicle is the unlading mass does not exceed 350 kg. Four-wheeled electric vehicle batteries, by weight of the light is not taken into account include the curb weight.
Motor vehicle – motor-driven vehicle. A motor vehicle is not a motorized bicycle, miniature moped, off-road vehicle, tram or vehicle with a design speed of less than 6 km/h.
Motorcycles – with or without sidecar two-wheeled motor vehicle. The motorcycle is also considered to be a tricycle with a symmetrical wheel arrangement, with an internal combustion engine having a cylinder capacity of more than 50 cm3 or a design speed of more than 45 km/h, and a four-wheel motor vehicle with an unlading weight not exceeding 400 kg and not exceeding 550 kg, does not exceed 15 kilowatts. The mass of the batteries of a four-wheel electric vehicle is not included in the unlading mass.
Net tonnage – the measure of the internal capacity of a ship, tug or barge's cargo space volume only. The measure with no unit.
New vehicle – has not been in use since manufacture or has not been entered in the register of Estonia or any other country. A vehicle is also considered new if it is registered in a Member State of the European Union for transport from the vehicle manufacturer to an official importer in Estonia.
Number of trams and trolley buses – the inventory number of trams or trolley buses at the end of the year.
Other aircraft – balloon, sailplane, powered (motored) hang-glider.
Passenger car– road motor vehicle, other than a moped or a motor cycle intended for the carriage of passengers and designed to seat no more than nine persons (including the driver).
Passenger railway vehicle – railway vehicle for the conveyance of passengers, even if it comprises one or more compartments with spaces specially reserved for luggage, parcels, mail, etc. These vehicles include special vehicles such as sleeping cars, saloon cars, dining cars, ambulance cars and vans carrying accompanied road passenger vehicles. Each separate vehicle of an indivisible set for the conveyance of passengers is counted as a passenger railway vehicle. Included are railcars if they are designed for passenger transport.
Plane – a power-driven heavier-than-air aircraft, deriving its lift in flight chiefly from aerodynamic reactions on surfaces which remain fixed under given conditions of flight.
Private vehicle - a vehicle registered in Estonia in the name of a natural person.
Railcar – conveyance of passengers or goods by rail. The definition of the various categories of locomotives (electric, diesel) applies, mutatis mutandis, to railcars. A block composed of railcars and railcar trailers can be referred to as: “multiple unit” if it is modular and “trainset” if it is fixed. In tractive vehicle statistics, each railcar in an indivisible set is counted separately; in statistics of passenger vehicles and goods vehicles, each body fitted to carry passengers or goods (tractive and non tractive) is counted as one unit. Independent of drivers’ compartments installed or not, any unit with tractive power must be considered as a tractive vehicle. When two railcar units have a common tractive bogie, both units are considered as a tractive vehicle.
Railcar trailer – non-tractive passenger railway vehicle coupled to one or more railcars.
Railcars and railcar trailers fitted only for the conveyance of goods are included.
Railway vehicle – mobile equipment running exclusively on rails, moving either under its own power (tractive vehicles) or hauled by another vehicle (coaches, railcar trailers, vans, wagons, specific rolling stock, special purpose rolling stock).
Restaurant wagon – type of coach.
Saloon wagon – type of coach.
Sea-going vessel – vessel for sea navigation.
Seat wagon – type of coach.
Silo wagon – wagons for the transport in bulk of powdered products such as cement, flour, plaster, etc.
Sleeping car – type of coach.
Small plane – an airplane of a maximum certified take-off mass of 5,700 kg or less.
Special purpose rolling stock – based on the passenger railway vehicle: mail-, baggage-, measuring-, defectoscopy-, dynamometric-, etc. vans
Specific rolling stock – draisines, snowplows, railway cranes, etc.
Tank wagon – wagon designed for the bulk transport of liquids or gases.
Termos wagon – insulated wagon.
Tracked tractor – a motor vehicle with a tracked track which is also driven by a track.
Tractive vehicle – vehicle equipped with prime mover and motor, or with motor only, intended either for hauling other vehicles (a “locomotive”) or for hauling other vehicles and for the carriage of passengers and/or goods (a “railcar”).
Tractor – a motor vehicle with wheels or tracks intended for agricultural or forestry work, having at least two axles and a design speed of at least 6 km/h. A tractor is not considered to be a special machine made on the basis of a car.
Tractors trailer – any towed trailer used for agricultural or forestry work, the main purpose of which is to tow a load and which is normally towed behind a tractor for agricultural or forestry work. This category includes trailers part of which is carried by a tractor. Any vehicle coupled to a tractor and fitted with a tool shall be considered to be part of an agricultural or forestry trailer if the technically permissible gross weight to unlading ratio of the vehicle is 3,0 or more and if the vehicle is not designed for material handling.
