Statistical activity code: 40407
Museums and their branches by type and type of ownership; number of employees, attendance, number of exhibitions and museum events, income and expenditures, museum space, collection, and information and communication technology used in museums.
Classification of Estonian administrative units and settlements (EHAK)
Type of owner
UNESCO types of museums
Art museums – museums for the display and study of works of fine art and applied art. This group includes museums of sculpture, picture galleries, museums of photography and cinema, museums of architecture, museums of design, including art exhibition galleries permanently maintained by libraries and archives centres.
Attendance – covers exhibition visitors and also participants of events organised by the museum (lectures, museum classes).
Attendance per 1000 inhabitants – number of total attendance divided by the number of population and multiplied by 1000.
Employees – full-time or part-time employees working under contract of employment as on December 31 (headcount).
Ethnography and anthropology museums – museums displaying materials on culture, social structures, beliefs, customs, traditional arts, etc. (This definition was used until 2019.)
Exhibitions – temporary exhibitions based on museum’s collection or exhibitions organised by other museums of institutions exposed in museum venues. Permanent exposition was not taken into account until 2019. From there on each year the permanent exhibition is counted as one exhibition. If one exhibition is exhibited in multiple locations, it is counted as separate exhibitions.
Exhibitions outside permanent exposition – museums exhibitions that are held outside the museum’s own premises.
General museums – museums which have mixed collections and cannot be identified by a principal field.
History museums – the aim of history museums is to present the historical evolution over a certain period, also memorial buildings of a larger than local significance, and regional museums that have a collection reflecting a larger cultural or historical region. This group includes museums of collections of historical objects and relics, memorial museums, museums of archives, museums of historical figures, events and periods, museums of archaeology, museums of antiquities, and museums that cover the development of society, community life and culture through history. Museums of archaeology are distinguished by the fact that they owe all or part of their collections to excavations.
Labour cost – costs on wages and salaries of all employees, including temporary workers (basic wage, fringe benefits, bonuses, holiday pay, guarantees and other fees that are taxed according to the Wages Act and other costs associated with labour costs) with social tax (including unemployment insurance).
Museum – an institution that gathers, preserves, displays and studies cultural and natural objects of cultural value. The functions of a museum are scientific describing, restoration, preservation, publication, lecturing, etc. In statistics, the main museum and its branches are considered as separate museums.
Natural history museums – museums for the display of subjects related to either one or several of the disciplines such as biology, geology, botany, zoology, palaeontology and ecology. Natural history and natural science museums do not include zoos and botanical gardens which are not considered to be museums.
Participants in excursions – people who go on guided tours in museums.
Place museums – museums displaying materials illustrating the history and culture of a certain village, small town or municipality.
Regional museums – museums which illustrate a more or less extensive region constituting a historical and cultural entity and sometimes also an ethnical, economic or social one, i.e. the collections refer more to a specific territory than to a specific theme or subject. (This definition was used until 2019; further on regional museums are classified under place museums or thematic museums.)
Science or technology museums – museums in this category relate to several exact sciences or technologies such as astronomy, mathematics, physics, chemistry, medical science construction and building industries, manufactured articles, etc. Planetaria and science centres are also included in this category.
Specialised museums – museums which are concerned with research and display of all aspects of a single theme or subject not covered in one of other museum categories. This definition was used until 2019; further on specialized museums are classified under thematic museums.
Thematic museums – museums which are specialized in a certain topic or speciality, including museums that display the history of some certain establishment. Thematic museums also include museums that concentrate on technology related to one certain topic.
Museums (excluding museums of schools of general education) and zoos
List of active museums and zoos generated from the business register for statistical purposes
Information on museums received from the Ministry of Culture and other sources
Estonia as a whole
The dissemination of data collected for the purpose of producing official statistics is guided by the requirements provided for in § 32, § 34, § 35, § 38 of the Official Statistics Act.
