Financial statistics of enterprises (annual)
Statistical activity code: 20300
Enterprises’ assets, liabilities and equity; investments in fixed assets; income statement, employment and hours worked; value added and productivity characteristics; financial key ratios by economic activity (EMTAK 2008) and number of persons employed
Estonian Classification of Economic Activities (EMTAK 2008) based on NACE Rev. 2
Classification of Estonian administrative units and settlements (EHAK)
Agriculture, forestry and fishing
Mining and quarrying
Electricity, gas, steam and air conditioning supply
Water supply; sewerage, waste management and remediation activities Construction
Wholesale and retail trade; repair of motor vehicles and motorcycles
Transportation and storage
Accommodation and food service activities
Information and communication
Real estate activities
Professional, scientific and technical activities
Administrative and support service activities
Human health and social work activities
Arts, Entertainment and recreation
Other service activities
Assets total – sum of current and fixed assets, which is equal to the sum of liabilities and equity.
Current assets – cash and bank; assets which are expected to be sold or otherwise used up usually within one year, or one business cycle.
Enterprise – an enterprise consists of one or more companies (public limited company, private limited company, limited partnership, general partnership, commercial association) or branches of foreign companies or sole proprietors. Annual statistics cover only branches of foreign companies with 20 or more persons employed and sole proprietors. Statistical unit is an enterprise.
Equity – (net assets) the owners’ interest on the assets of the enterprise after deducting liabilities.
Fixed assets – assets purchased for long-term use in an enterprise, usually more than one year. Investment property – real estate object (land, building or part of building) held to earn rental income, for capital appreciation or for both, but not for use in production of goods or services, for administrative purposes or for sale within routine business activity.
Investments in fixed assets – the cost of buildings, land, equipment, machinery, vehicles, installation, etc. purchased in the reference period; in the case of construction and reconstruction of the existing fixed assets, it also includes the cost of work done; investments in intangible fixed assets and valuables. The acquisition of property classified as investment property is also included.
Liabilities – current and long-term liabilities.
Net profit (loss) – turnover + other revenue + financial income – costs total – other expenses – financial costs – income tax.
Number of employees – persons who work for an employer under an agreement (contract of employment) and receive compensation (wages, salaries, fees, gratuities, piece-rate pay, remuneration in kind.
Number of enterprises – the number of active enterprises, i.e. enterprises which were economically active in the reference period (turnover, expenditure, etc.).
Personnel expenses – wages and salaries, social tax and unemployment insurance premium.
Persons employed – all persons who work for the enterprise irrespective of the length of their work week.
Employed persons include:
- working proprietors and their unpaid family members;
- full- and part-time employees who are on the pay-roll;
- persons who work outside the unit (sales representatives, etc.) but who are on the staff list and the pay-roll of the enterprise;
- persons temporarily absent from work (persons on sick leave, paid leave, study leave, on strike, etc.);
- seasonal workers, trainees (apprentices) and home-workers who are on the pay-roll;
- persons employed under the contract for services.
Sale to non-residents – the revenue from the sale of goods and services to legal persons registered abroad or natural persons permanently residing outside Estonia.
Turnover (formerly “net sales”) – income from sale of all products, goods and services received or to be received, which does not include VAT and excises. Turnover is equal with the pay received or to be received and is calculated on a accrual basis accounting. Turnover excludes subsidies.
Value added – (at factor cost) the gross income from operating activities after adjusting for operating subsidies and indirect taxes.
Enterprises, excluding financial intermediation enterprises. Non-market producers are excluded from the population.
List of active enterprises, excluding financial intermediation enterprises. The list is generated from the Business Register for Statistical Purposes.
