Financial statistics of trade enterprises (monthly)
Statistical activity code: 21601
Turnover of trade enterprises (excl. wholesale trade and commission trade) by economic activity
Estonian Classification of Economic Activities (EMTAK 2008) based on NACE Rev. 2
Groups of economic activities used in data publication:
G 45 + G 47 - Economic activities total
G 45 - Wholesale, retail trade and repair of motor vehicles and motorcycles
G 451 + G 453 + G 454 - Sale of motor vehicles, their parts and accessories
G 452 - Maintenance and repair of motor vehicles
G 47 - Retail trade, except of motor vehicles and motorcycles
G 4711 - Retail sale in non-specialized stores with food, beverages and tobacco predominating
G 4719 - Retail sale in non-specialized stores
G 472 - Retail sale of food, beverages and tobacco in specialized stores
G 473 - Retail sale of automotive fuel in specialized stores
G 4743 + G 4752 + G 4754 + G 4759 + G 4763 Retail sale of household goods and appliances, hardware and building materials
G 4751 + G 4771 + G 4772 Retail sale of textiles, clothing, footwear and leather goods
G 4773 + G 4774 + G 4775 Retail sale of pharmaceutical and medical goods, cosmetic and toilet articles
G 4741 + G 4742 + G 4753 + G 4761 + G 4762 + G 4764 + G 4765 + G 4776 + G 4777 + G 4778 Retail sale in other specialized stores
G 4791 - Retail sale via mail order houses or via internet
G 4779 + G 4781 + G 4782 + G 4789 + G 4799 - Retail sale of second-hand goods in stores, retail sale via stalls and markets, direct sale
Motor trade and retail trade enterprises, NACE G45 and G47
Motor trade enterprise – enterprise which have the wholesale and retail trade and repair of motor vehicles and motorcycles as the main activity (activity G 45 in the Estonian Classification of Economic Activities (EMTAK)).
Retail trade enterprise – enterprise which first and foremost have the sale of goods (excl. motor vehicles and motorcycles) for mainly household use as the main activity (activity G 47 in the Estonian Classification of Economic Activities (EMTAK)).
Turnover (formerly net sales) – income received or to be received from the sale of all goods and services produced as the main or secondary activity and goods purchased for the purpose of resale, not including VAT and excises.
The moment of the transfer of ownership is considered the moment of sale. The cost of packaging as well as the service fees of commission and agency contracts (commission fee) are included in turnover. Turnover does not include income from the sale of fixed assets; other business income (income from the liquidation of one’s fixed assets, income from fines and interest on arrears, income from buyers’ and suppliers’ exchange rate changes and arrears on expired credit, turnover of previous years identified during the accounting period, received donations, etc.); financial or special income; subsidies from state or local budget or European Union institutions (targeted financing of operating costs); value added tax in the case of VAT payers; excises in the case of manufacturing enterprises and excise warehouse keepers; claims collected on behalf of others (commission and agency contracts).
Enterprises whose main activity is the wholesale and retail trade and repair of motor vehicles and motorcycles or retail trade
List of active enterprises whose main activity is the wholesale and retail trade and repair of motor vehicles and motorcycles or retail trade. The list is generated from the Business Register for Statistical Purposes.
Estonia as a whole
DIRECTLY APPLICABLE LEGAL ACTS
Regulation (EC) No 2019/2152 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 27 November 2019 on European business statistics, repealing 10 legal acts in the field of business statistics (Text with EEA relevance)
OTHER LEGAL ACTS
The dissemination of data collected for the purpose of producing official statistics is guided by the requirements provided for in § 32, § 34, § 35, § 38 of the Official Statistics Act.
The treatment of confidential data is regulated by the Procedure for Protection of Data Collected and Processed by Statistics Estonia (in Estonian). See more details on the website of Statistics Estonia in the section Õigusaktid.
Notifications about the dissemination of statistics are published in the release calendar, which is available on the website. Every year on 1 October, the release times of the statistical database, news releases, main indicators by IMF SDDS and publications for the following year are announced in the release calendar (in the case of publications – the release month).
All users have been granted equal access to official statistics: dissemination dates of official statistics are announced in advance and no user category (incl. Eurostat, state authorities and mass media) is provided access to official statistics before other users. Official statistics are first published in the statistical database. If there is also a news release, it is published simultaneously with data in the statistical database. Official statistics are available on the website at 8:00 a.m. on the date announced in the release calendar.