The treatment of confidential data is regulated by the Procedure for Protection of Data Collected and Processed by Statistics Estonia (in Estonian). See more details on the website of Statistics Estonia in the section Õigusaktid.
Notifications about the dissemination of statistics are published in the release calendar, which is available on the website. Every year on 1 October, the release times of the statistical database, news releases, main indicators by IMF SDDS and publications for the following year are announced in the release calendar (in the case of publications – the release month).
All users have been granted equal access to official statistics: dissemination dates of official statistics are announced in advance and no user category (incl. Eurostat, state authorities and mass media) is provided access to official statistics before other users. Official statistics are first published in the statistical database. If there is also a news release, it is published simultaneously with data in the statistical database. Official statistics are available on the website at 8:00 a.m. on the date announced in the release calendar.
The news release “Museums” once a year. The news release can be viewed on the website of Statistics Estonia in the section Uudiskiri (in Estonian).
Data are published under the subject area “Social life / Culture” in the statistical database at http://pub.stat.ee.
The dissemination of data collected for the purpose of producing official statistics is guided by the requirements provided for in § 33, § 34, § 35, § 36, § 38 of the Access to microdata and anonymisation of microdata are regulated by Statistics Estonia’s procedure for dissemination of confidential data for scientific purposes.
Data serve as input for statistical activities 20901 “Business register for statistical purposes”, 50101 “Regional development” and 50201 “Sustainable development indicators ”.
To assure the quality of processes and products, Statistics Estonia applies the EFQM Excellence Model, the European Statistics Code of Practice and the Quality Assurance Framework of the European Statistical System (ESS QAF). Statistics Estonia is also guided by the requirements in § 7. “Principles and quality criteria of producing official statistics” of the Official Statistics Act.
Statistics Estonia performs all statistical activities according to an international model (Generic Statistical Business Process Model – GSBPM). According to the GSBPM, the final phase of statistical activities is overall evaluation using information gathered in each phase or sub-process; this information can take many forms, including feedback from users, process metadata, system metrics and suggestions from employees. This information is used to prepare the evaluation report which outlines all the quality problems related to the specific statistical activity and serves as input for improvement actions.
Ministry of Culture
Users’ suggestions and information about taking these into account are available on the website of Statistics Estonia at http://www.stat.ee/statistikatood.
Since 1996, Statistics Estonia has conducted reputation and user satisfaction surveys. All results are available on the website of Statistics Estonia in the section User surveys.
The data are nationally comparable.
The data are comparable over time.
In 1999 the number of museums increased mainly on account of rural municipality museums. Until 2005 museums of public law (museums operating under universities, etc.) were also included in the owners’ classification.
The exclusion of Estonian Literary Museum in 2011 resulted in a noticeable decrease of museum pieces of the main collection.
When comparing statistics with data from other sources, the differences in methodology should be taken into account.
The outputs of the statistical activity are coherent.
The population is 275 objects. Census has been used. The number of museums covers both museums and their branches.
DATA FROM OTHER STATISTICAL ACTIVITIES
Data are collected and the submission of questionnaires is monitored through eSTAT (the web channel for electronic data submission). The questionnaires have been designed for independent completion in eSTAT and include instructions and controls. The questionnaires and information about data submission are available on the website of Statistics Estonia in the section Questionnaires.
Data are collected with the official statistics annual questionnaires “Museum” and “Zoo”.
The data are compared with the data of previous periods. All columns are checked to make sure that they have been completed as required.
In the case of missing or unreliable data, estimate imputation based on established regulations will be used.
Variables and statistical units which were not collected but which are necessary for producing the output are calculated. New variables are calculated by applying arithmetic conversion to already existing variables. This may be done repeatedly, the derived variable may, in turn, be based on previously derived new variables.
Microdata are aggregated to the level necessary for analysis. This includes aggregating the data according to the classification, and calculating various statistical measures, such as the average, median, dispersion, etc.
The collected data are converted into statistical output. This includes calculating additional indicators.