Enterprise groups and part-time work characterise agriculture in Estonia
According to the data of the 2020 Agricultural Census conducted by Statistics Estonia, agriculture in Estonia is characterised by concentration in enterprise groups, working part-time and having other gainful activities.
According to Eve Valdvee, leading analyst at Statistics Estonia and project manager of the Agricultural Census, a significant share of agricultural production in Estonia takes place in large enterprises. “In addition, agricultural holdings include 314 enterprises that belong to enterprise groups. Group enterprises account for around a third of agricultural production in Estonia,” said Valdvee.
The number of enterprise groups is not big but they hold 18% of the utilised agricultural land in Estonia and account for 33% of bovine animals, 62% of pigs and 82% of poultry. Most enterprise groups are Estonian-controlled but there are also foreign-controlled groups. The latter account for 10% of production, 3% of the utilised agricultural area, 7% of bovine animals, 35% of pig farming and 82% of poultry farming.
Part-time work is common in agriculture. The share of full-time workers among the 11,400 agricultural holdings in Estonia was just 37%. Managers work full-time more frequently in the holdings of legal persons, where 32% of them worked full-time. In the holdings of natural persons, less than 20% of managers worked full-time.
There are 3,700 legal person and 7,700 natural person agricultural holdings in Estonia. Of the natural person holdings, 12% have other holding-related gainful activities, most often forestry, tourism, contract work* and processing of raw timber. The less common secondary activities are, for example, fish farming and renewable energy production. The share of non-agricultural activities is usually less than a tenth, while for 16% of holdings, agriculture is a secondary activity.
Read more about the Agricultural Census.
Agricultural Census was co-financed by the European Commission.
* Non-agricultural contract work as well as agricultural contract work for other holdings.
More detailed data have been published in the statistical database.