Energy consumption and production (annual)
Statistical activity code: 20206
Energy balance sheet; consumption of fuels by type of fuel and branch of economy; capacity and production of power plants by type of generator; energy efficiency indicators
Combined Nomenclature (CN)
List of Products of the European Community (PRODCOM List)
Fuels are classified according to the standard code list of fuels. The standard code list is based on the Standard International Energy Products Classification (SIEC).
Estonian Classification of Economic Activities (EMTAK 2008) based on NACE Rev. 2
Classification of activities used for the publication of the data for the tables
FE0230 and FE0240:
B 07 (excl. 0721) + B 08 (excl. 0892) + B 09–C 33 + F 41–43 - Industry total
C 241 + C 242 + C 243 + C 2451 + C 2452 - Iron and steel industry
C 20 + C 21 - Chemical industry
C 244 + C 2453 + C 2454 - Production of non-ferrous metals
C 23 - Production of other non-metallic mineral products
C 29 + C 30 + C 33 - Production of transport equipment
C 25 + C 26 + C 27 + C 28 - Production of metal, machinery, computer, electronics
B 07 (excl. 0721) + B 08 (excl. 0892) + B 099 - Mining and quarrying
C 10 + C 11 + C 12 - Food processing, beverages and tobacco
C 17 + C 18 - Pulp, paper and printing industry
C 16 - Production of wood and wood products
F 41 + F 42 + F 43 - Construction
C 13 + C 14 + C 15 - Textile, leather and clothing industry
C 22 + C 31 + C 32 - Other industries
B 05 + B 06 + B 0892 + B 091 + C 19 + D 35 + B 0721 - Energy sector
A 01 + A 02 + A 03 - Agriculture and fishing
H 49 + H 50 + H 51 - Transport total
H 491 + H 492 - Railway transport
H 49 (excl. 491) + H 492 - Road transport
H 50 - Waterway transport
H 51 - Air transport
E 36–39 + G 45–47 + H 52–I 56 + J 58–U 98 - Commercial and public services
EMTAK: 07, 08, except 0892, 09-33, 41-43
EMTAK: 05, 06, 0892, 091, 19, 35, 0721
Agriculture and fishing
EMTAK: 01, 02, 03
EMTAK: 49, 50, 51
Commercial and public services
EMTAK: 36-39, 45-47, 52-56, 58-98
Average cost of energy and fuels – ratio of expenses to the quantity of fuel or energy in enterprises during the year.
Combined heat and power (CHP) – production of both heat and electricity by fuel combustion.
Consumption in transformation sector – all fuels that are converted for the purpose of obtaining other fuel products. Conversion means the physical or chemical treatment of fuels, resulting in other energy resources, electricity and / or heat. Consumption does not include quantities of fuels used for heating or combustion in the conversion process.
Electricity generated from renewable energy sources – ratio between the electricity produced from renewable energy sources and the gross national electricity consumption. The gross national electricity consumption comprises the total gross national electricity generation from all fuels plus electricity imports, minus exports. That indicator is calculated by the Eurostat.
Energy dependency – shows the extent to which an economy relies upon imports in order to meet its energy needs. The indicator is calculated as net imports divided by the sum of gross inland energy consumption. That indicator is calculated by the Eurostat.
Energy efficiency – indicator shows the amount of gross domestic product (GDP) generated per unit of energy and is expressed as a ratio of the GDP to gross inland energy consumption in one calendar year. The GDP has been calculated using the chain-linking method, with 2010 as reference year. That indicator is calculated by the Eurostat.
Energy recourses – the sum of primary energy production, imports and changes in inventories less exports. For all products, energy resources are one of the most important energy balance aggregates and represent the amount of energy needed to meet all the energy needs of entities operating under the authority of the country in question.
Enterprise – an enterprise consists of one or more companies (public limited company, private limited company, limited partnership, general partnership, commercial association) or branches of foreign companies or sole proprietors. Energy statistics do not cover branches of foreign companies and sole proprietors.
Final consumption of energy (calculated) – all energy available to final customers. The sum of domestic consumption and productivity in the transformation sector minus the quantities consumed in the transformation sector, own consumption in the energy sector and losses.
