Continuing Vocational Training Survey (enterprise survey)
Statistical activity code: 40305
Enterprises providing continuing vocational training by economic activity and size class of enterprise
Persons employed in training enterprises and hours worked in training enterprises by economic activity and size class of enterprise
Enterprises planning manpower and skills of employees by economic activity and size class of enterprise
Enterprises with a specific training budget, training plan and internal training centre by economic activity and size class of enterprise
Enterprises providing continuing vocational training courses by economic activity and size class of enterprise
Participants in continuing vocational training courses by economic activity and size class of enterprise
Estonian Classification of Economic Activities (EMTAK 2008) based on NACE Rev 2.
Survey comprises NACE Rev 2 categories:
B - Mining
C10–C12 - Manufacture of food products, beverages and tobacco products
C13–C15 - Manufacture of textiles and wearing apparel; manufacture of leather and related products
C17–C18 - Manufacture of paper and paper products; printing and reproduction of recorded media
C19–C23 - Manufacture of coke and refined petroleum products; manufacture of chemicals and chemical products; manufacture of basic pharmaceutical products and pharmaceutical preparations; manufacture of rubber and plastic products; manufacture of other non-metallic mineral products
C24–C25 - Manufacture of basic metals; manufacture of fabricated metal products, except machinery and equipment
C26–C28, C33 - Manufacture of computer, electronic and optical products; manufacture of electrical equipment; manufacture of machinery and equipment n.e.c.; repair and installation of machinery and equipment
C29–C30 - Manufacture of motor vehicles, trailers and semi-trailers; manufacture of other transport equipment
C16, C31–C32 - Manufacture of wood and of products of wood and cork, except furniture; manufacture of articles of straw and plaiting materials; manufacture of furniture; other manufacturing
D–E - Electricity, gas, steam and air conditioning supply; water supply; sewerage, waste management and remediation activities
F - Construction
G45 - Wholesale and retail trade and repair of motor vehicles and motorcycles
G46 - Wholesale trade, except of motor vehicles and motorcycles
G47 - Retail trade, except of motor vehicles and motorcycles
H - Transportation and storage
I - Accommodation and food service activities
J - Information and communication
K64–K65 - Financial service activities, except insurance and pension funding; insurance, reinsurance and pension funding, except compulsory social security
K66 - Activities auxiliary to financial services and insurance activities
L, M, N, R, S - Real estate activities; professional, scientific and technical activities; administrative and support service activities; arts, entertainment and recreation; other service activities
Enterprises of the following activities have been covered by the survey:
Manufacture of food products, beverages and tobacco products
Manufacture of textiles and wearing apparel; manufacture of leather and related products
Manufacture of paper and paper products; printing and reproduction of recorded media
Manufacture of coke and refined petroleum products; manufacture of chemicals and chemical products; manufacture of basic pharmaceutical products and pharmaceutical preparations; manufacture of rubber and plastic products; manufacture of other non-metallic mineral products
Manufacture of basic metals; manufacture of fabricated metal products, except machinery and equipment
Manufacture of computer, electronic and optical products; manufacture of electrical equipment; manufacture of machinery and equipment n.e.c.; repair and installation of machinery and equipment
Manufacture of motor vehicles, trailers and semi-trailers; manufacture of other transport equipment
Manufacture of wood and of products of wood and cork, except furniture; manufacture of articles of straw and plaiting materials; manufacture of furniture; other manufacturing
Electricity, gas, steam and air conditioning supply; water supply; sewerage, waste management and remediation activities
Wholesale and retail trade and repair of motor vehicles and motorcycles
Wholesale trade, except of motor vehicles and motorcycles
Retail trade, except of motor vehicles and motorcycles
Transportation and storage
Accommodation and food service activities
Information and communication
Financial service activities, except insurance and pension funding; insurance, reinsurance and pension funding, except compulsory social security
Activities auxiliary to financial services and insurance activities
Real estate activities; professional, scientific and technical activities; administrative and support service activities; arts, entertainment and recreation; other service activities
Enterprise – an organisational unit producing goods or services, the smallest combination of legal units, which benefits from a certain degree of autonomy in decision making, especially for the allocation of its current resources. An enterprise performs one or more activities in one or more places. An enterprise can be one legal unit.
