Material deprivation (until 2015)
Statistical activity code: 40016
Material deprivation rate shows the share of persons who cannot afford at least 3 items of the 9: 1) pay rent or utility bills, 2) keep home adequately warm, 3) face unexpected expenses, 4) eat meat, fish or a protein equivalent every second day, 5) a week’s holiday away from home, 6) a car, 7) a washing machine, 8) a colour TV or 9) a telephone. The data are published by main socio-demographic characteristics.
Permanent residents of Estonia aged 15 and older and their household members, excluding institutional households (children’s homes, care homes, monasteries etc.)
Households and their members living at the address registered in the Population Register
Estonia as a whole
The dissemination of data collected for the purpose of producing official statistics is guided by the requirements provided for in § 34 and § 35 of the Official Statistics Act.
The treatment of confidential data is regulated by the Procedure for Protection of Data Collected and Processed by Statistics Estonia: http://www.stat.ee/dokumendid/19410.
Notifications about the dissemination of statistics are published in the release calendar, which is available on the website. On 1 October each year, the release times of the Statistical Database, news releases, main indicators by IMF SDDS and publications are announced in the release calendar (in case of publications – the release month).
All users have been granted an equal access to official statistics: this means that the dissemination dates of official statistics have to be announced in advance and no user category (incl. Eurostat, state authorities and mass media) can have access to the official statistics (results of official statistical surveys) before other users. Statistical information is first published in the Statistical Database. In case a news release is published based on the same data, the information provided in the relevant news release is simultaneously published in the Statistical Database. Official statistics are available on the website at 8.00 a.m. on the date announced in the release calender.
Data are published under the heading „Social life/ Social exclusion and poverty” in the Statistical Database in http://pub.stat.ee.
The dissemination of data collected for the purpose of producing official statistics is guided by the requirements provided for in § 34, § 35, § 36, § 37, § 38 of the Official Statistics Act. Access to micro-data and anonymisation of micro-data are regulated by Statistics Estonia’s „Procedure for dissemination of confidential data for scientific purposes”: http://www.stat.ee/dokumendid/51669.
The Estonian Social Survey. Methodological Report, Statistics Estonia (2010)
The quality report sent to Eurostat is available at https://circabc.europa.eu/faces/jsp/extension/wai/navigation/container.jsp.
To assure the quality of processes and products, Statistics Estonia applies the EFQM Excellence Model, EU Statistics Code of Practice and the ESS Quality Assurance Framework (QAF). Statistics Estonia is also guided by the requirements provided for in § 7. „Principles and quality criteria of producing official statistics” of the Official Statistics Act.
Statistics Estonia performs all statistical activities according to an international model (Generic Statistical Business Process Model – GSBPM). According to the GSBPM, the final phase of statistical activities is overall evaluation using information gathered in each phase or sub-process (this information includes, among other things, feedback from users, process metadata, system metrics and suggestions from employees). This information is used to prepare the evaluation report which outlines all the quality problems related to the specific statistical activity and serves as input for improvement actions.
Ministry of Social Affairs
Users’ suggestions and information about taking them into account are available on the SE website http://www.stat.ee/tooplaan.
Since 1996 Statistics Estonia conducts reputation surveys and user surveys.
All results are available on the website http://www.stat.ee/user-surveys.
The accuracy of source data is monitored by assessing the methodological soundness of data sources and the adherence to the methodological recommendations.
Sampling error estimates are calculated for all indicators found, but these are published only for more important indicators.
Due to absence of registration law in Estonia, there is also some under-coverage of persons and households present in the Population Register. Assuming that all persons living permanently in Estonia are registered in the Population Register and considering the amount of imprecise addresses in the population register, the under-coverage of households may be at most 1–1.5%.
DATA FROM OTHER STATISTICAL ACTIVITIES
Data from statistical activity 40003 „Eurostat’s Harmonised Household Panel Survey” are used.
Before data dissemination, several checks on the internal coherence of the data are carried out.
In case of missing or unreliable data, the estimates are imputed according to the relevant guidelines. The variables and statistical units which were not collected directly but are required for output generation are calculated. In order to calculate new variables, mathematical expressions are applied to existing variables. The process may be repeated, i.e. a derived variable may be based on other derived new variables.
Microdata are aggregated before analysis. This covers data summarisation according to the classification and the calculation of various statistical indicators (e.g. mean, median, dispersion etc.). The indicators to be published are calculated on the basis of the collected data.