Statistical activity code: 30101
Geographic, demographic, socio-economic and ethno-cultural characteristics.
Classification of Estonian administrative units and settlements (EHAK)
International Standard Codes for the Representation of the Names of Countries (ISO 3166)
Classification of Ethnicities 2013
Codes for the Representation of Names of Languages (ISO 639-2)
International Standard Classification of Education (ISCED 2011)
Country of Citizenship List (KOD)
Administrative unit – a unit based on administrative division, the name, type and boundaries of which are determined by law and other legislation, and in the territory of which state or local government administration is carried out. The administrative units of the territory of Estonia are counties, rural municipalities and cities.
Age – the age of the person concerned in full years at the time of the event, i.e. the age at last birthday.
City settlement region – a settlement where most inhabitants live in regions where population density is greater than 1,000 inhabitants per km2 and the population figure in a cluster of this density is greater than 5,000. Grid map data have been used for determining regions based on population density and figure.
Country of permanent residence – the country where a person has continuously lived for at least 12 months, or the country where the person intends to live for at least 12 months.
Ethnic nationality – the data are based on self-determination. The ethnic nationality of the mother is taken as a basis for determining the ethnic nationality of the child.
Mean annual population – half the sum number of the population at the beginning and at the end of the year.
Place of residence – the area or settlement in which the person resides according to his/her statement or according to the population register (depending on the methodology of the survey). Starting from 2015, only the place of residence recorded in the population register is used.
Rural settlement region – a settlement where population density is lower than 200 inhabitants per km2 or a region with higher population density where the population figure is under 5,000.
Settlement region – division of settlement units into city, town and rural settlement regions.
Settlement unit – rural municipalities and cities are divided into settlement units. Settlement units are settlements which are cities, villages, towns and small towns.
Town settlement region – a settlement where most inhabitants live in regions where population density is 200–1,000 inhabitants per km2 and the population figure in a cluster of this density is greater than 5,000, but it does not constitute a city settlement region. Grid map data have been used for determining regions based on population density and figure.
Residents of Estonia, including Estonian citizens and foreigners who live in Estonia
An extended population and 16 administrative registers
A person's place of residence at the level of dwelling
DIRECTLY APPLICABLE LEGAL ACTS
Regulation (EU) No 1260/2013 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 20 November 2013 on European demographic statistics (Text with EEA relevance)
Regulation (EU) No 205/2014 of 4 March 2014 laying down uniformed conditions for the implementation of Regulation (EU) No 1260/2013 of the European Parliament and the Council on European demographic statistics, as regards breakdowns of data, deadlines and data revisions
OTHER LEGAL ACTS
Statistical Office of the European Union (Eurostat)
World Health Organization (WHO)
United Nations Statistics Division (UNSD)
United Nations Children’s Fund (UNICEF)
The dissemination of data collected for the purpose of producing official statistics is guided by the requirements provided for in § 32, § 34, § 35, § 38 of the Official Statistics Act.
The treatment of confidential data is regulated by the Procedure for Protection of Data Collected and Processed by Statistics Estonia (in Estonian). See more details on the website of Statistics Estonia in the section Õigusaktid.
Notifications about the dissemination of statistics are published in the release calendar, which is available on the website. Every year on 1 October, the release times of the statistical database, news releases, main indicators by IMF SDDS and publications for the following year are announced in the release calendar (in the case of publications – the release month).
All users have been granted equal access to official statistics: dissemination dates of official statistics are announced in advance and no user category (incl. Eurostat, state authorities and mass media) is provided access to official statistics before other users. Official statistics are first published in the statistical database. If there is also a news release, it is published simultaneously with data in the statistical database. Official statistics are available on the website at 8:00 a.m. on the date announced in the release calendar.
The news release “Preliminary population” is published in January, the news release “Revised population” in May. The news release can be viewed on the website of Statistics Estonia in the section Uudiskiri (in Estonian).
Data are published in the statistical database at http://pub.stat.ee under the subject area “Population / Population indicators and composition / Population figure and composition” in the following tables:
PO021: Population by sex and age group, 1 January
PO0211: Mean annual population by sex and age group
PO0212: Population at the beginning of the year and mean annual population by sex and age
PO0213U: Components of change in population figure by county, administrative division as at 01.01.2018
PO0221U: Population by sex, age group and county, 1 January. Estonians. administrative division as at 01.01.2018
PO0222U: Population by sex, ethnic nationality and county, 1 January, administrative division as at 01.01.2018
PO022U: Population by sex, age group and county, 1 January. administrative division as at 01.01.2018
PO0231U: At least 15-year-old persons by education, sex, age group and county, 1 January, administrative division as at 01.01.2018
PO0232U: At least 15-year-old persons by education, sex and administrative unit or type of settlement region, 1 January, administrative division as at 01.01.2018
PO0240: Population by sex, age and place of residence after the 2017 administrative reform, 1 January
PO0282U: Population by sex, age group and place of residence after the 2017 administrative reform, 1 January
PO028U: Mean annual population. administrative division as at 01.01.2018
PO0291U: Population number, area and density. administrative division as at 01.01.2018
PO069U: Population by country of birth/citizenship, county, sex and age group, 1 January, administrative division as at 01.01.2018
PO071: Native and foreign-origin population by county after the 2017 administrative reform, sex and age, 1 January,
under the subject area “Population / Population indicators and composition / Main demographic indicators” in the following tables:
PO030: Births, deaths and natural increase
PO031: Births, deaths and natural increase. Estonians
PO032: Births, deaths and natural increase by sex and county
PO033: Fertility indicators
PO043: Infant mortality by sex
PO045: Life expectancy by sex and age
PO0451: Life expectancy by type of settlement / settlement region, sex and age group
PO0452: Life expectancy by county, sex and age group
PO0453: Life expectancy by nationality, sex and age group
PO0454: Life expectancy by education, sex and age group
PO046: Probability of dying and number of survivors by sex and age
PO047: Marriages and divorces
PO048: Total first marriage rate and mean age at first marriage by sex
and under the subject area “Multidomain statistics / Integration” in the following table:
PO071: Native and foreign-origin population by county after the 2017 administrative reform, sex and age, 1 January
The dissemination of data collected for the purpose of producing official statistics is guided by the requirements provided for in § 33, § 34, § 35, § 36, § 38 of the Access to microdata and anonymisation of microdata are regulated by Statistics Estonia’s procedure for dissemination of confidential data for scientific purposes.