Continuing vocational training (CVT) – part of non-formal learning. Continuing vocational training is targeted and organised learning based on a curriculum outside formal education.
CVT courses – CVT courses are typically clearly separated from the active workplace (learning takes place in locations specially assigned for learning, e.g. a classroom or training centre). They show a high degree of organisation (time, space and content) by a trainer or a training institution. The content is designed for a group of learners (e.g. a curriculum exists). Two distinct types of CVT courses are identified: internal CVT courses and external CVT courses. Internal CVT courses are principally designed and managed by the enterprise itself.
Formal education – basic, general, vocational and higher education. Structured institutional learning according to certain standards, which usually takes place in the school environment and is organised on the basis of standard curricula. Formal education is targeted and carried out by specially trained and qualified teachers. Learning objectives are mostly set from outside and the learning process is monitored and evaluated. Formal education is compulsory until a certain level or age (17 years).
Informal learning – all conscious learning through various activities and communication channels, regardless of time and environment. Informal learning is not structured and lacks direct learning objectives, curricula and materials. There is no educational institution. Informal learning does not include participation in formal education or training.
Non-formal education – voluntary education which takes place outside formal education in different environments, but is nevertheless institutionalised and targeted. Non-formal learning is characterised by a learner-centered approach, flexibility, accessibility and balance between individual and social learning. Training providers may be professional trainers, volunteers or people of the same age.
Other forms of CVT – typically connected to the active work and the active workplace, but they can also include participation (instruction) in conferences, trade fairs etc. for the purpose of learning. These other forms of CVT are often characterised by a degree of self-organisation (time, space and content) by the individual learner or by a group of learners. The content is often tailored according to the learners’ individual needs in the workplace.
Principal activity of the enterprise – the activity of the enterprise that consumes the biggest number of working hours. The principal activity of an enterprise is coded according to a 5-diggit code of the Estonian Classification of Economic Activities (EMTAK).
The number of employees or the number of people working in the enterprise – the number of all the employees in the enterprise despite the length of their working week. Employees include:
‒ the owners working in the enterprise and their family members working without pay;
‒ full-time or part-time employees who are listed as paid employees;
‒ persons working outside the enterprise (e.g. marketing personnel) but belong to the staff of the enterprise and are listed as paid employees;
‒ persons who are temporarily absent from work (on sick leave, paid leave, study leave, strike etc);
‒ seasonal workers, apprentices (trainees) and out-workers, who are listed as paid employees;
‒ persons working under a contract for services.
The number of employees does not include employees of other enterprises who operate in the enterprise in question by performing orders, nor the persons who are absent from work for a long period (on parental leave, in compulsory military service, etc.), who have been absent and have not received pay throughout 2010.
The number of participants of the CVT courses – a participant of a training course is a person who has participated at least in one CVT course in the reference period. Every person can be counted only once regardless of the number of times he or she has participated in the CVT courses. Thus, if an employee has taken part in two external CVT courses and one internal CVT course, he or she will be considered as one participant.
The number of worked hours of employees – the number of worked hours is the total number of hours actually worked by the employees in the reference period. In addition to standard working hours, all overtime hours must also be shown. The paid working hours that were actually not worked (holidays, sick leaves, etc.), also lunch breaks, time spent on coming to work and leaving work, time spent on formal education (acquisition of education) and professional training (courses, exercises), and other time not belonging directly under the working time will not be taken into account.
Training centre – a training unit with training personnel, training premises and training equipment. The training centre can be located within or outside the enterprise or it can be shared with other enterprises. The ownership of the training centre is not important, as some enterprises may run a training centre jointly with other enterprises, although they do not actually own it.
