Environmental protection expenditure accounts (macro-level)
Statistical activity code: 10107
Environmental protection expenditure accounts consist of data on investments, output, transfers, export, import and also supply and use of environmental protection services.
Estonian Classification of Economic Activities (EMTAK 2008) based on NACE Rev. 2
Classification of Environmental Protection Activities and Expenditure (CEPA 2000)
Environmental protection expenditure accounts (macro-data) cover all institutional sectors that are used in European system of accounts.
Ancillary output – a supporting activity undertaken within an enterprise in order to enable the principal or secondary activities of local KAUs (kind of activity unit) to be carried out. Environmental protection ancillary activities are aimed to prevent, reduce or eliminate pollution and of any other degradation of the environment.
Consumer price – the price the purchaser pays for the products. Basic price plus taxes on products less subsidies on products plus trade and transport margins.
Consumption of environmental protection services – used environmental services in accounting period and investments made for producing environmental services. Consumption includes final consumption, intermediate consumption and investments.
Environmental products – products that have been produced for the purpose of environmental protection. Environmental protection includes all activities and actions which have as their main purpose the prevention, reduction and elimination of pollution and of any other degradation of the environment.
Environment protection investments (gross fixed capital formation) – consists of resident producers’ acquisitions less disposals of fixed assets during a given period plus certain additions to the value of non-produced assets realised by the productive activity of producer or institutional units. Fixed assets are produced assets used in production for more than one year.
Environmental research and development – creative work undertaken on a systematic basis in order to increase the stock of knowledge and the use of this knowledge to devise new applications in the field of environmental protection. The class covers all research and development (R&D) activities and expenditures oriented towards environmental protection: the identification and analysis of sources of pollution, the mechanisms of the dispersion of pollutants in the environment, and the effects of pollution on human beings, species and the biosphere. It covers R&D for the prevention and elimination of all forms of pollution, and also R&D oriented towards equipment and instruments for the measurement and analysis of pollution.
General government – consists of institutional units which are non-market producers whose output is intended for individual and collective consumption, and are financed by compulsory payments made by units belonging to other sectors.
Households – consists of individuals or groups of individuals as consumers and as entrepreneurs producing market goods and non-financial and financial services (market producers) provided that the production of goods and services is not by separate entities treated as quasi-corporations. It also includes individuals or groups of individuals as producers of goods and non-financial services for exclusively own final use.
Market output – consists of output that is disposed of on the market or intended to be disposed of on the market.
National expenditure on environment protection – calculated summing all types of expenditure: final consumption, intermediate consumption, GFCF (gross fixed capital formation) and net transfers from/to the rest of the world.
Noise and vibration abatement – measures and activities aimed at the control, reduction and abatement of industrial and transport noise and vibration. Activities for the abatement of neighborhood noise (e.g. soundproofing of dancing halls, etc.) and for the abatement of noise in places frequented by the public (e.g. swimming pools, schools, etc.) are included.
Non-financial corporations - consists of institutional units which are independent legal entities and market producers, and whose principal activity is the production of goods and non-financial services.
Non-market output – output that is provided to other units for free, or at prices that are not economically significant.
Non-profit institutions serving households (NPISH) – consists of non-profit institutions which are separate legal entities, which serve households and which are private non-market producers. Their principal resources are voluntary contributions in cash or in kind from households in their capacity as consumers, from payments made by general government and from property income.
Other environmental protection activities – all environmental protection activities which are not classified elsewhere in CEPA (Classification of Environmental Protection Activities) and which take the form of general environmental administration and management activities or training or teaching activities specifically oriented towards environmental protection or which consist of public information. It also includes activities leading to indivisible classification, in addition to activities not classified elsewhere.
Protection against radiation – activities and measures aimed at the reduction or elimination of the negative consequences of radiation emitted from any source. It includes the handling, transportation and treatment of high-level radioactive waste, i.e. waste that, because of its high radionuclide content, requires shielding during normal handling and transportation.
Protection and remediation of soil, groundwater and surface water – measures and activities aimed at the prevention of pollutant infiltration, the cleaning up of soils and water bodies and the protection of soil from erosion and other physical degradation and from salinisation. The monitoring and control of soil and groundwater pollution are included.
Protection of ambient air and climate – measures and activities aimed at the reduction of emissions into the ambient air or ambient concentrations of air pollutants, and at the control of emissions of greenhouse gases and gases that adversely affect the stratospheric ozone layer
Protection of biodiversity and landscapes – measures and activities aimed at the protection and rehabilitation of fauna and flora species, ecosystems and habitats as well as natural and semi-natural landscapes. The maintenance and establishment of certain landscape types, biotopes, eco-zones and related issues (hedgerows, lines of trees to re-establish “natural corridors”) have a clear link to the preservation of biodiversity.