Data serve as input for statistical activities 30201 “Vital events. Marriages”, 30202 “Vital events. Divorces”, 30203 “Vital events. Abortions”, 30204 “Vital events. Migration“, 30205 “Vital events. Deaths and causes of death”, 30206 “Vital events. Births”, 41001 “Social exclusion – Laeken indicators”, 50101 “Regional development” and 50201 “Sustainable development indicators”.
To assure the quality of processes and products, Statistics Estonia applies the EFQM Excellence Model, the European Statistics Code of Practice and the Quality Assurance Framework of the European Statistical System (ESS QAF). Statistics Estonia is also guided by the requirements in § 7. “Principles and quality criteria of producing official statistics” of the Official Statistics Act.
Statistics Estonia performs all statistical activities according to an international model (Generic Statistical Business Process Model – GSBPM). According to the GSBPM, the final phase of statistical activities is overall evaluation using information gathered in each phase or sub-process; this information can take many forms, including feedback from users, process metadata, system metrics and suggestions from employees. This information is used to prepare the evaluation report which outlines all the quality problems related to the specific statistical activity and serves as input for improvement actions.
Ministry of Social Affairs
Ministry of Education and Research
Ministry of the Interior
Estonian Institute for Population Studies
University of Tartu
Users’ suggestions and information about taking these into account are available on the website of Statistics Estonia at http://www.stat.ee/statistikatood.
Since 1996, Statistics Estonia has conducted reputation and user satisfaction surveys. All results are available on the website of Statistics Estonia in the section User surveys.
In compliance with the rules (regulations)
The preliminary population figure is published at the latest 23 days after the end of the reference year (T + 23), the revised and mean annual population and some sections 130 days after the end of the reference year (T + 130). The revised population by all sections are published 250 days after the end of the reference year (T + 250).
The data have been published at the time announced in the release calendar.
Population data by counties have been published since 1990. The county borders have changed twice. The data indicate this in the years 1999–2000, when Lääne-Viru county increased and Järva county decreased. The change actually took place in 2005, but in the process of recalculations made between the censuses, it shifted to the census year – 2000. Another change was connected with the administrative reform of 2017, when the borders of most counties changed. Recalculations according to the new administrative division have been made to the population numbers as at 01.01.2015 (2015 data are calculated using index-based methodology, earlier data are based on REL 2011 and on event statistics). Municipal population figures have been published in current statistics since 2000. Changes in municipal borders in 2000–2011 were recalculated based on the borders at the time of the census because the interim period data were recalculated. Since 2012, the statistics of the merged municipalities are not comparable, because if the name of the municipality did not change, the data series of this municipality continued in the database. In order to deal with these changes, an overview of EHAK (Classification of Estonian administrative units and settlements) should be used. As of 2015, all data have been recalculated as of the new administrative reform of 2017. Another important event in terms of geographical comparability is the transition of methodology in 2015 from the place of residence indicated in the census to the use of population register based place of residence.
Before 2012, population statistics was based on the population census, and births, deaths and changes of residence (migration) were added each year between the censuses. After the next census, the intermediate years’ data were recalculated according to reality. Since the 2000 population census, the population census data have been supplemented by under-coverage—the recalculations yielded the revised number of population on 1 January 2000, which was by 31,200 bigger than the number of persons enumerated. As this was only done after the 2011 census and the previous period (1989–1999) has not been recalculated, the data show a leap compared to 1999 and 2000. The population of 2012 is the population of the 2012 census, which has been supplemented by 30,760 persons due to the under-coverage. Starting from 01 January 2012, population statistics is based on persons: only the events (birth, death and change of residence) of Estonian permanent residents will be added to the population statistics at the beginning of the year. Starting from 01 January 2015, Statistics Estonia has conducted population analyses based on a new method, i.e. residency index. The transition indicated that according to the new methodology, there were 1599 more people living in Estonia at the time and the population therefore increased slightly. This was not due to the events of one year, but these persons had migrated to Estonia after the census.
Information about all vital events is collected on the same basis, so a cross-sectoral analysis is possible.
The data revision policy and notification of corrections are described in the section Principles of dissemination of official statistics of the website of Statistics Estonia.
The published data may be revised if the methodology is modified, errors are discovered, new or better data become available.
Population register and 15 other Estonian administrative registers
DATA FROM OTHER STATISTICAL ACTIVITIES
Administrative data are received via X-Road, an FTP-server and by e-mail.
The data are compared with the data of previous periods.
The population is formed at person level, applying a specific method (residence index) to data in various registers. The residence index is used to find the probability of living in Estonia for each person. The features necessary to identify each person are found by using the different registers in a specific priority order.