Final consumption of energy (observed) – final energy consumption in all sectors. Actual final energy consumption = industrial sector + transport sector + other sectors.
Fuels used for non-energy purposes – includes fuels that are not used as fuel or transformed, but are used as raw materials, such as oil shale and natural gas consumed as raw materials in the chemical industry, and liquid fuels consumed as paving and lubricating oils.
Imports/exports – unless specified differently, “imports” refer to ultimate origin (the country in which the energy product was produced) for use in the country and “exports” to the ultimate country of consumption of the produced energy product. Amounts are considered as imported or exported when they have crossed the political boundaries of the country, whether customs clearance has taken place or not.
Losses – all losses which occur due to transport and distribution. In the case of electricity, indicates network losses.
Marine bunkering – quantities of fuels delivered to ships of all flags that are engaged in international navigation. The international navigation may take place at sea, on inland lakes and waterways, and in coastal waters.
Inland consumption – domestic consumption includes own consumption of the energy sector, network and transformation losses, final consumption and statistical differences. Domestic consumption does not include bunkering of seagoing vessels. For fuels produced in the transformation sector, domestic consumption may be negative.
International navigation – quantities of aviation fuels delivered to aircraft used for international carriage by air. The division of air transport into domestic and international is based on the place of departure and landing and not on the nationality of the airline.
Own use of energy sector – energy produced and purchased for energy producers and transformation companies themselves. Indicates the quantities used in the energy sector required for mining, conversion processes, electricity and / or heat production.
Primary energy production – energy from a natural source, which is consumed directly without converting it previously into other forms of energy. Primary energy sources in Estonia are oil shale, peat, firewood, wood chips, wood waste and biogas, but also coal, natural gas, liquefied gas, heavy fuel oil, light fuel oil, diesel, motor gasoline and aviation gasoline, which are imported. It covered also hydro, wind and solar energy.
Produced in transformation sector – fuels and energy resources produced by conversion.
Renewable energy sources – energy from non-fossil sources. These include wind energy, solar energy, geothermal energy, wave energy, tidal energy, hydropower, biomass, landfill gas, sewage treatment gas and biogases.
Share of renewable energy in fuel consumption of transport – the amount of energy from renewable sources consumed in transport (all types of energy from renewable sources consumed in all forms of transport shall be taken into account). That indicator is calculated by the Eurostat.
Share of renewable energy in gross final energy consumption – the contribution of renewable energy to gross final energy consumption. The gross final consumption of energy from renewable sources is calculated as the sum of: gross final consumption of electricity from renewable energy sources, gross final consumption of energy from renewable sources for heating and cooling and final consumption of energy from renewable sources in transport. That indicator is calculated by the Eurostat.
Statistical difference – the difference between the final energy available and the energy actually consumed. A statistical difference with a negative value means that final consumption was higher than energy production. A positive statistical difference indicates that consumption was lower than production.
Stocks changes – change in fuel stocks held in the country during the year. Stocks do not include unexploited resources. A stock build is shown as a negative number and a stock draw is shown as a positive number.
Supply of energy – equal to total consumption, including storage and transport losses; obtained by decoupling international aviation from energy resources.
Enterprises who produce and consume energy; institutions, organisations and households who consume energy; enterprises authorised to sell electricity
List of economically active units generated from the Business Register for Statistical Purposes
Estonia as a whole
Counties – data about fuel consumption
Basic data on energy quantities are in fuel specific units, e.g. liquid fuels in thousand tonnes, electricity in kilowatt-hours, while structural data on the capacity of installations are in megawatt, thousand tonnes per year (production capacity) or thousand square meters of installed surface in case of solar panels. The basic energy quantities data are converted to energy units, i.e. in terajoules and tonnes of oil equivalent to allow the addition of different nature fuel types.
