Statistical activity code: 22031
In statistical database table TC154 ship visit data of Estonian ports have been published. Vessels have been classified by types of vessels — based on ICST-COM.
In table TC161 passenger traffic data of Estonian ports have been published.
In table TC162 the data of economically active maritime transport enterprises (according to its main activity) have been published.
Table TC175 covers the statistics of main ports. Types of cargo are consistent with the United Nations ECE Recommendation No 21.
In statistical database table TS163, TS180, TS185, TS1812 the data on freight transport in Estonian ports have been published. Goods have been classified by the Standard Goods Classification for Transport Statistics NST.
Database table TC1812 is disseminated annually. Tables TC161, TC162, TC163, TC180, TC175 and TC154 are disseminated quarterly. Table TC185 is disseminated monthly.
Estonian Classification of Economic Activities (EMTAK 2008) based on NACE Rev. 2
Maritime coastal areas (MCA)
Standard goods classification for transport statistics (NST 2007)
Nationality of vessels
Vessel Size Classes (GT)
Type of Cargo Classification
Classification of types of vessels (ICST-COM)
Sea transport enterprises (NACE Rev. 2 50), ports
Cargo types total – transport flows with different characteristics. The principal categories of the type of cargo classification are thus Liquid Bulk, Dry Bulk, Containers, Roll-on/Roll-off, and Other Non-unitised General Cargo. This classification is related to maritime transport and cargo handling needs, and is not intended to provide a linkage to trade or other economic statistics through a product classification.
Container ship – a ship designed to carry containers.
Cruise passengers coming by ship from foreign countries – total number of passengers arriving by cruise ship from abroad.
Cruise ship – a passenger ship intended to provide passengers with a full tourist experience. All passengers have cabins. Facilities for entertainment aboard are included. Ships operating normal ferry services are excluded, even if some passengers treat the service as a cruise. In addition, cargo carrying vessels able to carry a very limited number of passengers with their own cabins are also excluded. Ships intended solely for day excursions are also excluded.
Dry bulk carrier – bulk/oil carrier or bulk carrier.
Dry bulk goods – ores, coal, agricultural products and other dry bulk goods.
Dry cargo barge – deck barge, hopper barge, lash-seabee barge, open dry cargo barge, covered dry cargo barge and other dry cargo barges.
Enterprise – an enterprise consists of one or more companies (public limited company, private limited company, limited partnership, general partnership, commercial association) or branches of foreign companies or sole proprietors. Water transport statistics do not cover branches of foreign companies and sole proprietors.
Estonian vessel / foreign vessel – nationality of a vessel is determined by the country under which flag the vessel sails.
Exported and imported transit containers — sea containers dispatched by the ship and transit sea containers received from the ship.
Exported containers — sea containers dispatched by the ship (excl. transit containers).
Fishing vessel – a fish-catching or fish-processing vessel.
Freight container — a unit of transport equipment, which is: of a permanent character and accordingly strong enough to be suitable for repeated use; specially designed to facilitate the carriage of goods, by one or more mode of transport, without intermediate reloading; fitted with devices permitting its ready handling, particularly its transfer from one mode of transport to another; so designed as to be easy to fill and empty; having a length of 20 feet or more. In addition, containers should be stackable and have an internal volume of 1 m3 or more. Swap bodies are excluded.
General cargo non-specialised vessel – reefer, ro-ro passenger, ro-ro container, other ro-ro cargo, combination carrier general cargo / passenger and combination carrier general cargo / container, ship designed with a single or several decks.
Gross tonnage of vessels – gross tonnage of a ship in thousands. Gross tonnage is a measure of the size of a ship determined in accordance with the provisions of the International Convention on Tonnage Measurement of Ships, 1969; a unitless entity.
Imported containers — sea containers received from the ship (excl. transit containers).
Large containers – having a length of 20 feet or more. The tonnage is the gross weight of goods including packaging but excluding the tare weight of containers or ro-ro units.