Estonia as a whole
Counties – data for enterprises with 20 or more employees
DIRECTLY APPLICABLE LEGAL ACTS
Regulation (EC) No 295/2008 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 11 March 2008 concerning structural business statistics (recast)
Commission Regulation (EU) No 446/2014 of 2 May 2014 amending Regulation (EC) No 295/2008 of the European Parliament and of the Council concerning structural business statistics, and Commission Regulations (EC) No 251/2009 and (EU) No 275/2010, as regards the series of data to be produced and the criteria for evaluation of the quality of structural business statistics (Text with EEA relevance)
Commission Regulation (EC) No 250/2009 of 11 March 2009 implementing Regulation (EC) No 295/2008 of the European Parliament and of the Council as regards the definitions of characteristics, the technical format for the transmission of data, the double reporting requirements for NACE Rev.1.1 and NACE Rev.2 and derogations to be granted for structural business statistics (Text with EEA relevance)
Commission Implementing Regulation (EU) No 439/2014 of 29 April 2014 amending Regulation (EC) No 250/2009 implementing Regulation (EC) No 295/2008 of the European Parliament and of the Council concerning structural business statistics, as regards the definitions of characteristics and the technical format for the transmission of data (Text with EEA relevance)
Regulation (EC) No 138/2004 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 5 December 2003 on the economic accounts for agriculture in the Community
Commission Regulation (EC) No 306/2005 of 24 February 2005 amending Annex I to Regulation (EC) No 138/2004 of the European Parliament and of the Council on the economic accounts for agriculture in the Community
Commission Regulation (EC) No 909/2006 of 20 June 2006 amending Annexes I and II to Regulation (EC) No 138/2004 of the European Parliament and of the Council on the economic accounts for agriculture in the Community
Commission Regulation (EC) No 212/2008 of 7 March 2008 amending Annex I to Regulation (EC) No 138/2004 of the European Parliament and of the Council on the economic accounts for agriculture in the Community
OTHER LEGAL ACTS
Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD)
United Nations Organisation (UNO)
The dissemination of data collected for the purpose of producing official statistics is guided by the requirements provided for in § 32, § 34, § 35, § 38 of the Official Statistics Act.
The dissemination of data collected for the production of official statistics is based on the requirements laid down in §§ 34 and 35 of the Official Statistics Act.
The principles for treatment of confidential data can be found here.
Notifications about the dissemination of statistics are published in the release calendar, which is available on the website. Every year on 1 October, the release times of the statistical database, news releases, main indicators by IMF SDDS and publications for the following year are announced in the release calendar (in the case of publications – the release month).
All users have been granted equal access to official statistics: dissemination dates of official statistics are announced in advance and no user category (incl. Eurostat, state authorities and mass media) is provided access to official statistics before other users. Official statistics are first published in the statistical database. If there is also a news release, it is published simultaneously with data in the statistical database. Official statistics are available on the website at 8:00 a.m. on the date announced in the release calendar.
Data are published in the statistical database at https://andmed.stat.ee/en/stat under the subject area “Economy / Financial statistics of enterprises / Enterprises' income statement, employment and hours worked / Annual statistics” in the following tables:
EM001: Financial statistics of enterprises by economic activity and number of persons employed
EM004: Financial statistics of enterprises (with 20 or more persons employed) by county
EM006: Concentration of turnover of enterprises by economic activity
EM0072: Number of enterprises by turnover and economic activity,
under the subject area “Economy / Financial statistics of enterprises / Enterprises' assets, liabilities and equity / Annual statistics” in the following tables:
EM009: Enterprises' assets, liabilities and equity by economic activity and number of persons employed
EM012: Enterprises' (with 20 or more persons employed) assets, liabilities and equity by county,
under the subject area “Economy / Service activities” in the following table:
TE014: Turnover of service enterprises by economic activity,
under the subject area “Economy / Industry / Economic indicators of industry / Annual statistics” in the following table:
TO001: Industrial production by economic activity and county,
under the subject area “Economy / Construction / Construction activities” in the following tables:
EH001: Construction activities by place of construction activity
EH002: Construction production in Estonia by type of construction
EH003: Construction production in Estonia by county,
under the subject area “Economy / Financial statistics of enterprises / Population, sample and number of respondents. Quality indicators / Annual statistics” in the following table:
EM026: Quality indicators of annual enterprise statistics by economic activity
and under the subject area “Economy / Internal trade / Economic indicators of internal trade” in the following tables:
KM0011: Sales of goods and maintenance and repair of motor vehicles services
KM0021: Sales of goods and maintenance and repair of motor vehicles services by region
KM0041: Wholesale sales of wholesale trade enterprises by economic activity and commodity group
KM0061: Retail sales of retail trade enterprises by economic activity and commodity group
KM0081: Trade enterprises' turnover, trade margin by economic activity.
