Tourism satellite account
Statistical activity code: 21403
The main indicators of tourism satellite accounts: tourism output, tourism gross value added, net taxes on tourism products, tourism GDP and tourism gross fixed capital formation
Estonian Classification of Economic Activities (EMTAK 2008) based on NACE Rev. 2
Statistical Classification of Products by Activity in the European Economic Community (CPA 2008)
According to the Eurostat “European Implementation Manual on Tourism Satellite Accounts”, all goods and services are classified into tourism specific products and non-specific products.
All economic activities
Domestic tourism – activities of resident visitors travelling in Estonia and visiting places outside their usual environment.
Domestic visitor – a resident of Estonia who travels within Estonia and visits places outside his/her usual environment.
Inbound tourism – activities of non-resident visitors travelling to and staying in Estonia and outside their usual environment.
Internal tourism – tourism of visitors, both resident and non-resident, within the economic territory of the country of reference.
Job – explicit or implicit contract between a person and a resident institutional unit to perform work in return for compensation for a defined period or until further notice. It also includes the second, third, etc. job of the same person. In tourism satellite accounts it is assumed that the performed work is directly related to visitors services.
Non-resident – a person who has a citizenship of a foreign country or, in case of missing citizenship, who has a permanent residence abroad.
Non-resident visitor – a person who travels outside his/her residence country and usual environment for a period not exceeding 12 consecutive months and whose main purpose of visit is not a remunerated activity at destination.
Non-specific industry – industry that is not characteristic or connected with tourism, but could include products consumed by visitors.
Non-specific product – product that is not defined as tourism specific product, but could be consumed by visitors.
Resident – Estonian citizens residing in Estonia; aliens residing in Estonia with a permanent residence permit or with a temporary residence permit for at least one year; Estonian citizens studying or receiving medical treatment abroad, regardless of the length of studies or medical treatment; diplomats, military personnel, staff of consular and other representative offices as well as their family members staying abroad and enjoying immunity and diplomatic privileges; ship crews, seasonal and border workers, regardless of the duration of their residence on the territory of a foreign country.
Tourism – activities of persons travelling to and staying in places outside one’s usual environment for not more than 12 consecutive months for leisure, business or other purposes.
Tourism characteristic industry – an industry where its characteristic products represent a significant share of tourism consumption.
Tourism characteristic product – product that represents a significant share of tourism consumption and whose absence might significantly affect tourism consumption.
Tourism connected industry – an industry where products connected with tourism are easily identified and consumed by visitors.
Tourism connected product – a product that is not defined as tourism characteristic product but represents a certain share in tourism consumption.
Tourism consumption – the total consumption expenditure of visitors during the trip and at destination.
Tourism specific product – tourism characteristic product or tourism connected product.
Visitor – a person travelling to a place out of his/her usual environment for less than 12 consecutive months and whose main purpose of visit is not a remunerated activity at the destination.
Estonia as a whole
Tourism employment 2003–…
DIRECTLY APPLICABLE LEGAL ACTS
Regulation (EU) No 549/2013 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 21 May 2013 on the European system of national and regional accounts in the European Union (Text with EEA relevance)
Council Regulation (EC) No 2223/96 of 25 June 1996 on the European system of national and regional accounts in the Community
OTHER LEGAL ACTS
Statistical Office of the European Union (Eurostat)
The dissemination of data collected for the purpose of producing official statistics is guided by the requirements provided for in § 32, § 34, § 35, § 38 of the Official Statistics Act.
The treatment of confidential data is regulated by the Procedure for Protection of Data Collected and Processed by Statistics Estonia: http://www.stat.ee/66485.
Notifications about the dissemination of statistics are published in the release calendar, which is available on the website. Every year on 1 October, the release times of the statistical database, news releases, main indicators by IMF SDDS and publications for the following year are announced in the release calendar (in the case of publications – the release month).
All users have been granted equal access to official statistics: dissemination dates of official statistics are announced in advance and no user category (incl. Eurostat, state authorities and mass media) is provided access to official statistics before other users. Official statistics are first published in the statistical database. If there is also a news release, it is published simultaneously with data in the statistical database. Official statistics are available on the website at 8:00 a.m. on the date announced in the release calendar.
Data are published under the subject area “Economy / National accounts” in the statistical database at http://pub.stat.ee.