Liquid bulk goods – liquefied gas, crude oil, oil products and other liquid bulk.
Loading – loading of cargo on to the ship in the reporting port. Transit goods are included. The tonnage of goods carried includes packaging but excluding the tare weight of containers or ro-ro units.
Lorry and trailer – including dumpers, timber tankers, refrigerated lorries, road tankers and road tractors.
Main ports – selected ports are at least those handling more than 1 million tonnes of goods annually. A statistical port consists of one or more ports, normally controlled by a single port authority or Harbour Master’s Office, able to record ship, passenger and cargo movements.
Nationality of vessel – nationality of a vessel is determined by the country under which flag the vessel sails.
Number of passengers – number of passengers on board the ship. Operating staff is not considered passengers.
Number of trips – number of ship’s movements from the departure port to the destination port of the voyage. The ship’s movement back-and-forth on the line is considered one voyage if the departure port and destination port is the same.
Other cargo, not elsewhere specified – forestry products iron and steel products other cargo, general.
Other Ro-Ro, mobile units – unaccompanied road goods trailers and semitrailers, unaccompanied caravans and other road, agricultural and industrial trailers, ship borne port-to-port trailers, and ship borne barges engaged in goods transport, other ro-ros no self-propelled.
Other vehicle – motorcycles, special cars: ambulance cars, fire engines, crane lorries.
Other vessel – drilling and exploration vessel, offshore support vessel, tug, pusher craft, dredger, research or other vessel.
Passengers coming from abroad – total number of passengers arriving by Estonian or foreign vessels from abroad.
Passengers going to foreign countries – total number of passengers going to foreign countries by Estonian or foreign vessels.
Passenger ship – a ship designed specifically to carry more than 12 fare-paying passengers whether berthed or unberthed. Cruise ships and ro-ro passenger ships are excluded.
Ro-Ro, mobile self-propelled units – road goods vehicles and accompanying trailers; passenger cars and accompanying trailers/caravans; passenger buses; import/export motor vehicles; live animals on the hoof and other Ro-Ro mobile self-propelled.
Specialised vessel – a barge carrier, chemical carrier, irradiated fuel carrier, livestock carrier, vehicle carrier or other specialised vessel.
Tanker / liquid bulk carrier – oil tanker, chemical tanker, liquefied gas carrier (LG tanker), pushed tanker barge / tank lighter or other liquid bulk carrier.
TEU (twenty-foot equivalent unit) — Standard unit for counting containers of various capacities and for describing the capacities of container ships or terminals. One twenty-foot ISO container equals 1 TEU.
Transit goods – the country of loading and unloading of goods is a foreign country. Estonia is a transit country. Transit goods are also goods loaded/unloaded at the frontier of that country onto/from another mode of transport.
Transit vehicles – transport vehicles transported as transit.
Trip – transport service of sea vessels rendered according to the published timetable or as often and regularly as a systematic series of voyages is formed. Ship voyage is the movement of a ship from the departure port to the destination port, which can be the same port.
Tugs – tugs and pusher craft.
Unloading – unloading of cargo from the ship in the reporting port. Transit goods are included. The tonnage of goods carried includes packaging but excluding the tare weight of containers or ro-ro units.
Vehicles from foreign countries (excl. transit) – vehicles that have arrived from abroad unloaded from a vessel. Transport vehicles transported as transit are shown in the row Transit vehicles.
Vehicles inside Estonia– loading and unloading of vehicles is performed in Estonia.
Vehicles to foreign countries (excl. transit) – vehicles loaded on a vessel for dispatching abroad. Transport vehicles transported as transit are shown in the row Transit vehicles.
Vessel providing offshore activities – drilling, exploration and offshore support vessel.
Managers of seaports; enterprises whose main activity is water transport
List of active enterprises whose main or secondary activity is port and waterway operation services or water transport. The list is generated from the Business Register for Statistical Purposes.