Training plan – a written training plan or programme that covers CVT in the enterprise.
Enterprises with at least 10 employees and whose main activity is mining; manufacturing; electricity, gas, steam and air conditioning supply; water supply, sewerage, waste management and remediation activities; construction; wholesale and retail trade and repair of motor vehicles and motorcycles; transportation and storage; accommodation and food service activities; information and communication; financial and insurance activities; real estate activities
List of active enterprises whose main activity is mining; manufacturing; electricity, gas, steam and air conditioning supply; water supply, sewerage, waste management and remediation activities; construction; wholesale and retail trade and repair of motor vehicles and motorcycles; transportation and storage; accommodation and food service activities; information and communication; financial and insurance activities; real estate activities. The list is generated from the Business Register for Statistical Purposes.
Estonia as a whole
1999, 2005, 2010, 2015
DIRECTLY APPLICABLE LEGAL ACTS
Regulation (EC) No 1552/2005 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 7 September 2005 on statistics relating to vocational training in enterprises
Regulation (EC) No 452/2008 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 23 April 2008 concerning the production and development of statistics on education and lifelong learning
OTHER LEGAL ACTS
The dissemination of data collected for the purpose of producing official statistics is guided by the requirements provided for in § 32, § 34, § 35, § 38 of the Official Statistics Act.
The treatment of confidential data is regulated by the Procedure for Protection of Data Collected and Processed by Statistics Estonia (in Estonian). See more details on the website of Statistics Estonia in the section Õigusaktid.
Notifications about the dissemination of statistics are published in the release calendar, which is available on the website. Every year on 1 October, the release times of the statistical database, news releases, main indicators by IMF SDDS and publications for the following year are announced in the release calendar (in the case of publications – the release month).
All users have been granted equal access to official statistics: dissemination dates of official statistics are announced in advance and no user category (incl. Eurostat, state authorities and mass media) is provided access to official statistics before other users. Official statistics are first published in the statistical database. If there is also a news release, it is published simultaneously with data in the statistical database. Official statistics are available on the website at 8:00 a.m. on the date announced in the release calendar.
The news release is published when new data are released.
Data are published under the subject area “Social life / Education” in the statistical database at http://pub.stat.ee.
The dissemination of data collected for the purpose of producing official statistics is guided by the requirements provided for in § 33, § 34, § 35, § 36, § 38 of the Access to microdata and anonymisation of microdata are regulated by Statistics Estonia’s procedure for dissemination of confidential data for scientific purposes.
Continuing Vocational Training Survey MANUAL, Eurostat
Quality Report corresponding to requirements is sent to Eurostat
To assure the quality of processes and products, Statistics Estonia applies the EFQM Excellence Model, the European Statistics Code of Practice and the Quality Assurance Framework of the European Statistical System (ESS QAF). Statistics Estonia is also guided by the requirements in § 7. “Principles and quality criteria of producing official statistics” of the Official Statistics Act.
Statistics Estonia performs all statistical activities according to an international model (Generic Statistical Business Process Model – GSBPM). According to the GSBPM, the final phase of statistical activities is overall evaluation using information gathered in each phase or sub-process; this information can take many forms, including feedback from users, process metadata, system metrics and suggestions from employees. This information is used to prepare the evaluation report which outlines all the quality problems related to the specific statistical activity and serves as input for improvement actions.
Ministry of Education and Research
Ministry of Social Affairs
Ministry of Economic Affairs and Communications
State authorities – for analysing the current situation, developing action plans and policies
Local governments – for analysing the current situation, developing action plans
Research and educational institutions, libraries – for doing research and analyses, disseminating statistical information
Media – for disseminating statistical information to the general public
Companies, associations, foundations – for analysing the current situation, determining trends and making projections
International organisations and Eurostat – for assessing and analysing the situation in Estonia, developing international policies
Users’ suggestions and information about taking these into account are available on the website of Statistics Estonia at http://www.stat.ee/statistikatood.