The news release “Retail trade” once a month. The news release can be viewed on the website of Statistics Estonia in the section Uudiskiri (in Estonian).
Data are published in the statistical database at https://andmed.stat.ee/en/stat under the subject area “Economy / Internal trade / Trade volume indices” in the following table:
KM020: Trade enterprises (except wholesale trade and commission trade) turnover and volume index by economic activity (EMTAK 2008) (months)
The dissemination of data collected for the purpose of producing official statistics is guided by the requirements provided for in § 33, § 34, § 35, § 36, § 38 of the Access to microdata and anonymisation of microdata are regulated by Statistics Estonia’s procedure for dissemination of confidential data for scientific purposes.
Data serve as input for statistical activities 20901 “Business register for statistical purposes”, 21405 “National accounts (quarterly)” and 21603 “Trade volume indices”.
Methodology of short-term business statistics. Interpretation and guidelines, Eurostat (2006)
The quality report sent to Eurostat is available at
To assure the quality of processes and products, Statistics Estonia applies the EFQM Excellence Model, the European Statistics Code of Practice and the Quality Assurance Framework of the European Statistical System (ESS QAF). Statistics Estonia is also guided by the requirements in § 7. “Principles and quality criteria of producing official statistics” of the Official Statistics Act.
Statistics Estonia performs all statistical activities according to an international model (Generic Statistical Business Process Model – GSBPM). According to the GSBPM, the final phase of statistical activities is overall evaluation using information gathered in each phase or sub-process; this information can take many forms, including feedback from users, process metadata, system metrics and suggestions from employees. This information is used to prepare the evaluation report which outlines all the quality problems related to the specific statistical activity and serves as input for improvement actions.
Ministry of Economic Affairs and Communications
The Government Office
Ministry of Finance
Since 1996, Statistics Estonia has conducted reputation and user satisfaction surveys. All results are available on the website of Statistics Estonia in the section User surveys.
In compliance with the rules (regulations)
The data are comparable to data from other Member States of the European Union, using common methodology on short-term statistics.
The data are comparable over time since 2001.
In 2016, the sample survey was replaced with a census and the statistical questionnaire of enterprises was replaced with data from the Estonian Tax and Customs Board.
Monthly turnover of trade enterprises is coherent with the same quarterly and annual indicators.
Not applicable. The statistical activity is based on turnover in the value added tax return declaration (form KMD) of the Estonian Tax and Customs Board.
The data revision policy and notification of corrections are described in the section Principles of dissemination of official statistics of the website of Statistics Estonia.
The published data may be revised if the methodology is modified, errors are discovered, new or better data become available within a year from the end of the reference period.
Since 2016, the survey based data are not used.
Until 2015, the data were collected as follows:
In the years 2001–2011, the data were collected by questionnaire “Turnover” from all enterprises with 20 and more persons employed; from enterprises with 1–19 persons employed the data were collected by sample survey, using the stratified simple random sample. The population was stratified by economic activity and by number of persons employed.
In the years 2012–2015, the data were collected by questionnaire “Turnover” from all enterprises with 20 and more persons employed; from enterprises with 2–19 persons employed the data were collected by sample survey, using the stratified simple random sample. In the case of enterprises with 1 person employed, the Tax and Customs Board VAT declaration (form KMD) data were used. The population was stratified by economic activity and by number of persons employed.
Since 2016, the data of value added tax returns (form KMD) from the Estonian Tax and Customs Board are used. Turnover is calculated using the indicators of value added tax returns.
DATA FROM OTHER STATISTICAL ACTIVITIES
The data are received from the Estonian Tax and Customs Board via the data exchange layer X-Road.
Arithmetic and qualitative controls are used in the validation process, including comparison with the data of previous periods and other surveys.
Microdata are aggregated to the level necessary for analysis. This includes summation of data according to the classification and calculating various statistical measures. The collected data are converted into statistical output.
Time series are seasonally adjusted and trend-cycle is estimated.
In 2016, Statistics Estonia stopped data collection with the questionnaire “Turnover” and started using only the monthly data from the value added tax returns of the Estonian Tax and Customs Board. This reduced the response burden of entrepreneurs and Statistics Estonia´s expenditure on data collection and increased the use of administrative data. It unfortunately meant that the indicator ‟Retail sales” is no longer available on a monthly basis, but the indicator will continue to be published on a quarterly and annual basis. Due to the change in the data source, the monthly news release “Retail trade” will focus on the turnover of retail trade enterprises, instead of the retail sales of such enterprises.