Resident – a unit that has a centre of predominant economic interest on the economic territory of that country — that is, when it engages for an extended period (one year or more) in economic activities on this territory.
Rest of the world – grouping of units without any characteristic functions and resources; it consists of non-resident units insofar as they are engaged in transactions with resident institutional units, or have other economic links with resident units.
Specialist producers – local KAU (kind of activity unit) whose primary activity is the production of EP services.
Transfers – all current or capital transfers intended to support environmental protection activities and actions.
Waste management – activities and measures aimed at the prevention of the generation of waste and at the reduction of its harmful effect on the environment. It includes the collection and treatment of waste, including monitoring and regulation activities. It also includes recycling and composting, the collection and treatment of low-level radioactive waste, street cleaning and the collection of public litter.
Wastewater management – activities and measures aimed at the prevention of the pollution of surface water, by reducing the release of wastewater into inland surface water and seawater. It includes the collection and treatment of wastewater, including monitoring and regulation activities.
Producer of environmental protection services
User of environmental protection services, financer
Estonia as a whole
DIRECTLY APPLICABLE LEGAL ACTS
Regulation (EU) No 691/2011 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 6 July 2011 on European environmental economic accounts
Regulation (EU) No 538/2014 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 16 April 2014 amending Regulation (EU) No 691/2011 on European environmental economic accounts (Text with EEA relevance)
Commission Regulation (EC) No 251/2009 of 11 March 2009 implementing and amending Regulation (EC) No 295/2008 of the European Parliament and of the Council as regards the series of data to be produced for structural business statistics and the adaptations necessary after the revision of the statistical classification of products by activity (CPA)
Regulation (EC) No 295/2008 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 11 March 2008 concerning structural business statistics (recast) Annex VIII
OTHER LEGAL ACTS
Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD)
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Data are published under the subject area “Environment / Environmental accounts” in the statistical database at http://pub.stat.ee.
The dissemination of data collected for the purpose of producing official statistics is guided by the requirements provided for in § 33, § 34, § 35, § 36, § 38 of the Access to microdata and anonymisation of microdata are regulated by Statistics Estonia’s procedure for dissemination of confidential data for scientific purposes.
Data serve as input for statistical activity 10106 “Environmental goods and services sector accounts”.
Environmental expenditure statistics: Industry data collection handbook, Eurostat (2005)
Environmental expenditure statistics. General Government and Specialised Producers data collection handbook, Eurostat (2007)
SERIEE Environmental Protection Expenditure Accounts – Compilation Guide, Eurostat (2002)
Environmental Protection Expenditure Accounts. Handbook, Eurostat (2017)
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Ministry of the Environment
Ministry of Finance
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In compliance with the rules (regulations)
The data revision policy and notification of corrections are described in the section Principles of dissemination of official statistics of the website of Statistics Estonia.
The published data may be revised if the methodology is modified, errors are discovered, new or better data become available.
Regular revisions are carried out annually in accordance with the national accounts methodology.
Annual reports are received from the commercial register of the Centre of Registers and Infomation Systems.
Data on payments of transfers of Green Investment Scheme are received from the Ministry of the Environment.
Data on exports and imports of services are received from the Eesti Pank (the central bank of Estonia).
Data on amount of waste, wastewater and domestic water are received from the Estonian Environment Agency.
Data of investments in construction of road barries and cycle and pedestrian tracks, as well as data on the number of vehicles, their age and technical inspections are received from the Estonian Road Administration.
Data on payments of transfers of Environmental Investment Centre are received from Estonian Environmental Investment Centre.
Data on payments of transfers of the European Union Structural Funds are received from the Ministry of Finance.
Data on environmental transfers are received from the Estonian Agricultural Registers and Information Board.
Data on expenditures made for protection of forests under environmental protection are received from the State Forest Management Centre.
DATA FROM OTHER STATISTICAL ACTIVITIES
Data from statistical activities 20300 “Financial statistics of enterprises (annual)”, 10101 “Environmental protection expenditure accounts”, 10106 “Environmental goods and services sector accounts”, 21303 “Government finance”, 21408 “Supply and use tables”, 20001 “Financial statistics of non-profit organisations”, 21401 “National accounts (annual)”, 21701 “Research and development”, 22027 “Registered motor vehicles”, 40203 “Household Budget Survey” and 40701 “Labour Force Survey” are used.
Administrative data are received via X-Road, an FTP-server and by e-mail.
The data are compared with the data of previous periods. The data are checked against the National Accounts data.
Variables and statistical units which were not collected but which are necessary for producing the output are calculated.
The environmental protection expenditures account is mandatory according to Regulation (EU) No 538/2014 of the European Parliament and the Council of the European Union amending regulation No 691/2011 on European environmental economic accounts. The first year for which data is compiled is 2014. The transmission of data starts according to the implementation of the regulation in 2017.