Legal system (until 2016)
Statistical activity code: 40801
Criminal and administrative cases in courts of first instance; persons incarcerated in penal institutions; convicted offenders.
Work of the Supreme Court and circuit courts.
Offenders under probation.
Court of 1st instance – county, city or administrative court.
Court of 2nd instance – circuit court.
Court of higher instance – the Supreme Court.
Probationer – a convicted offender who has been given a conditional sentence or released on parole and whom a court has placed under the supervision of a probation supervisor for a probationary period pursuant to the procedure provided for in the Criminal Code.
Estonia as a whole
The dissemination of data collected for the purpose of producing official statistics is guided by the requirements provided for in § 34 and § 35 of the Official Statistics Act.
The treatment of confidential data is regulated by the Procedure for Protection of Data Collected and Processed by Statistics Estonia: http://www.stat.ee/66485.
Notifications about the dissemination of statistics are published in the release calendar, which is available on the website. On 1 October each year, the release times of the Statistical Database, news releases, main indicators by IMF SDDS and publications are announced in the release calendar (in case of publications – the release month).
All users have been granted an equal access to official statistics: this means that the dissemination dates of official statistics have to be announced in advance and no user category (incl. Eurostat, state authorities and mass media) can have access to the official statistics (results of official statistical surveys) before other users. Statistical information is first published in the Statistical Database. In case a news release is published based on the same data, the information provided in the relevant news release is simultaneously published in the Statistical Database. Official statistics are available on the website at 8.00 a.m. on the date announced in the release calendar.
„Eesti statistika aastaraamat. Statistical Yearbook of Estonia”
Data are published under the heading „Social life/ Justice and security” in the Statistical Database in http://pub.stat.ee.
The dissemination of data collected for the purpose of producing official statistics is guided by the requirements provided for in § 34, § 35, § 36, § 37, § 38 of the Official Statistics Act. Access to micro-data and anonymisation of micro-data are regulated by Statistics Estonia’s „Procedure for dissemination of confidential data for scientific purposes”: http://www.stat.ee/dokumendid/51669.
To assure the quality of processes and products, Statistics Estonia applies the EFQM Excellence Model, EU Statistics Code of Practice and the ESS Quality Assurance Framework (QAF). Statistics Estonia is also guided by the requirements provided for in § 7. „Principles and quality criteria of producing official statistics” of the Official Statistics Act.
Statistics Estonia performs all statistical activities according to an international model (Generic Statistical Business Process Model – GSBPM). According to the GSBPM, the final phase of statistical activities is overall evaluation using information gathered in each phase or sub-process (this information includes, among other things, feedback from users, process metadata, system metrics and suggestions from employees). This information is used to prepare the evaluation report which outlines all the quality problems related to the specific statistical activity and serves as input for improvement actions.
Ministry of Justice
Ministry of the Interior
Users’ suggestions and information about taking them into account are available on the SE website http://www.stat.ee/tooplaan.
Since 1996 Statistics Estonia conducts reputation surveys and user surveys.
All results are available on the website http://www.stat.ee/user-surveys.
Administrative data show only the statistics of public authorities.
Geographical comparability is available nationally. International comparison must take into account differences in national legal systems.
The data are comparable across time.
When comparing data from different sources methodological differences need to be kept in mind.
The outputs of the statistical activity are coherent.
The following data are received from the Ministry of Justice: number and composition of probationers; probationers by age group, period of probation, social status and number of criminal penalties; number of persons incarcerated in penal institutions, their movement and composition (sentenced and arrested); administrative matters in courts of first instance; civil matters in courts of first instance; criminal matters in courts of first instance; convicted persons (incl. juveniles) by main type of sentence and sex; work of circuit courts (received cases based on complaint or protest). The Supreme Court provides the data on their own activities.
DATA FROM OTHER STATISTICAL ACTIVITIES
Courts of first and second instance (8 respondents: 4 County Courts, 2 Administrative Courts, 2 Circuit Courts) and prisons provide data to Ministry of Justice.
Courts Information System (KIS).
Statistical Office get aggregated data from Ministry of Justice and Supreme Court by e-mail.
The data are compared with the data of previous periods.
The indicators to be published are calculated on the basis of the collected data.