Statistical activity code: 40310
Institutions of pre-primary, general, vocational and higher education by type
Nominal places in children’s institutions
Teaching staff of general and vocational education by age group and sex
Children in pre-school institutions by age and sex, enrolment ratio and school life expectancy
Students, graduates and dropouts in general education by type of study, location, sex, age, county and language of instruction
Enrolment in vocational education, admission and graduates in vocational education by type of study, sex, field of study, language of instruction; number of dropouts by level of study and type of study
Enrolment in higher education, admission, enrolment, graduates and dropouts by level of study, type of study, type of institution, field of study and sex; students studying in Estonia by country of residence and citizenship
Number of students in formal education per 10,000 inhabitants, enrolment by age, school life expectancy
Classification of fields of education and training 2013
Type of owner
International Standard Classification of Education (ISCED 2011). Comparison of ISCED97 and ISCED 2011 (International Standard Classification of Education)
Classification of Estonian administrative units and settlements (EHAK)
Codes for the Representation of Names of Languages (ISO 639-2)
International Standard Codes for the Representation of the Names of Countries (ISO 3166)
Formal education and pre-school education
Bachelor’s study – studies at the first level of higher education during which a student improves his or her general educational knowledge, acquires the basic knowledge and skills of a speciality and the knowledge and skills necessary for Master's studies and to commence work. The prerequisite for enrolment is the completion of secondary education or equivalent vocational education, or an equivalent qualification from a foreign country.
Basic school – a school which provides students with opportunities to acquire basic education and fulfil the obligation to attend school. In 2010 primary schools were replaced by basic schools. There are grades 1–9. Excluded are schools for children with special need.
Basic school level – the three stages of study of basic schools: stage I – grades 1–3; stage II – grades 4–6; stage III – grades 7–9 (until 1989 the grades 1–8).
Basic school stage III – Grades 6–9.
Basic school stages I and II – Grades 1–6.
Child with special need – a child with a physical disability, speech impairment, sensory and/or intellectual disability, mental disorder or special educational needs, who attends a school for children with special needs. In the legislation, especially talented children are also considered as children with special needs. For children with special needs, development and growth opportunities are created in the childcare institution of the place of residence by the rural municipality or city government.
Correspondence study/distance learning – a form of study where learning takes place mainly independently and through distance learning sessions, nowadays using e-learning methods.
Cr?che – a preschool institution for children up to three years of age.
Daily study – a study form in which case the study takes place in daytime and in full-time study.
Day-care centre – a form of preschool institution used until 2001, in which, in accordance with applicable law, opportunities for play and other development activities were created for all children aged 2–12 living in the area. In the tables, the number of children at day-care centres does not include school pupils.
Degree mobile student – a student who is not a resident or citizen of Estonia and does not have the right of permanent residence/a long-term residence permit.
Excluded are persons who are studying or training in Estonia only for a limited time period.
Diploma study – professionally oriented first level of higher education; ISCED 5B. Admittance until 2002. Qualification is equivalent to Professional higher education.
Discontinuer – a student whose studies discontinue before the successful completion of the study programme.
Doctoral study – studies at the highest level of higher education during which a student acquires the knowledge and skills necessary for independent research, development or professional creative activity. The prerequisite for enrolment is a Master’s degree or an equivalent qualification.
Enrolment ratio in preschool institutions – the proportion of children in preschool institutions of a given age to the population of the same age.
Evening study – a study form in which case the study takes place in the evening time. It is oriented to grownups who are working.
Expected years of schooling at preprimary level for 3-6 year-olds – expected years of schooling is calculated as the sum of enrolment ratios over ages and it is the mean number of study years in the pre-school institution.
Field of study – the subject matter taught in an educational programme. It is based on the ISCED 97 classification of fields of education and training.
Foreign language – a language that is not a mother tongue.
Full-time study – a study load that permits completing cumulatively at least 75 per cent of the studies, which, according to the curriculum, must be completed by the end of each academic year.
General education school – an educational institution for obtaining general education. The concept does not comprise evening schools.
Grade repeaters – a student who studies in the same or lower grade for two or more years.
Gymnasium – a general education school which provides students with opportunities to acquire general secondary education. School must have grades from 10 to 12 (until 1989 the grades from 9 to 11), but may have Basic school’s grades from 1 to 9. The concept does not comprise evening schools nor schools for children with special need, if not denoted differently.