The dissemination of data collected for the purpose of producing official statistics is guided by the requirements provided for in § 33, § 34, § 35, § 36, § 38 of the Official Statistics Act. Access to microdata and anonymisation of microdata are regulated by Statistics Estonia’s procedure for dissemination of confidential data for scientific purposes.
Data serve as input for statistical activities 10101 “Environmental protection expenditure accounts”, 10104 “Environmental taxes accounts”, 10406 “Air emissions accounts”, 20103 “Construction volume indices”, 20319 “Financial statistics of foreign affiliates”, 20407 “Consumer price index”, 20408 “Producer price index of industrial output”, 20505 “Community survey on ICT usage and e-commerce in enterprises”, 20901 “Business register for statistical purposes”, 20904 “Enterprise groups”, 21207 “Economic accounts for agriculture”, 21401 “National accounts (annual)”, 21403 “Tourism satellite accounts”, 21406 “Regional GDP”, 21407 “Sector accounts”, 21408 “Supply and use tables”, 22201 “Production indices” and 50101 “Regional development”.
Commission regulation (EC) No 250/2009 of 11 March 2009 implementing Regulation (EC) No 295/2008 of the European Parliament and of the Council as regards the definitions of characteristics, the technical format for the transmission of data, the double reporting requirements for NACE Rev.1.1 and NACE Rev.2 and derogations to be granted for structural business statistics
Data on the quality of the population, sample and respondents are published in the Statistical Database.
The quality report has been submitted to Eurostat.
To assure the quality of processes and products, Statistics Estonia applies the EFQM Excellence Model, the European Statistics Code of Practice and the Quality Assurance Framework of the European Statistical System (ESS QAF). Statistics Estonia is also guided by the requirements in § 7. “Principles and quality criteria of producing official statistics” of the Official Statistics Act.
Statistics Estonia performs all statistical activities according to an international model (Generic Statistical Business Process Model – GSBPM). According to the GSBPM, the final phase of statistical activities is overall evaluation using information gathered in each phase or sub-process; this information can take many forms, including feedback from users, process metadata, system metrics and suggestions from employees. This information is used to prepare the evaluation report which outlines all the quality problems related to the specific statistical activity and serves as input for improvement actions.
Ministry of Economic Affairs and Communications
Ministry of Social Affairs
Ministry of the Interior
Eesti Pank (central bank of Estonia)
Since 1996, Statistics Estonia has conducted reputation and user satisfaction surveys. All results are available on the website of Statistics Estonia in the section User surveys.
In compliance with the rules (regulations)
Data is in general comparable with European Union Member States as he statistics are produced following the principles of SBS (Structural business statistics) regulation.
The data are comparable since 2005.
2000–2007 the activity classification NACE Rev. 1.1. was in use. Starting from 2008, NACE Rev. 2 (Estonian Classification of Economic Activities 2008 (EMTAK 2008)) was implemented (back casted data for 2005–2007).
The data collection bases on active enterprises in the Business Register for statistical purposes compiled by November of year t. During the data production process the activeness of enterprises, have to be adjusted: non-active enterprises are excluded and some out of scope influential units by total assets or turnover are added.
In data editing process, data check rules are implemented to guarantee the same value of turnover from industrial activities with the Prodcom survey (22203 Manufactured goods and industrial services) on unit level.
The comparisons with the short-term statistics data (turnover, investments, number of persons employed) on unit and aggregated level are carried out. Differences of aggregated data are caused from the use of different sampling frames — the updated frame compiled by November of year t is used for producing annual business statistics of year t and for short-term statistics of year t+1.
The difference with the Business Demography (BD) is mainly caused by the inclusion of sole proprietors in BD. Data are in accordance with National Accounts (NA) and is the main data-source for non-financial corporations' sector.
The outputs of the statistical activity are coherent. Higher-level aggregations are derived from detailed data according to pre-defined procedures.