Production, imports, exports and sales of electricity; production of heat – gigawatt hour, terajoule
Consumption of fuel for energy production – natural unit (depending on the type of fuel), terajoule; cost of consumed fuel – thousand euros
Stocks – natural (depending on the type of fuel), terajoule
Electrical and heating power – megawatt
Share – %
DIRECTLY APPLICABLE LEGAL ACTS
Commission Regulation (EU) 2017/2010 of 9 November 2017 amending Regulation (EC) No 1099/2008 of the European Parliament and of the Council on energy statistics, as regards the updates for the annual and monthly energy statistics (Text with EEA relevance. )
Commission Regulation (EU) 2019/2146 of 26 November 2019 amending Regulation (EC) No 1099/2008 of the European Parliament and of the Council on energy statistics, as regards the implementation of updates for the annual, monthly and short-term monthly energy statistics (Text with EEA relevance)
Regulation (EC) No 1099/2008 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 22 October 2008 on energy statistics
Commission Regulation (EU) No 431/2014 of 24 April 2014 amending Regulation (EC) No 1099/2008 of the European Parliament and of the Council on energy statistics, as regards the implementation of annual statistics on energy consumption in households (Text with EEA relevance)
Commission Regulation (EU) No 147/2013 of 13 February 2013 amending Regulation (EC) No 1099/2008 of the European Parliament and of the Council on energy statistics, as regards the implementation of updates for the monthly and annual energy statistics
Commission Regulation (EU) 2022/132 of 28 January 2022 amending Regulation (EC) No 1099/2008 of the European Parliament and of the Council on energy statistics, as regards the implementation of updates for the annual, monthly and short-term monthly energy statistics
OTHER LEGAL ACTS
International Energy Agency (IEA)
Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD)
United Nations Organisation (UNO)
Statistical Office of the European Union (Eurostat)
The dissemination of data collected for the purpose of producing official statistics is guided by the requirements provided for in § 32, § 34, § 35, § 38 of the Official Statistics Act.
The dissemination of data collected for the production of official statistics is based on the requirements laid down in §§ 34 and 35 of the Official Statistics Act.
The principles for treatment of confidential data can be found here.
Notifications about the dissemination of statistics are published in the release calendar, which is available on the website. Every year on 1 October, the release times of the statistical database, news releases, main indicators by IMF SDDS and publications for the following year are announced in the release calendar (in the case of publications – the release month).
All users have been granted equal access to official statistics: dissemination dates of official statistics are announced in advance and no user category (incl. Eurostat, state authorities and mass media) is provided access to official statistics before other users. Official statistics are first published in the statistical database. If there is also a news release, it is published simultaneously with data in the statistical database. Official statistics are available on the website at 8:00 a.m. on the date announced in the release calendar.
Data are published in the statistical database at https://andmed.stat.ee/en/stat under the subject areas “Economy / Energy / Energy consumption and production / Annual statistics” in all tables
and under the subject areas “Economy / Energy / Energy efficiency indicators” in the following table:
KE36: Energy efficiency indicators.
Table KE07 (Fuel consumption by type of fuel and county) includes data until 2019.
The dissemination of data collected for the purpose of producing official statistics is guided by the requirements provided for in § 33, § 34, § 35, § 36, § 38 of the Official Statistics Act. Access to microdata and anonymisation of microdata are regulated by Statistics Estonia’s procedure for dissemination of confidential data for scientific purposes.
Data serve as input for statistical activities 10104 “Environmental taxes accounts”, 10406 “Air emissions accounts”, 20407 “Consumer price index”, 20408 “Producer price index of industrial output”, 21401 “National accounts (annual)”, 21407 “Sector accounts”, 21408 “Supply and use tables”, 50101 “Regional development” and 50201 “Sustainable development indicators”.
Energy Statistics Manual, OECD, IEA, Eurostat (2005)
Regulation (EC) No 1099/2008 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 22 October 2008 on energy statistics
To assure the quality of processes and products, Statistics Estonia applies the EFQM Excellence Model, the European Statistics Code of Practice and the Quality Assurance Framework of the European Statistical System (ESS QAF). Statistics Estonia is also guided by the requirements in § 7. “Principles and quality criteria of producing official statistics” of the Official Statistics Act.
Statistics Estonia performs all statistical activities according to an international model (Generic Statistical Business Process Model – GSBPM). According to the GSBPM, the final phase of statistical activities is overall evaluation using information gathered in each phase or sub-process; this information can take many forms, including feedback from users, process metadata, system metrics and suggestions from employees. This information is used to prepare the evaluation report which outlines all the quality problems related to the specific statistical activity and serves as input for improvement actions.
