Financial statistics of foreign affiliates
Statistical activity code: 20319
Data of foreign affiliates by the ultimate controlling country (IFATS – Inward foreign affiliates statistics):
Number of enterprises; average number of persons employed; average number of employees
Turnover, incl. sales to non-residents; other revenue
Costs total, incl. merchandise, materials, supplies and intermediate goods, laid-out work; personnel expenses; depreciation
Personnel expenses total, incl. wages and salaries and social security costs
Other expenses; operating profit (loss); financial income and cost; profit (loss) from normal operation; provision for taxes; net profit (loss)
Production value; value added; labour productivity per person employed on the basis of value added; productivity of personnel costs on the basis of value added; total productivity on the basis of value added
Assets total, incl. current assets, fixed assets, liabilities and equity. Investments in fixed assets
The data are published by economic activity (2-digit EMTAK code) and by the country of residence of controlling units
Data of foreign affiliates of Estonian enterprises (OFATS – Outward foreign affiliates statistics):
Number of enterprises
Average number of persons employed
The data are published by economic activity and by the country of residence of the subsidiary
Estonian Classification of Economic Activities (EMTAK 2008) based on NACE Rev. 2
International Standard Codes for the Representation of the Names of Countries (ISO 3166)
Mining and quarrying
Electricity, gas, steam and air conditioning supply
Water collection, treatment and supply
Wholesale and retail trade; repair of motor vehicles and motorcycles Transportation and storage
Accommodation and food service activities
Information and communication
Real estate activities
Professional-, scientific and technical activity
Administrative and support service activities
Human health and social work activities
Arts, entertainment and recreation
Other service activities
Control over the enterprise – control exists if another unit or person holds more than 50% of shareholdings with voting rights or the ability to determine the general and financial policy of an enterprise.
Enterprise – an enterprise consists of one or more companies (public limited company, private limited company, limited partnership, general partnership, commercial association) or branches of foreign companies or sole proprietors. Statistical unit is an enterprise.
Foreign affiliate – an enterprise resident in the compiling country (e.g. Estonia) over which an institutional unit not resident in the compiling country (e.g. Estonia) has control, or an enterprise not resident in the compiling country over which an institutional unit resident in the compiling country has control.
Foreign countries – all countries, excluding Estonia.
Inward foreign affiliates statistics (IFATS) – statistics describing the activity of foreign affiliates resident in the compiling economy.
Non-European Union – all countries, excluding Estonia and other European Union Member States.
Outward foreign affiliates statistics (OFATS) – statistics describing the activity of foreign affiliates abroad controlled by the compiling economy.
Shared control – no unit or person has over 50% of voting rights or controls otherwise.
Ultimate controlling institutional unit of a foreign affiliate – the institutional unit, proceeding up a foreign affiliate’s chain of control, which is not controlled by another institutional unit.
Foreign affiliates by the ultimate controlling country (IFATS):
enterprises with 20 and more persons employed, excluding enterprises engaged in agriculture, forestry and fishing, and financial and insurance activities
Foreign affiliates of Estonian enterprises (OFATS):
foreign affiliates of Estonian enterprises located outside European Union countries
List of active enterprises, excluding enterprises engaged in agriculture, forestry and fishing, and financial and insurance activities. The list is generated from the Business Register for Statistical Purposes.
Estonia as a whole
DIRECTLY APPLICABLE LEGAL ACTS
Regulation (EC) No 716/2007 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 20 June 2007 on Community statistics on the structure and activity of foreign affiliates
Commission Regulation (EC) No 747/2008 of 30 July 2008 amending Regulation (EC) No 716/2007 of the European Parliament and of the Council on Community statistics on the structure and activity of foreign affiliates, as regards the definitions of characteristics and the implementation of NACE Rev. 2 (Text with EEA relevance)
Commission Regulation (EC) No 364/2008 of 23 April 2008 implementing Regulation (EC) No 716/2007 of the European Parliament and of the Council, as regards the technical format for the transmission of foreign affiliates statistics and the derogations to be granted to Member States
Commission Regulation (EC) No 834/2009 of 11 September 2009 implementing Regulation (EC) No 716/2007 of the European Parliament and of the Council on Community statistics on the structure and activity of foreign affiliates, as regards the quality reports (Text with EEA relevance)
OTHER LEGAL ACTS
The dissemination of data collected for the purpose of producing official statistics is guided by the requirements provided for in § 32, § 34, § 35, § 38 of the Official Statistics Act.
The treatment of confidential data is regulated by the Procedure for Protection of Data Collected and Processed by Statistics Estonia (in Estonian). See more details on the website of Statistics Estonia in the section Õigusaktid.