Total time of filling in reports of the statistical activity, hours: 13768
Average time of filling in the reports, hours per report:
EKOMAR F41 2,9;
EKOMAR G45 3,1;
EKOMAR G46 3,1;
EKOMAR G47 3;
EKOMAR H49 2,2;
EKOMAR J62 2,6;
EKOMAR A. Põllumajandus, metsandus, kalandus 3,4;
EKOMAR B-E 3,4;
EKOMAR H52-N 2,8;
EKOMAR IH53P-Q 2,3
(data for 2022)
The data revision policy and notification of corrections are described in the section Principles of dissemination of official statistics of the website of Statistics Estonia.
The published data may be revised if the methodology is modified, errors are discovered, new or better data become available.
Data are collected from active enterprises, excl. financial intermediation enterprises. Total population is 90,000 objects. The sample includes 9,600 objects.
All state and local government enterprises as well as private enterprises with 20 or more persons employed are surveyed. Private enterprises with less than 20 persons employed are sampled by economic activity and number of persons employed. Stratified simple random sampling is in use.
Since the reference year 2013 survey based data are not used for manufacturing enterprises with less than 10 persons employed, since 2014 for construction and retail enterprises with 1 person employed, since 2015 for other trade and service enterprises with 1 person employed. Their data are estimated by using models on the basis of annual reports data from the commercial register.
Annual reports of enterprises are received from the commercial register of the Centre of Registers and Information Systems.
Data on the following tax returns are received from the Estonian Tax and Customs Board: value added tax return (form KMD); declaration of income and social tax, unemployment insurance premiums and contributions to mandatory funded pension (form TSD); business income of a natural person (Form E, used to compile financial statistics of sole proprietors).
DATA FROM OTHER STATISTICAL ACTIVITIES
Data are collected and the submission of questionnaires is monitored through eSTAT (the web channel for electronic data submission). The questionnaires have been designed for independent completion in eSTAT and include instructions and controls. The questionnaires and information about data submission are available on the website of Statistics Estonia in the section Questionnaires.
The data from the Tax and Customs Board are received via X-Road and an FTP-server. The data from the commercial register are recieved via X-Road.
The input data are checked and, if necessary, corrected according to specified rules, and the compliance of estimated statistics with the quality requirements is checked as well: the coverage of the general sample, the response rate and internal coherence are checked, comparisons are made with previous periods and other data.
For statistical units weights are calculated, which are used to expand the data of the sample survey to the total population. The data collected by sample survey are expanded to the total population separately in each stratum. The expansion factor is the ratio of each subpopulation to the number of respondents in that stratum. To compensate for non-response recalculation of weights is used. In the case of missing or unreliable data, estimate imputation based on established regulations will be used.
The data of non-responded enterprises with more than 19 persons employed and essential smaller enteprises are imputed based on administrative data, data of the previous period or available data from short-term statistics.
Variables and statistical units which were not collected but which are necessary for producing the output are calculated. New variables are calculated by applying arithmetic conversion to already existing variables. Microdata are aggregated to the level necessary for analysis. This includes aggregating the data according to the classification, calculation of indices.
The collected data are converted into statistical output. This includes calculating additional indicators.
The input data from enterprises’ annual reports are used for directly related characteristics. Missing or not reported characteristics are estimated by a model on enterprise level. Simple ratio adjustment method is used on the basis of enterprises’ or base year data.
Since 2016 the statistical activities 20320 “Annual economic indicators of construction enterprises”, 20321 “Annual economic indicators of trade enterprises”, 20322 “Annual economic indicators of real estate”, 20323 “Annual economic indicators of service enterprises”, 20324 “Annual economic indicators of transport enterprises”, 20325 “Annual economic indicators of tourism and accommodation”, 20326 “Annual economic indicators of industrial enterprises” and 20503 “Annual accounts of information and communication technology sector” are merged with the activity 20300 “Financial statistics of enterprises (annual)”.
With the listed statistical activities, the indicators of enterprises of selected economic activities were compiled to be published as a separate table.
Since 2018 the statistical activity 20003 “Financial statistics of agricultural, forestry and fishing enterprises (annual)” was merged with the activity 20300.