List of seaports compiled by the Estonian Maritime Administration.
Estonia as a whole
Transport of goods through ports 1993–…
Transport of sea containers through ports, sea containers moving in ports 1997–…
Shipping traffic through ports, international passenger traffic through ports 2001–…
Shipping traffic through ports by type of vessel, transport of passengers by sea, transport of vehicles through ports 2005–…
Number and gross tonnage of vessels visiting Estonian ports 2005–…
Goods transport through main Estonian ports by cargo type 2010–…
Transport of goods through ports by group of goods 2009–…
Loading and unloading of goods in Estonian ports 1991–…
DIRECTLY APPLICABLE LEGAL ACTS
Directive 2009/42/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 6 May 2009 on statistical returns in respect of carriage of goods and passengers by sea (Recast)
Commission Regulation (EC) No 1304/2007 of 7 November 2007 amending Council Directive 95/64/EC, Council Regulation (EC) No 1172/98, Regulations (EC) No 91/2003 and (EC) No 1365/2006 of the European Parliament and of the Council with respect to the establishment of NST 2007 as the unique classification for transported goods in certain transport modes
OTHER LEGAL ACTS
2010/216/: Commission Decision of 14 April 2010 amending Directive 2009/42/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council on statistical returns in respect of carriage of goods and passengers by sea
Commission delegated decision of 3 February 2012 amending Directive 2009/42/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council on statistical returns in respect of carriage of goods and passengers by sea
Statistical Office of the European Union (Eurostat)
Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD)
United Nations Economic Commission for Europe (UNECE)
International Transport Forum (ITF)
United Nations (UN)
The dissemination of data collected for the purpose of producing official statistics is guided by the requirements provided for in § 32, § 34, § 35, § 38 of the Official Statistics Act.
The treatment of confidential data is regulated by the Procedure for Protection of Data Collected and Processed by Statistics Estonia: http://www.stat.ee/66485.
Notifications about the dissemination of statistics are published in the release calendar, which is available on the website. Every year on 1 October, the release times of the statistical database, news releases, main indicators by IMF SDDS and publications for the following year are announced in the release calendar (in the case of publications – the release month).
All users have been granted equal access to official statistics: dissemination dates of official statistics are announced in advance and no user category (incl. Eurostat, state authorities and mass media) is provided access to official statistics before other users. Official statistics are first published in the statistical database. If there is also a news release, it is published simultaneously with data in the statistical database. Official statistics are available on the website at 8:00 a.m. on the date announced in the release calendar.
The news release “Transport” and “Water transport“ once a year. The news release can be viewed on the website at http://www.stat.ee/news-releases.
Transport statistics is also available on the websites
Data are published in the statistical database at http://pub.stat.ee under the subject area “Economy / Transport / Water transport” in the following tables:
TC154: International shipping traffic through ports by type and flag of vessel (quarterly)
TC161: International passenger transport through ports (quarters)
TC162: Transport of passengers by sea (quarters)
TC163: Transport of vehicles through ports (quarters)
TC175: Goods transport through main estonian ports by cargo type (quarters)
TC180: Transport of goods through ports by group of goods (quarters)
TC1812: Transport of sea containers through ports
TC185: Loading and unloading of goods in estonian ports (months)
The dissemination of data collected for the purpose of producing official statistics is guided by the requirements provided for in § 33, § 34, § 35, § 36, § 38 of the Official Statistics Act. Access to microdata and anonymisation of microdata are regulated by Statistics Estonia’s procedure for dissemination of confidential data for scientific purposes: http://www.stat.ee/dokumendid/51669.
Data serve as input for statistical activities 20407 “Consumer price index”, 21408 “Supply and use tables” and 22029 “Transport of passengers and goods by transport enterprises”.