Gymnasium level – the grades from 10 to 12 of general education school (until 1989 the grades from 9 to 11).
High school – an alternative name for a gymnasium.
Higher education – science-based education which is acquired on the basis of secondary education and is certified by a corresponding graduation document. Higher education is based on the evidence-based approach and results in a learner acquiring the knowledge, skills and attitudes necessary to actively contribute to society, work, R&D and lifelong learning.
Hobby school – an educational institution that operates in the field of youth work and creates opportunities for hobby education and multifaceted personal development, including cultivation of own language and culture in various areas of hobby education.
Integrated Bachelor’s/Master’s study – medical, veterinary, pharmacist and dentistry training, architectural and civil engineering studies and class teacher training are organised as integrated Bachelor's and Master's studies. A graduate of integrated Bachelor's and Master's studies is awarded a Master’s degree. A person with secondary education or corresponding qualification has the right to apply for integrated Bachelor's and Master’s studies. Corresponds to ISCED-P 766.
Kindergarten – preschool institution for children of up to 7 years of age.
Kindergarten for children with special need – a preschool institution for children with special need who are of up to 7 years of age.
Kindergarten-basic school – a childcare institution where kindergarten is combined with a primary school, which allows them to operate as a single institution.
Kindergarten-creche – a form of preschool institution for children aged 1–7, which was used until 1998. In 1999, kindergarten-cr?ches were converted into kindergartens.
Kindergarten-primary school – a form of childcare used until 2009 where kindergarten was combined with a primary school.
Master’s study – studies at the second level of higher education during which a student improves his or her knowledge and skills in his or her speciality and acquires the knowledge and skills necessary for independent work and Doctoral studies. The prerequisite for enrolment is a Bachelor’s degree or an equivalent level of education.
Net enrolment rate in formal education system – the proportion of pupils of a given age to the population of the same age.
Part-time study – a study load that permits completing cumulatively less than 75 per cent of the studies, which, according to the curriculum, must be completed by the end of each academic year.
Pre-school child care institution – an educational institution providing care and pre-school education for pre-school children.
Primary school – a general education school that provides basic education up to 6th grade. The concept covers nursery-primary schools, but does not include schools for children with special needs, unless indicated otherwise.
Private school – a basic or secondary school enacting as a juridical entity according to the private law.
Professional higher education institution – an institution which has been granted the right to provide professional higher education and where at least two thirds of those in formal education are enrolled in higher education. In addition, Master’s studies and vocational training can take place on the basis of secondary education.
Rural pre-school institution – a pre-school institution that is situated in a rural settlement (a small town or village).
Rural school – a school that is situated in a rural settlement.
School for children with special need – a school for children with a physical, speech and/or mental disorder or for children needing special conditions for upbringing. Compared to regular schools, adaptions and alterations are made in the curriculum and/or the learning environment (the form of learning, rooms, study groups, methods, language, teachers with special training, supportive personnel etc).
School life expectancy – the expected average number of years of schooling in formal education system. The total number of years of schooling which a child can expect to receive, assuming that the probability of his or her being enrolled in school at any particular future age is equal to the current enrolment ratio at that age. The school life expectancy is calculated as the sum of enrolment rates of pupils that is divided by 100.
Secondary vocational education – a set of requirements established by the vocational education standard and the national curricula for vocations or professions. The acquisition of secondary vocational education provides the prerequisites and grants the right to start working in the acquired vocation or profession or to continue studies to acquire higher education.
Stationary study – a form of study for students and persons subject to compulsory school attendance or for students for whom studying is the main activity, where the activities supervised by the school have a higher proportion than independent learning.
Student – a person who has been admitted (matriculated) to full-time or part-time professional higher education, Bachelor's, Master's, Doctoral or integrated Bachelor's and Master’s studies at a higher education institution.
Studying – a person who was a student during the reference year (on 10 November) according to the Estonian Education Information System.
Teacher – a person employed in the field of education at school: persons in the positions of teacher and class teacher, and managers (school principal, headmaster) and support specialists (special education teacher, social pedagogue, speech therapist, school psychologist) who are involved in teaching.
The maximum permitted size of groups – the maximum size of groups in preschool institutions provided by law.