Since 1996, Statistics Estonia has conducted reputation and user satisfaction surveys. All results are available on the website of Statistics Estonia in the section User surveys.
The data are complete and correspond to data composition requirements prescribed by the regulation of the European Commission.
The type of survey and the data collection methods ensure sufficient coverage and timeliness.
Measurement errors can stem from the questionnaire (its wording, design etc), the interviewees, the interviewers and the data collection method.
Data-entry and logical errors were eliminated.
The data revision policy and notification of corrections are described in the section Principles of dissemination of official statistics of the website of Statistics Estonia.
The published data may be revised if the methodology is modified, errors are discovered, new or better data become available.
In 2011 and 2015, the survey population consisted of enterprises in the commercial register that had 10 or more employees and whose main activity was covered by the survey. The enterprises of the total population were divided by size into six groups: enterprises with 10–49, 50–99, 100–249, 250–499, 500–999 and more than 1,000 employees. Each size group was divided into 20 strata by main economic activity. Before sampling, the total population was stratified into 120 strata by two main characteristics: main economic activity and size class of enterprise by number of employees.
In 2011, the sampling frame was 6,183 enterprises. The sample-size of the Estonian survey was 3,000 enterprises, of which 1,859 (10–49 employees) were small, 1,000 medium (50–249 employees) and 141 large enterprises (250 and more employees).
The sampling frame on year 2016 comprises of 7,036 enterprises, who have at least 10 employees. The sample-size was 3,000 enterprises, of which 1,705 were small (10–49 employees), 1,101 medium (50–249 employees) and 184 large enterprises (250 and more employees).
The results are disclosed by the principal activity of the enterprise and by the number of employees in the three size classes: enterprises with 10–49 employees, enterprises with 50–249 employees and enterprises with 250 and more employees.
The population of enterprises, economic activities and sizes, which are used for the sample, are obtained from the commercial register of the Centre of Registers and Information Systems. The number of employees as at the end of the year is obtained from the employment register of the Estonian Tax and Customs Board.
DATA FROM OTHER STATISTICAL ACTIVITIES
Over four years
Data are collected online via the web-based application eSTAT or with a paper-based questionnaire sent by mail. The data are collected with the official statistics questionnaire “Continuing vocational training in enterprises”.
Survey questionnaires (report forms) are described for the web-based application eSTAT according to previously agreed rules. The described questionnaire is tested beforehand in a testing environment. From the described and tested questionnaires a paper questionnaire is generated, designed in a previously agreed format for publishing on the web.
The completion of questionnaires is monitored in eSTAT web environment by using special software. Data from the commercial register are received via X-Road.
Arithmetic and qualitative controls are used in the validation process, including comparison with other data.
Before data dissemination, the internal coherence of the data is checked.
The input data is checked and, if necessary, corrected according to specified rules, and the compliance of estimated statistics with the quality requirements is checked as well: comparisons are made with previous periods, internal coherence, the coverage of the total population and the response rate are checked.
In the case of missing or unreliable data, estimate imputation based on established regulations is used.
Variables and statistical units which were not collected but which are necessary for producing the output are calculated. New variables are calculated by applying arithmetic conversion to already existing variables. This may be done repeatedly, the derived variable may, in turn, be based on previously derived new variables.
For statistical units weights are calculated, which are used to expand the data of the sample survey to the total population. The data of sample units are expanded to a selected part of the total population separately in each stratum. The expansion factor is the ratio of the total population of the relevant stratum and the responded units. In the survey, 120 strata are used, which are based on two characteristics: main economic activity and size class of enterprise by number of employees.
Microdata are aggregated to the level necessary for analysis. This includes aggregating the data according to the classification, and calculating various statistical measures, e.g. average, median, dispersion, etc.
The collected data are converted into statistical output. This includes calculating additional indicators.