Glossary for Transport Statistics (prepared by the Intersecretariat Working Group on Transport Statistics – Eurostat, ITF and the United Nations Economic Commission for Europe)
Reference Manual on Maritime Transport Statistics, 2016
Published in the Statistical Database, table TC40: Population, sample and respondents of transport enterprises.
To assure the quality of processes and products, Statistics Estonia applies the EFQM Excellence Model, the European Statistics Code of Practice and the Quality Assurance Framework of the European Statistical System (ESS QAF). Statistics Estonia is also guided by the requirements in § 7. “Principles and quality criteria of producing official statistics” of the Official Statistics Act.
Statistics Estonia performs all statistical activities according to an international model (Generic Statistical Business Process Model – GSBPM). According to the GSBPM, the final phase of statistical activities is overall evaluation using information gathered in each phase or sub-process; this information can take many forms, including feedback from users, process metadata, system metrics and suggestions from employees. This information is used to prepare the evaluation report which outlines all the quality problems related to the specific statistical activity and serves as input for improvement actions.
Ministry of Economic Affairs and Communications
Estonian Maritime Administration
Users’ suggestions and information about taking these into account are available on the website of Statistics Estonia at http://www.stat.ee/statistikatood.
Since 1996, Statistics Estonia has conducted reputation and user satisfaction surveys.
All results are available on the website at http://www.stat.ee/user-surveys.
In compliance with the rules (regulations).
The data are published 20 days after the end of the reference month (T + 20), 80 days after the end of the reference quarter (T + 80), 110 days after the end of the reference quarter (T + 110) and 80 days after the end of the reference year (T + 80).
The data have been published at the time announced in the release calendar.
The data are comparable to data of other European Union countries because common methodology has been used for transport statistics.
The data are comparable over time because of the common methodology used.
The data on freight and passenger transport volume are comparable to the same data in other activities of transport statistics.
The data are made internally coherent by using common methodology in data collection and the same rules of data aggregation.
Cost of statistical activity 28.9 thousand euros (data for 2018)
Total time of filling in reports of the statistical activity, working days: 54.3
Average time of filling in the reports, hours per report:
Laevad sadamas 1.9
Kaubavedu sadamate kaudu 1.9
Rahvusvaheline reisiliiklus sadamate kaudu 3.1
(data for 2016)
The data revision policy and notification of corrections are described in the section Principles of dissemination of official statistics of the website of Statistics Estonia.
The published data may be revised if the methodology is modified, errors are discovered, new or better data become available within a year from the end of the reference period.
The population is 13 seaports and 40 sea transport enterprises. Census has been used.
In statistical database table TC154 ship visit data are based on the data of the Electronic Maritime Information System (EMDE) managed by the Estonian Maritime Administration.
DATA FROM OTHER STATISTICAL ACTIVITIES
Data are collected and the submission of questionnaires is monitored through eSTAT (the web channel for electronic data submission). The questionnaires have been designed for independent completion in eSTAT and include instructions and controls. The questionnaires and information about data submission are available on the website of Statistics Estonia in the section Questionnaires.
Data are collected with the official statistics quarterly questionnaires “Seaborne transport”, “Carriage of goods through ports”, “International passenger transport through ports”, “Shipping traffic” and monthly questionnaire “Loading-unloading”.
Data from Estonian Maritime Documents Exchange (EMDE) are transmitted via X-Road.
Arithmetic and qualitative controls are used in the validation process, including comparison with the data of previous periods and other surveys.
In the case of missing or unreliable data, estimate imputation based on established regulations will be used.
Variables and statistical units which were not collected but which are necessary for producing the output are calculated. New variables are calculated by applying arithmetic conversion to already existing variables. This may be done repeatedly, the derived variable may, in turn, be based on previously derived new variables.
Microdata are aggregated to the level necessary for analysis. This includes aggregating the data according to the classification, and calculating various statistical measures.
The collected data are converted into statistical output. This includes calculating additional indicators.