University – an educational, creation, research and development institution where higher education three level study are carried out according to the Standard of Higher Education.
Upper secondary schools for adults – general education schools for the completion of general education in non-stationary study for persons who have exceeded the compulsory school age. The primary forms of study are evening courses and distance learning.
Urban pre-school institution – a pre-school institution that is situated in an urban settlement (a city, a city without municipal status or a town).
Urban school – a school that is situated in an urban settlement.
Vocational courses after basic education – vocational education based on basic education, vocational training on the basis of basic education, vocational and secondary education based on basic education, vocational secondary education based on based education, vocational secondary education, professional secondary education based on basic education. Since the academic year 2014/15, new categories have been added: fourth-level vocational courses which include fourth-level initial vocational education (vocational upper secondary education), fourth-level initial vocational education and fourth-level continuing vocational education (admittance to all categories available since 01.09.2013).
Vocational courses after secondary education – vocational secondary education based on secondary education, vocational courses based on secondary education, professional secondary education based on secondary education. Since the academic year 2014/15, new categories have been added: fifth-level vocational courses which include fifth-level initial vocational education and fifth-level continuing vocational education (admittance to both categories available since 01.09.2013).
Vocational courses with non-defined basic education – vocational education for young people with special needs and without basic education, vocational training for persons beyond minimum school-leaving age who lack basic education. Since the academic year 2014/15, new categories have been added: second-level vocational education, third-level vocational education (admittance to both categories available since 01.09.2013). The completion of any other level of education is not a prerequisite for admittance.
Vocational education – a system of knowledge, skills, experience, values and behavioural norms which are required for working in a certain area of specialisation, for obtaining certain qualifications and for applying for and retaining a certain position, and the acquisition and improvement of that system creates the prerequisites for successful professional activity.
Vocational education institution – an educational institution where the knowledge, skills and attitudes for the performance of a skilled trade in a vocation or profession are acquired.
Vocational higher education – vocational secondary education based on secondary education, vocational courses based on secondary education, professional secondary education based on secondary education.
Vocational secondary education after basic education – the prerequisite for enrolment is the completion of basic education. During the studies, students acquire both an occupation and secondary education. After completing vocational secondary education, students can start working in the acquired occupation or profession or continue their studies in higher education.
Institutions that provide formal and pre-primary education
Estonian Education Information System: licenced educational institutions providing formal education, persons attending these institutions and the teaching staff
Estonia as a whole
DIRECTLY APPLICABLE LEGAL ACTS
Regulation (EC) No 452/2008 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 23 April 2008 concerning the production and development of statistics on education and lifelong learning
OTHER LEGAL ACTS
United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO)
The dissemination of data collected for the purpose of producing official statistics is guided by the requirements provided for in § 32, § 34, § 35, § 38 of the Official Statistics Act.
The treatment of confidential data is regulated by the Procedure for Protection of Data Collected and Processed by Statistics Estonia (in Estonian). See more details on the website of Statistics Estonia in the section Õigusaktid.
Notifications about the dissemination of statistics are published in the release calendar, which is available on the website. Every year on 1 October, the release times of the statistical database, news releases, main indicators by IMF SDDS and publications for the following year are announced in the release calendar (in the case of publications – the release month).
All users have been granted equal access to official statistics: dissemination dates of official statistics are announced in advance and no user category (incl. Eurostat, state authorities and mass media) is provided access to official statistics before other users. Official statistics are first published in the statistical database. If there is also a news release, it is published simultaneously with data in the statistical database. Official statistics are available on the website at 8:00 a.m. on the date announced in the release calendar.
Data are published in the statistical database at https://andmed.stat.ee/en/stat in the subject areas “Social life / Education / Preprimary education”,
“Social life / Education / General education”,
Social life / Education / Vocational education”,
“Social life / Education / General data of education” (except in tables HTG14 and HTG15)
and “Social life / Education / Higher education” (except in table HT17).
The dissemination of data collected for the purpose of producing official statistics is guided by the requirements provided for in § 33, § 34, § 35, § 36, § 38 of the Official Statistics Act. Access to microdata and anonymisation of microdata are regulated by Statistics Estonia’s procedure for dissemination of confidential data for scientific purposes.
Data serve as input for statistical activities 21303 “Government finance”, 50101 “Regional development” and 50201 “Sustainable development indicators”.