Ministry of the Environment
Ministry of Economic Affairs and Communications
Ministry of Rural Affairs
Eesti Pank (central bank of Estonia)
Ministry of Finance
Ministry of the Interior
Ministry of Social Affairs
Tallinn City Office
Tartu County Government
The Estonian Environment Agency
Local government institutions
Since 1996, Statistics Estonia has conducted reputation and user satisfaction surveys. All results are available on the website of Statistics Estonia in the section User surveys.
The statistics are in compliance with the volumes and deadlines of Regulation (EC) No 1099/2008 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 22 October 2008.
Common international methodology allows comparing the data collected on the basis of the energy statistics regulation across countries.
Import and export data are comparable in the energy balance sheet as of 2012 when re-exports were included (export of something that has been imported to Estonia (e.g. fuel)). The data of electricity and heat from wood and biogas are presented separately and comparable in a time series from 2009 and 2013, respectively.
Datasets, which are created on the basis of the energy statistics regulation, are coherent at enterprises' economic activity level with Statistics Estonia's statistics of other domains through the definition of statistical units (enterprises, institutions and organisations) in the statistical business register (statistical profile).
The coherence of data is ensured through relevant checks applied on variables in the collection process.
The data revision policy and notification of corrections are described in the section Principles of dissemination of official statistics of the website of Statistics Estonia.
The published data may be revised if the methodology is modified, errors are discovered, new or better data become available.
The total population is 70,000 objects. The sample includes 5,000 objects.
Energy data are collected from all producers, sellers and storers of fuel, electricity and heat, and all rail, water and air transport enterprises. In the case of other energy consumers, sample survey is used. The total population includes economically active units. All units with at least 50 employees are surveyed, and a random sample is drawn from all other units.
An extensive outturn account is received from the information system of governmental accounts of the State Shared Service Centre: maintenance costs of registered immovables, buildings, premises, real estate investments and structures (heating and thermal heat – accounts 551100, 551120, 551130, 551200; electricity – accounts 55101, 551121, 551131, 551210), vehicle maintenance costs (fuel – account 551300). Number of objects: 2,000.
Data on stocks in excise warehouses and inland consumption of liquid fuels are received from the Estonian Tax and Customs Board.
Data on sources of pollution received from the Estonian Environment Agency are used for pre-filling questionnaire “Energy”.
DATA FROM OTHER STATISTICAL ACTIVITIES
Data from statistical activity 22303 “Foreign trade” are used.
Data are collected and the submission of questionnaires is monitored through eSTAT (the web channel for electronic data submission). The questionnaires have been designed for independent completion in eSTAT and include instructions and controls. The questionnaires and information about data submission are available on the website of Statistics Estonia in the section Questionnaires.
Data are collected with the annual official statistics questionnaires “Power plant”, “Energy” and “Consumption of fuels and energy”.
Arithmetic and qualitative controls are used in the validation process, including comparison with other data. Before data dissemination, the internal coherence of the data is checked.
In the case of missing or unreliable data, estimate imputation based on established regulations will be used. The data of the enterprises that did not submit the questionnaire are replaced with the corresponding data averages of similar enterprises. Administrative data are used for checking and imputation.
Variables and statistical units which were not collected but which are necessary for producing the output are calculated. New variables are calculated by applying arithmetic conversion to already existing variables. This may be done repeatedly, the derived variable may, in turn, be based on previously derived new variables.
For statistical units weights are calculated, which are used to expand the data of the sample survey to the total population.
Microdata are aggregated to the level necessary for analysis. This includes aggregating the data according to the classification, and calculating various statistical measures, e.g. average, median, dispersion, etc.
The collected data are converted into statistical output. This includes calculating additional indicators. In order to obtain data about the energy consumption of households, non-regular surveys are organised over a few years. In the years when the survey does not take place, data are estimated based on the data structure of the previous survey, the data of enterprises selling fuel and the data from the Household Budget Survey. The last survey on household energy consumption took place in 2011.