Auxiliary indicators to national accounts (until 2015)
Statistical activity code: 21404
Economically active population, unemployed and employed persons by economic activity: employees and self-employed persons (employment, hours worked, number of jobs).
Labour productivity per employee, per hour worked; unit labour cost.
Estonian Classifcation of Economic Activities (EMTAK 2008) based on NACE Rev. 2
Economically active population / labour force – persons who wish and are able to work (total of employed and unemployed persons).
Employed – a person who during the reference period
- worked and was paid as a wage earner, entrepreneur or a free-lancer;
- worked without direct payment in a family enterprise or on his/her own farm;
- was temporarily absent from work.
Employment – covers all persons (both employees and self-employed) engaged in economic activities. Employment is characterised by the number of persons employed.
Hours worked – aggregate number of hours actually worked as an employee or self-employed during the accounting period.
Job – explicit or implicit contract between a person and a resident institutional unit to perform work in return for compensation for a defined period or until further notice. It also includes second, third, etc. jobs of the same person (ESA95).
Labour productivity – output per unit of labour input.
Self-employed – persons who are the sole owners, or joint owners, of the unincorporated enterprises in which they work.
Unemployed – a person who fulfils the following three conditions:
- he or she is without work (does not work anywhere at the moment and is not temporarily absent from work);
- he or she is currently (in the course of two weeks) available for work if there should be work;
- he or she is actively seeking work.
Working-age / labour-age population – the part of the population that is used as the basis when examining the economic activity of the population, or in other words, the population of the age that is the object of a labour force survey (population between the ages of 15 and 74).
Gross national economy
Estonia as a whole
DIRECTLY APPLICABLE LEGAL ACT
Regulation (EU) No 549/2013 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 21 May 2013 on the European system of national and regional accounts in the European Union (Text with EEA relevance)
Council Regulation (EC) No 2223/96 of 25 June 1996 on the European system of national and regional accounts in the Community
Commission Regulation (EU) No 715/2010 of 10 August 2010 amending Council Regulation (EC) No 2223/96 as regards adaptations following the revision of the statistical classification of economic activities NACE Revision 2 and the statistical classification of products by activity (CPA) in national accounts
Regulation (EC) No 1392/2007 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 13 November 2007 amending Council Regulation (EC) No 2223/96 with respect to the transmission of national accounts data
Statistical Office of the European Communities (Eurostat)
International Monetary Fund (IMF)
The dissemination of data collected for the purpose of producing official statistics is guided by the requirements provided for in § 34 and § 35 of the Official Statistics Act.
The treatment of confidential data is regulated by the Procedure for Protection of Data Collected and Processed by Statistics Estonia: http://www.stat.ee/dokumendid/19410.
Notifications about the dissemination of statistics are published in the release calendar, which is available on the website. On 1 October each year, the release times of the Statistical Database, news releases, main indicators by IMF SDDS and publications are announced in the release calendar (in case of publications – the release month).
All users have been granted an equal access to official statistics: this means that the dissemination dates of official statistics have to be announced in advance and no user category (incl. Eurostat, state authorities and mass media) can have access to the official statistics (results of official statistical surveys) before other users. Statistical information is first published in the Statistical Database. In case a news release is published based on the same data, the information provided in the relevant news release is simultaneously published in the Statistical Database. Official statistics are available on the website at 8.00 a.m. on the date announced in the release calender.
Data are published under the heading „Economy/ National accounts” in the Statistical Database in http://pub.stat.ee.
The dissemination of data collected for the purpose of producing official statistics is guided by the requirements provided for in § 34, § 35, § 36, § 37, § 38 of the Official Statistics Act. Access to micro-data and anonymisation of micro-data are regulated by Statistics Estonia’s „Procedure for dissemination of confidential data for scientific purposes”: http://www.stat.ee/dokumendid/51669.
European System of Accounts 1995 (ESA 95)
European System of Accounts 2010 (ESA 2010)
System of National Accounts 1993 (1993 SNA). Commission of the EC, IMF, OECD, UN and WB (1993)
System of National Accounts 2008 (2008 SNA). European Commission, International Monetary Fund, Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development, United Nations, World Bank (2009, New York)
The quality report sent to Eurostat is available at http://epp.eurostat.ec.europa.eu/cache/ITY_SDDS/EN/prc_hicp_nesms_ee.htm.
To assure the quality of processes and products, Statistics Estonia applies the EFQM Excellence Model, EU Statistics Code of Practice and the ESS Quality Assurance Framework (QAF). Statistics Estonia is also guided by the requirements provided for in § 7. „Principles and quality criteria of producing official statistics” of the Official Statistics Act.
Statistics Estonia performs all statistical activities according to an international model (Generic Statistical Business Process Model – GSBPM). According to the GSBPM, the final phase of statistical activities is overall evaluation using information gathered in each phase or sub-process (this information includes, among other things, feedback from users, process metadata, system metrics and suggestions from employees). This information is used to prepare the evaluation report which outlines all the quality problems related to the specific statistical activity and serves as input for improvement actions.
Ministry of Finance
Users’ suggestions and information about taking them into account are available on the SE website http://www.stat.ee/tooplaan.
Since 1996 Statistics Estonia conducts reputation surveys and user surveys.
All results are available on the website http://www.stat.ee/user-surveys.
In compliance with the rules (regulations) ESA 2010.
The accuracy of this labour force accounting depends on quality of source data (especially Labour Force Survey). The accuracy of source data is monitored.
Eurostat and the NSIs try to reduce non-sampling errors through continuous methodological improvements and survey process improvements.
The data are internationally comparable.
Time series compiled according to a common methodology start from 1995.
The time series of hours worked and productivity per hour worked start from 2001.
Labour productivity calculated in Enterprise Statistics Department bases to the data from enterprises sector. Also for calculations of value added different methodology is used comparing to National Accounts Statistics.
The outputs of the statistical activity are coherent.
Information about foreigners working in Estonia on the basis of a temporary work permit is received from the Police and Border Guard Board. The number of members of the armed forces based outside Estonia is received from the Ministry of Defence. The following data are received from the Ministry of Foreign Affairs: number of Estonian residents on diplomatic missions abroad; number of local employees working in the Estonian government agencies located outside the territory of Estonia; total number of employees working in the Estonian government agencies located outside the territory of Estonia; number of foreign employees working in the embassies in the territory of Estonia.
DATA FROM OTHER STATISTICAL ACTIVITIES
Data from statistical activities 21401 „Annual national accounts”, 21405 „Quarterly national accounts” and 40701 „Labour Force Survey” are used.
Arithmetic and qualitative controls are used in the validation process, including comparison with the data of previous periods and other surveys.
The indicators to be published are calculated on the basis of the collected data.
Adjustment is carried out for the series of number of employees, hours worked, number of posts, the economically active population, unemployed persons, labour productivity and unit labour cost. Time series are seasonally and calendar adjusted (ie working day effect is removed).