Tram – passenger or freight road vehicle designed to seat more than nine persons (including the driver) or to transport freight, which is rail borne and connected to electric conductors or powered by diesel engine. The tramway is generally integrated into the urban road system.
Trailer – a vehicle designed or adapted to be coupled to a motor vehicle. A trailer is not considered to be a towed device or an interchangeable towed device.
Trolley bus – passenger road vehicle designed to seat more than nine persons (including the driver), which is connected to electric conductors and which is not rail-borne.
Truck – a truck intended for the carriage of goods.
Wheeled tractor – a motor vehicle with wheels and at least two axles, having a maximum design speed of over 6 km/h but not exceeding 40 km/h. The main function of a wheeled tractor is to operate a machine or implement on or attached to it, to operate a stationary machine or to tow a load or a trailer. A wheeled tractor is also a motor vehicle whose principal function is to carry a load and whose design speed does not exceed 50 km/h.
Road and railway vehicles and watercraft and air craft registered in Estonia
Estonia as a whole
Trams and trolley buses 1980–…
Road vehicles 1990–…
Railway vehicles 2009–…
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Notifications about the dissemination of statistics are published in the release calendar, which is available on the website. Every year on 1 October, the release times of the statistical database, news releases, main indicators by IMF SDDS and publications for the following year are announced in the release calendar (in the case of publications – the release month).
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Data are published in the statistical database at https://andmed.stat.ee/en/stat under the subject area “Economy / Transport / Registered motor vehicles” in the following tables:
TS32: Vehicles and private vehicles, 31 December
TS322: First registrations of vehicles (months)
TS328: Seagoing vessels registered in the Estonian Ship Registers, 31 December
TS33: Motor driven machines and tractor trailers registered in the Estonian Traffic Register and first registration
TS35: Registered civil aircraft in aircraft register
TS39: Railway vehicles in the Estonian Railway Traffic Register
and under the subject area “Economy / Transport / General data of transport” in the following table:
TS34: Trams and trolley buses, 31 December
Glossary for Transport Statistics (prepared by the Intersecretariat Working Group on Transport Statistics – Eurostat, ITF and the United Nations Economic Commission for Europe)
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Since 1996, Statistics Estonia has conducted reputation and user satisfaction surveys. All results are available on the website of Statistics Estonia in the section User surveys.
In compliance with the rules (regulations)
The data are internationally comparable, as defined in Eurostat/OECD/UNECE Common Questionnaire on transport.
Since 1994, statistics do not include vehicles that have not been technically inspected for years. Vehicles that were not reregistered by 1 July 2001 were removed from the car register database.
From 2017, vehicles are not published by administrative units.
The outputs of the statistical activity are coherent.
Cost of statistical activity 7.2 thousand euros (data for 2018)
Total time of filling in reports of the statistical activity, working days: 6.6
Average time of filling in the reports, hours per report:
Sõidukite arvelevõtmine 3.5
Õhusõidukite register 3.5
(data for 2016)
The data revision policy and notification of corrections are described in the section Principles of dissemination of official statistics of the website of Statistics Estonia.
The published data may be revised if the methodology is modified, errors are discovered, new or better data become available or when the data for the following period are published.
Tramway and trolleybus transport entity at the end of the year
The traffic register data from the Republic of Estonian Transport Administration are collected with the official statistics annual questionnaires “Traffic Register” and “Registration of vehicles”. The national civil aircraft register data are collected with the official statistics annual questionnaire “Aircraft Register” and the ship register data are collected with the annual official statistics questionnaire “Ship Register”.
The railway traffic register data of the Estonian Technical Surveillance Authority are collected with the official statistics questionnaire “Railways and rolling stock”.
DATA FROM OTHER STATISTICAL ACTIVITIES
Data are collected and the submission of questionnaires is monitored through eSTAT (the web channel for electronic data submission). The questionnaires have been designed for independent completion in eSTAT and include instructions and controls. The questionnaires and information about data submission are available on the website of Statistics Estonia in the section Questionnaires.
Data are collected with the official statistics annual questionnaires “Traffic register” , “Ship register”, “Aircraft register” and “Fixed stock of tram and trolley bus transport” and with the monthly questionnaire “Registration of vehicles”.
The data are validated by the data administrator.
The collected data are converted into statistical input. This includes calculation of additional indicators.
As of 2016, the statistical activity 22027 “Registered motor vehicles” is merged with the statistical activity 22028 “First registrations of vehicles” and the component concerning the rolling and fixed stock of tram and trolley bus transport of the former statistical activity “General data of transport” (22029).
Since 2017, the national component (statistics by counties) of the statistical activity is reduced.