UOE (UNESCO-UIS/ OECD/ Eurostat) data collection manual
To assure the quality of processes and products, Statistics Estonia applies the EFQM Excellence Model, the European Statistics Code of Practice and the Quality Assurance Framework of the European Statistical System (ESS QAF). Statistics Estonia is also guided by the requirements in § 7. “Principles and quality criteria of producing official statistics” of the Official Statistics Act.
Statistics Estonia performs all statistical activities according to an international model (Generic Statistical Business Process Model – GSBPM). According to the GSBPM, the final phase of statistical activities is overall evaluation using information gathered in each phase or sub-process; this information can take many forms, including feedback from users, process metadata, system metrics and suggestions from employees. This information is used to prepare the evaluation report which outlines all the quality problems related to the specific statistical activity and serves as input for improvement actions.
Data from the Estonian Education Information System (as at a given date) are published.
Ministry of Social Affairs
Ministry of Education and Research
Since 1996, Statistics Estonia has conducted reputation and user satisfaction surveys. All results are available on the website of Statistics Estonia in the section User surveys.
Use of administrative data ensures complete coverage and up-to-date data.
This work covers international data transmission according to international methodology as well as domestic output according to national methodology. National data are geographically comparable. The methodology for international data transmission has been improved over time, so the data is not comparable to other countries throughout the times series.
National data are comparable over time. The methodology for international data transmission has been improved, so the data is not comparable throughout the time series.
According to the Basic Schools and Upper Secondary Schools Act which entered into force on 1 September 2010, primary schools were replaced by basic schools where studies are pursued at stage I or at stages I and II. Starting 2012 the number of former primary schools is added to the number of basic schools.
In 2006, the graduates whose tuition was in English have accrued. They are included in the total number of graduates.
When comparing statistics with data from other sources, the differences in methodology should be taken into account.
The international and national output are based on different methodologies and are not comparable.
The data revision policy and notification of corrections are described in the section Principles of dissemination of official statistics of the website of Statistics Estonia.
The published data may be revised if the methodology is modified, errors are discovered, new or better data become available.
Since the data of academic year 2007/2008 not used.
The following data are received from the Estonian Education Information System (EHIS): enrolment, graduates, discontinuing, grade repeaters, classes, teachers, educational institutions, foreign languages and curricula in pre-primary, general, vocational and higher education.
DATA FROM OTHER STATISTICAL ACTIVITIES
Data from statistical activity 30101 “Population” are used.
Since academic year 2005/2006 the statistical data on general, vocational and higher education are based on Estonian Educational Information System (EHIS).
Up to 2004/2005 the statistical data on general, vocational and higher education are collected and processed by Estonian Ministry of Education and Research and Statistics Estonia and are based on total surveys (include all educational institutions that have an activity license for providing corresponding education regardless of their ownership).
The statistical data on pre-primary education up to 2006/2007 have been collected and processed by the Statistical Office of Estonia. The data about education are based on total survey, i.e. the survey population of education statistics includes all educational institutions who have an activity license for providing education regardless of their form of ownership. Since academic year 2007/2008 the statistical data on pre-primary education are based on EHIS.
Educational institutions enter data into EHIS at the latest at the beginning of November. The Ministry of Education and Research checks the correctness of the data and after validation the data is sent to Statistics Estonia. Data are received via an FTP-server.
The data are compared with the data of previous periods. All columns are checked to make sure that they have been completed as required.
After data cleaning, validation and linking, anonymized source files are compiled, which are used for producing of annual statistics.
Educational institutions, teachers, enrolment and admittance at the beginning of the academic year, graduates, dropouts and discontinuers during the academic year. In the case of graduates, dropouts and discontinuers the year stands for the end of the academic year, in other cases - the beginning of the academic year. Urban schools in cities, cities without municipal status and towns, rural schools in small towns and villages. Region of origin is determined on the basis of the country of residence, and, in the few cases where the country of residence is unknown, on the basis of the country of citizenship.
In the tables, the number of children at day-care centres does not include school pupils.
Until 2011 for computing education indicators the revised age distribution of the population and the population number are based on the 2000 Population Census. The revised age distribution of the population based on the 2011 Population Census is used for computing education indicators data for years since 2012.