Notifications about the dissemination of statistics are published in the release calendar, which is available on the website. Every year on 1 October, the release times of the statistical database, news releases, main indicators by IMF SDDS and publications for the following year are announced in the release calendar (in the case of publications – the release month).
All users have been granted equal access to official statistics: dissemination dates of official statistics are announced in advance and no user category (incl. Eurostat, state authorities and mass media) is provided access to official statistics before other users. Official statistics are first published in the statistical database. If there is also a news release, it is published simultaneously with data in the statistical database. Official statistics are available on the website at 8:00 a.m. on the date announced in the release calendar.
Data are published under the subject area “Economy / Financial statistics of enterprises” in the statistical database at http://pub.stat.ee.
The dissemination of data collected for the purpose of producing official statistics is guided by the requirements provided for in § 33, § 34, § 35, § 36, § 38 of the Access to microdata and anonymisation of microdata are regulated by Statistics Estonia’s procedure for dissemination of confidential data for scientific purposes.
Foreign Affiliates Statistics (FATS). Recommendations Manual, Eurostat (2012)
“Quality Report on Inward FATS” submitted to Eurostat
To assure the quality of processes and products, Statistics Estonia applies the EFQM Excellence Model, the European Statistics Code of Practice and the Quality Assurance Framework of the European Statistical System (ESS QAF). Statistics Estonia is also guided by the requirements in § 7. “Principles and quality criteria of producing official statistics” of the Official Statistics Act.
Statistics Estonia performs all statistical activities according to an international model (Generic Statistical Business Process Model – GSBPM). According to the GSBPM, the final phase of statistical activities is overall evaluation using information gathered in each phase or sub-process; this information can take many forms, including feedback from users, process metadata, system metrics and suggestions from employees. This information is used to prepare the evaluation report which outlines all the quality problems related to the specific statistical activity and serves as input for improvement actions.
Ministry of Economic Affairs and Communications
Ministry of Finance
Eesti Pank (central bank of Estonia)
Users’ suggestions and information about taking these into account are available on the website of Statistics Estonia at http://www.stat.ee/statistikatood.
Since 1996, Statistics Estonia has conducted reputation and user satisfaction surveys. All results are available on the website of Statistics Estonia in the section User surveys.
Corresponds to rules (regulations)
Data is in general comparable with European Union Member States as the legal basis and harmonised methodology was adopted with the FATS (Foreign AffiliaTes Statistics) Regulation in 2007.
In a number of Member States size thresholds are applied to the survey population, i.e. only larger enterprises are surveyed exhaustively; smaller units are sampled or not included at all. Estonian data refer to enterprises with 20 or more persons employed and thus are not comparable with the data for many other Member States.
Time series based on the common methodology start from 2008. Due to the elaboration of the definition of the enterprise since 2018, there may be a redistribution of indicators between economic activities (legal entities belonging to the group may be consolidated into one enterprise).
Data of foreign affiliates by the ultimate controlling country (IFATS):
The economic indicators of foreign affiliates are part of the annual economic indicators of enterprises, expressing the economic indicators of enterprises with 20 or more persons employed (excl. enterprises engaged in agriculture, forestry and fishing, and financial and insurance activities) by controlling country.
The outputs of the statistical activity are coherent.
The data revision policy and notification of corrections are described in the section Principles of dissemination of official statistics of the website of Statistics Estonia.
The published data may be revised if the methodology is modified, errors are discovered, new or better data become available.
Annual reports of enterprises are received from the commercial register of the Centre of Registers and Infomation Systems. Data on the following tax returns are received from the Estonian Tax and Customs Board: value added tax return (form KMD); declaration of income and social tax, unemployment insurance premiums and contributions to mandatory funded pension (form TSD).
DATA FROM OTHER STATISTICAL ACTIVITIES
Data from statistical activities 20300 “Financial statistics of enterprises (annual)” and 20904 “Enterprise groups” are used.
Data from the Estonian Tax and Customs Board are received via X-road and an FTP-server. Data from the commercial register are received via X-Road.
Arithmetic and qualitative controls are used in the validation process, including comparison with other data. Before data dissemination, the internal coherence of the data is checked.
In the case of missing or unreliable data, estimate imputation based on established regulations is used.
Variables and statistical units which were not collected but which are necessary for producing the output are calculated. New variables are calculated by applying arithmetic conversion to already existing variables. This may be done repeatedly, the derived variable may, in turn, be based on previously derived new variables.
Microdata are aggregated to the level necessary for analysis. This includes aggregating the data according to the classification, and calculating various statistical measures, e.g. average, median, dispersion, etc.
The collected data are converted into statistical output. This includes calculating additional indicators.