The dissemination of data collected for the purpose of producing official statistics is guided by the requirements provided for in § 33, § 34, § 35, § 36, § 38 of the Official Statistics Act. Access to microdata and anonymisation of microdata are regulated by Statistics Estonia’s procedure for dissemination of confidential data for scientific purposes: http://www.stat.ee/dokumendid/51669.
European System of Accounts 2010 (ESA 2010)
Eurostat Methodologies and Working papers – Tourism Satellite Accounts in the European Union and Tourism Satellite Account: Recommended Methodological Framework (2008)
To assure the quality of processes and products, Statistics Estonia applies the EFQM Excellence Model, the European Statistics Code of Practice and the Quality Assurance Framework of the European Statistical System (ESS QAF). Statistics Estonia is also guided by the requirements in § 7. “Principles and quality criteria of producing official statistics” of the Official Statistics Act.
Statistics Estonia performs all statistical activities according to an international model (Generic Statistical Business Process Model – GSBPM). According to the GSBPM, the final phase of statistical activities is overall evaluation using information gathered in each phase or sub-process; this information can take many forms, including feedback from users, process metadata, system metrics and suggestions from employees. This information is used to prepare the evaluation report which outlines all the quality problems related to the specific statistical activity and serves as input for improvement actions.
Ministry of Economic Affairs and Communications
EAS Estonian Tourist Board
Users’ suggestions and information about taking these into account are available on the website of Statistics Estonia at http://www.stat.ee/statistikatood.
Since 1996, Statistics Estonia has conducted reputation and user satisfaction surveys.
All results are available on the website at http://www.stat.ee/user-surveys.
In compliance with the rules (regulations)
The geographical comparability of national accounts in Member States of the European Union is ensured by the application of common definitions of the European System of Accounts (ESA 2010). Worldwide geographical comparison is also possible as most non-European countries apply the System of National Accounts (SNA 2008) guidelines, and SNA 2008 is consistent with ESA 2010.
The Tourism Satellite Account (TSA) is compiled according to EMTAK 2008 (NACE Rev.2) and CPA 2008, and is comparable over time from 2008 onwards. TSAs for 2000–2007 have been compiled according to EMTAK 2003 (NACE Rev.1.1) and CPA 2002.
In September 2014, Statistics Estonia replaced ESA 95 with the ESA 2010 methodology. Tourism Satellite Accounts for 2011 are compiled according to the ESA 2010.
Since 2014 there is a new item included in expenditures on accommodation services – imputed rentals for real estate owned by non-residents. In more details, it shows the consumption of real estate belonging to Estonian conditional units owned by non-residents for own use (calculated indirectly).
As there is no connection with other fields, cross-sectoral coherence is difficult to assess.
Within the system of national accounts there is full consistency between the domains: annual and quarterly national accounts, government accounts, sector accounts, financial accounts, regional accounts, supply and use tables. However, in practice full consistency may not always be possible and temporary discrepancies might occur. They are usually the result of vintage differences.
The Estonian Tax and Customs Board provides data on income and social tax, unemployment insurance premiums and contributions to mandatory funded pension collected with form TSD and Annexes 4 and 5 to form TSD.
Balance of Payments data are received from the Eesti Pank (the central bank of Estonia).
DATA FROM OTHER STATISTICAL ACTIVITIES
Data from statistical activities 20300 “Financial statistics of enterprises (annual)”, 21408 “Supply and use tables”, 21409 “Input-output tables”, 22101 “Accommodation”, 40202 “Tourism Survey”, 40203 “Household Budget Survey” and 40701 “Labour Force Survey” are used.
Data from the Estonian Tax and Customs Board are received via X-Road and an FTP-server, data from the Eesti Pank (the central bank of Estonia) by e-mail.
Arithmetic and qualitative controls are used in the validation process, including comparison with other data. Before data dissemination, internal coherence of the data is checked.
Collected data are converted into statistical output. This includes calculation of additional indicators.
To evaluate the consumption expenditures made by non-resident visitors when travelling to Estonia the structure of non-resident visitors expenditures, based on the Foreign Visitors Survey, is used. The structure used in previous periods was based on the survey conducted in 2009. Since 2011 the new structure, based on the survey organized in 2014, is used.